Air-Parcel Residence Times Within Forest Canopies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Tobias Gerken, Marcelo Chamecki, Jose D. Fuentes

ABSTRACT

We present a theoretical model, based on a simple model of turbulent diffusion and first-order chemical kinetics, to determine air-parcel residence times and the out-of-canopy export of reactive gases emitted within forest canopies under neutral conditions. Theoretical predictions of the air-parcel residence time are compared to values derived from large-eddy simulation for a range of canopy architectures and turbulence levels under neutral stratification. Median air-parcel residence times range from a few sec in the upper canopy to approximately 30 min near the ground and the distribution of residence times is skewed towards longer times in the lower canopy. While the predicted probability density functions from the theoretical model and large-eddy simulation are in good agreement with each other, the theoretical model requires only information on canopy height and eddy diffusivities inside the canopy. The eddy-diffusivity model developed additionally requires the friction velocity at canopy top and a parametrized profile of the standard deviation of vertical velocity. The theoretical model of air-parcel residence times is extended to include first-order chemical reactions over a range of of Damköhler numbers (Da) characteristic of plant-emitted hydrocarbons. The resulting out-of-canopy export fractions range from near 1 for Da=10-3 to less than 0.3 at Da=10. These results highlight the necessity for dense and tall forests to include the impacts of air-parcel residence times when calculating the out-of-canopy export fraction for reactive trace gases. More... »

PAGES

29-54

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-06. Correction of a Non-orthogonal, Three-Component Sonic Anemometer for Flow Distortion by Transducer Shadowing in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1988. Spectral Methods in Fluid Dynamics in NONE
  • 1992-10. Large-eddy simulation of turbulent flow above and within a forest in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2007-02. Instability in Lagrangian stochastic trajectory models, and a method for its cure in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2001-07. Decaying Scalars Emitted By A Forest Canopy: A Numerical Study in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1999-04. An Analytical one-Dimensional Second-Order Closure Model of Turbulence Statistics and the Lagrangian Time Scale Within and Above Plant Canopies of Arbitrary Structure in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1996. Stochastic Lagrangian Models of Turbulent Diffusion in NONE
  • 2007-03. Biogenic Hydrocarbon Chemistry within and Above a Mixed Deciduous Forest in JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
  • 2012-03. The Effect of the Vertical Source Distribution on Scalar Statistics within and above a Forest Canopy in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2004-10. ONE- and TWO-Equation Models for Canopy Turbulence in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2013-06. Turbulence in Sparse, Organized Vegetative Canopies: A Large-Eddy Simulation Study in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2005. Post-Field Data Quality Control in HANDBOOK OF MICROMETEOROLOGY
  • 2008-09. A Hybrid Spectral/Finite-Volume Algorithm for Large-Eddy Simulation of Scalars in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1985. Flux-Gradient Relationships in a Forest Canopy in THE FOREST-ATMOSPHERE INTERACTION
  • 2012-01. Wind fields in heterogeneous conifer canopies: parameterisation of momentum absorption using high-resolution 3D vegetation scans in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 1996-03. Coherent eddies and turbulence in vegetation canopies: The mixing-layer analogy in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1986-04. Experiments on scalar dispersion within a model plant canopy part II: An elevated plane source in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2010-09. Influence of Source/Sink Distributions on Flux–Gradient Relationships in the Roughness Sublayer Over an Open Forest Canopy Under Unstable Conditions in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085984443


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0307", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Theoretical and Computational Chemistry", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Montana State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.41891.35", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 16802, University Park, PA, USA", 
                "Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, 59717, Bozeman, MT, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gerken", 
            "givenName": "Tobias", 
            "id": "sg:person.016340525171.33", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016340525171.33"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California Los Angeles", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, 90095, Los Angeles, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chamecki", 
            "givenName": "Marcelo", 
            "id": "sg:person.013614243577.25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013614243577.25"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pennsylvania State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 16802, University Park, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fuentes", 
            "givenName": "Jose D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01137305734.61", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01137305734.61"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019223515444", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000841132", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1019223515444"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.32.1.519", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000862465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd02950", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004605750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1001810204560", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004941694", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1001810204560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006420292", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006420292", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2265-4_9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008290260", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2265-4_9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-012-9796-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009779476", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-012-9796-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/92jd02511", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010298188"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.01.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012696705"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jd005775", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015649626"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jd005775", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015649626"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-7-3361-2007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016301478"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-6-3181-2006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016826243"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:boun.0000037333.48760.e5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018368645", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:boun.0000037333.48760.e5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019965857"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019965857"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021740131", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021740131", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1112/plms/s2-20.1.196", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022128763"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bbpc.19400461102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025579934"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00117307", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026760931", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00117307"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/165067", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026932515"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-3302.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028361117"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029355521", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<1537:bhitab>2.3.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029862683"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497569", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2008.11.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033196760"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038631176", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038631176", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.07.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038901043"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041762247", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041762247", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-015-0010-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042710299", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-015-0010-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-4843-2012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043061313"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02033994", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043621791", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02033994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02033994", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043621791", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02033994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jd016243", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045663722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-011-9686-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046556928", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-011-9686-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-15-0068.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046747598"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10874-006-9048-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047209909", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10874-006-9048-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1590/s0044-59672005000400007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048077351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00152.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048295123"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.058", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049072411"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00120941", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050121228", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00120941"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00120941", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050121228", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00120941"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90089-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053519316"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90089-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053519316"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053759698"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053759698"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112087001940", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053766106"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.427", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053788339"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.427", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053788339"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1839152", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057825877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047872", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057899260"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4898395", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058092412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/432589", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058717690"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/432589", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058717690"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2390210", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069906409"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-1471-2012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.32-0998", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073326132"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016jd026009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084006586"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511606014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098706575"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2017-10", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2017-10-01", 
        "description": "We present a theoretical model, based on a simple model of turbulent diffusion and first-order chemical kinetics, to determine air-parcel residence times and the out-of-canopy export of reactive gases emitted within forest canopies under neutral conditions. Theoretical predictions of the air-parcel residence time are compared to values derived from large-eddy simulation for a range of canopy architectures and turbulence levels under neutral stratification. Median air-parcel residence times range from a few sec in the upper canopy to approximately 30 min near the ground and the distribution of residence times is skewed towards longer times in the lower canopy. While the predicted probability density functions from the theoretical model and large-eddy simulation are in good agreement with each other, the theoretical model requires only information on canopy height and eddy diffusivities inside the canopy. The eddy-diffusivity model developed additionally requires the friction velocity at canopy top and a parametrized profile of the standard deviation of vertical velocity. The theoretical model of air-parcel residence times is extended to include first-order chemical reactions over a range of of Damk\u00f6hler numbers (Da) characteristic of plant-emitted hydrocarbons. The resulting out-of-canopy export fractions range from near 1 for Da=10-3 to less than 0.3 at Da=10. These results highlight the necessity for dense and tall forests to include the impacts of air-parcel residence times when calculating the out-of-canopy export fraction for reactive trace gases.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.4320164", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1049385", 
            "issn": [
              "0006-8314", 
              "1573-1472"
            ], 
            "name": "Boundary-Layer Meteorology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "165"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Air-Parcel Residence Times Within Forest Canopies", 
        "pagination": "29-54", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "a39644290a0495d1d49b616a4e8d28aa9a0de06be4b57adc92ae172e83b03bb6"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1085984443"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085984443"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:19", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000348_0000000348/records_54322_00000001.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10546-017-0269-7"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    260 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      80 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7 schema:about anzsrc-for:03
    2 anzsrc-for:0307
    3 schema:author N4e48640fa146413c8d4b66d21e9e57e2
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2265-4_9
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00117307
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00120941
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02033994
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-011-9686-1
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-012-9796-4
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-015-0010-3
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10874-006-9048-4
    19 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1001810204560
    20 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019223515444
    21 sg:pub.10.1023/b:boun.0000037333.48760.e5
    22 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361
    23 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016jd026009
    24 https://doi.org/10.1002/bbpc.19400461102
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90089-0
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.028
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.07.011
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.01.011
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.058
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2008.11.004
    31 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511606014
    32 https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.379
    33 https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.427
    34 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112087001940
    35 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jd005775
    36 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jd016243
    37 https://doi.org/10.1029/92jd02511
    38 https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd02950
    39 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1839152
    40 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047872
    41 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4898395
    42 https://doi.org/10.1086/432589
    43 https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/165067
    44 https://doi.org/10.1112/plms/s2-20.1.196
    45 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.32.1.519
    46 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<1537:bhitab>2.3.co;2
    47 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00152.1
    48 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-3302.1
    49 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-15-0068.1
    50 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0044-59672005000400007
    51 https://doi.org/10.2307/2390210
    52 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-4843-2012
    53 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-6-3181-2006
    54 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-7-3361-2007
    55 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-1471-2012
    56 https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.32-0998
    57 schema:datePublished 2017-10
    58 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-10-01
    59 schema:description We present a theoretical model, based on a simple model of turbulent diffusion and first-order chemical kinetics, to determine air-parcel residence times and the out-of-canopy export of reactive gases emitted within forest canopies under neutral conditions. Theoretical predictions of the air-parcel residence time are compared to values derived from large-eddy simulation for a range of canopy architectures and turbulence levels under neutral stratification. Median air-parcel residence times range from a few sec in the upper canopy to approximately 30 min near the ground and the distribution of residence times is skewed towards longer times in the lower canopy. While the predicted probability density functions from the theoretical model and large-eddy simulation are in good agreement with each other, the theoretical model requires only information on canopy height and eddy diffusivities inside the canopy. The eddy-diffusivity model developed additionally requires the friction velocity at canopy top and a parametrized profile of the standard deviation of vertical velocity. The theoretical model of air-parcel residence times is extended to include first-order chemical reactions over a range of of Damköhler numbers (Da) characteristic of plant-emitted hydrocarbons. The resulting out-of-canopy export fractions range from near 1 for Da=10-3 to less than 0.3 at Da=10. These results highlight the necessity for dense and tall forests to include the impacts of air-parcel residence times when calculating the out-of-canopy export fraction for reactive trace gases.
    60 schema:genre research_article
    61 schema:inLanguage en
    62 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    63 schema:isPartOf N0252f017222743f2b564d663e04b981b
    64 N5ed2d647cfd142aea3d5f43e3f0b4609
    65 sg:journal.1049385
    66 schema:name Air-Parcel Residence Times Within Forest Canopies
    67 schema:pagination 29-54
    68 schema:productId N66c5a13ed8c449ad8f67b72519eb5054
    69 Ncde780ae67cd4ee4b155e30b37ba7748
    70 Nff2b69abb0514ac1b92d9551fa029ba7
    71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085984443
    72 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7
    73 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:19
    74 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    75 schema:sdPublisher N6cddfb286f4d46898a3471043265e42f
    76 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10546-017-0269-7
    77 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    78 sgo:sdDataset articles
    79 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    80 N0252f017222743f2b564d663e04b981b schema:issueNumber 1
    81 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    82 N0e9225ce18314f5590b6d31fddc07176 rdf:first sg:person.01137305734.61
    83 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    84 N4e48640fa146413c8d4b66d21e9e57e2 rdf:first sg:person.016340525171.33
    85 rdf:rest N5b66acc4d43b41e584f9846620a1d342
    86 N5b66acc4d43b41e584f9846620a1d342 rdf:first sg:person.013614243577.25
    87 rdf:rest N0e9225ce18314f5590b6d31fddc07176
    88 N5ed2d647cfd142aea3d5f43e3f0b4609 schema:volumeNumber 165
    89 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    90 N66c5a13ed8c449ad8f67b72519eb5054 schema:name doi
    91 schema:value 10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7
    92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    93 N6cddfb286f4d46898a3471043265e42f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    94 rdf:type schema:Organization
    95 Ncde780ae67cd4ee4b155e30b37ba7748 schema:name dimensions_id
    96 schema:value pub.1085984443
    97 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    98 Nff2b69abb0514ac1b92d9551fa029ba7 schema:name readcube_id
    99 schema:value a39644290a0495d1d49b616a4e8d28aa9a0de06be4b57adc92ae172e83b03bb6
    100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    101 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    102 schema:name Chemical Sciences
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 anzsrc-for:0307 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    105 schema:name Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
    106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    107 sg:grant.4320164 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-017-0269-7
    108 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    109 sg:journal.1049385 schema:issn 0006-8314
    110 1573-1472
    111 schema:name Boundary-Layer Meteorology
    112 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    113 sg:person.01137305734.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31
    114 schema:familyName Fuentes
    115 schema:givenName Jose D.
    116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01137305734.61
    117 rdf:type schema:Person
    118 sg:person.013614243577.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e
    119 schema:familyName Chamecki
    120 schema:givenName Marcelo
    121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013614243577.25
    122 rdf:type schema:Person
    123 sg:person.016340525171.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.41891.35
    124 schema:familyName Gerken
    125 schema:givenName Tobias
    126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016340525171.33
    127 rdf:type schema:Person
    128 sg:pub.10.1007/1-4020-2265-4_9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008290260
    129 https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-2265-4_9
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006420292
    132 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-935704-11-9
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361
    135 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84108-8
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041762247
    138 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-5305-5_27
    139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    140 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00117307 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026760931
    141 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00117307
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00120941 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050121228
    144 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00120941
    145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    146 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02033994 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043621791
    147 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02033994
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029355521
    150 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-011-0550-0
    151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    152 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038631176
    153 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-006-9111-3
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021740131
    156 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9302-1
    157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    158 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497569
    159 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9513-0
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-011-9686-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046556928
    162 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-011-9686-1
    163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    164 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-012-9796-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009779476
    165 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-012-9796-4
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 sg:pub.10.1007/s10546-015-0010-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042710299
    168 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-015-0010-3
    169 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    170 sg:pub.10.1007/s10874-006-9048-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047209909
    171 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10874-006-9048-4
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1001810204560 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004941694
    174 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1001810204560
    175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    176 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1019223515444 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000841132
    177 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1019223515444
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 sg:pub.10.1023/b:boun.0000037333.48760.e5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018368645
    180 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:boun.0000037333.48760.e5
    181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    182 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039300361 schema:CreativeWork
    183 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016jd026009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084006586
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 https://doi.org/10.1002/bbpc.19400461102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025579934
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90089-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053519316
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019965857
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2004.07.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038901043
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.01.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012696705
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.058 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049072411
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaerosci.2008.11.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033196760
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511606014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098706575
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.379 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053759698
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.427 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053788339
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022112087001940 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053766106
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jd005775 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015649626
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jd016243 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045663722
    210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    211 https://doi.org/10.1029/92jd02511 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010298188
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 https://doi.org/10.1029/94jd02950 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004605750
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1839152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057825877
    216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    217 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3047872 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057899260
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4898395 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058092412
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 https://doi.org/10.1086/432589 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058717690
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/165067 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026932515
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 https://doi.org/10.1112/plms/s2-20.1.196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022128763
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.32.1.519 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000862465
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<1537:bhitab>2.3.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029862683
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00152.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048295123
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-3302.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028361117
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-15-0068.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046747598
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 https://doi.org/10.1590/s0044-59672005000400007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048077351
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 https://doi.org/10.2307/2390210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069906409
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-4843-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043061313
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-6-3181-2006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016826243
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-7-3361-2007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016301478
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-5-1471-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670111
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.32-0998 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073326132
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e schema:alternateName University of California Los Angeles
    252 schema:name Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of California, 90095, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    253 rdf:type schema:Organization
    254 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31 schema:alternateName Pennsylvania State University
    255 schema:name Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 16802, University Park, PA, USA
    256 rdf:type schema:Organization
    257 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.41891.35 schema:alternateName Montana State University
    258 schema:name Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, 59717, Bozeman, MT, USA
    259 Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 16802, University Park, PA, USA
    260 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...