Trace elements and cancer risk: a review of the epidemiologic evidence View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2007-02

AUTHORS

Stephanie A. Navarro Silvera, Thomas E. Rohan

ABSTRACT

Worldwide, there are more than 10 million new cancer cases each year, and cancer is the cause of approximately 12% of all deaths. Given this, a large number of epidemiologic studies have been undertaken to identify potential risk factors for cancer, amongst which the association with trace elements has received considerable attention. Trace elements, such as selenium, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, and nickel, are found naturally in the environment, and human exposure derives from a variety of sources, including air, drinking water, and food. Trace elements are of particular interest given that the levels of exposure to them are potentially modifiable. In this review, we focus largely on the association between each of the trace elements noted above and risk of cancers of the lung, breast, colorectum, prostate, urinary bladder, and stomach. Overall, the evidence currently available appears to support an inverse association between selenium exposure and prostate cancer risk, and possibly also a reduction in risk with respect to lung cancer, although additional prospective studies are needed. There is also limited evidence for an inverse association between zinc and breast cancer, and again, prospective studies are needed to confirm this. Most studies have reported no association between selenium and risk of breast, colorectal, and stomach cancer, and between zinc and prostate cancer risk. There is compelling evidence in support of positive associations between arsenic and risk of both lung and bladder cancers, and between cadmium and lung cancer risk. More... »

PAGES

7-27

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1983-12. Dietary selenium in humans toenails as an indicator in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
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  • 2002-08-01. Serum selenium and risk of large size colorectal adenomas in a geographical area with a low selenium status in THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • 2000-02-01. Toenail selenium and breast cancer—a case-control study in Finland in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
  • 1992-04. Cancer risk among workers at a copper/nickel smelter and nickel refinery in Finland in INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
  • 2002-12. Toenail selenium concentration and lung cancer in male smokers (Finland) in CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL
  • 2004-03-02. A case–control study of selenium in nails and prostate cancer risk in British men in BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER
  • 1991-03. Adult dietary intake and prostate cancer risk in Utah: a case-control study with special emphasis on aggressive tumors in CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL
  • 2005-10. Zinc and Prostate Cancer: A Critical Scientific, Medical, and Public Interest Issue (United States) in CANCER CAUSES & CONTROL
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10552-006-0057-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10552-006-0057-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046215866

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17186419


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