Distribution and significance of caveolin 2 expression in normal breast and invasive breast cancer: an immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-07

AUTHORS

Kay Savage, Samuel Leung, S. Katrina Todd, Lindsay A. Brown, Robin L. Jones, David Robertson, Michelle James, Suzanne Parry, S. Maria Rodrigues Pinilla, David Huntsman, Jorge S. Reis-Filho

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to define the distribution of caveolin 2 (CAV2) in frozen and formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) normal breast samples and the significance of CAV2 expression in breast cancer. METHODS: Caveolin 2 distribution in frozen and paraffin-embedded whole tissue sections of normal breast was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, in conjunction with antibodies to define luminal epithelial cells (oestrogen receptor and cytokeratin 8/18) and myoepithelial/ basal cells (cytokeratins 14 and 5/6, p63 and smooth muscle actin). CAV2 expression was also immunohistochemically analysed in two independent cohorts of invasive breast carcinomas (n = 245 and n = 418). RESULTS: In normal breast, CAV2 was expressed in myoepithelial cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and adipocytes. Luminal epithelial cells showed no or only negligible staining. CAV2 expression was observed in 9.6% of all breast cancers and was strongly correlated with high histological grade, lack of oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and cyclin D1 expression, and positivity for epidermal growth factor receptor, basal markers, p53 expression, and high proliferation index. Furthermore, CAV2 expression was significantly associated with basal-like immunophenotype and proved to be a prognostic factor for breast cancer-specific survival on univariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that CAV2 is preferentially expressed in basal-like cancers and is associated with poor prognosis. Further in vitro studies are required to determine whether CAV2 has oncogenic properties or is only a surrogate marker of basal-like carcinomas. More... »

PAGES

245-256

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10549-007-9718-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-007-9718-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011994211

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17912630


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