Numerical Simulations of Sheltering in Valleys: The Formation of Nighttime Cold-Air Pools View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-06

AUTHORS

S. B. Vosper, A. R. Brown

ABSTRACT

Numerical simulations of flow over two-dimensional valleys are conducted in order to study the occurrence of pools of cold air that form at the bottom of valleys during stable nighttime conditions. The results show that during strong surface radiative cooling and light-wind events, the near-surface potential temperatures that occur at the bottom of valleys can be several kelvin below the environmental mean. This is true for quite shallow valleys with depths and widths of 50 m and 1 km, respectively, and is a result of in situ sheltering at the valley bottom. For windier conditions or less rapid cooling, the cold-pool temperature contrasts are reduced. For shallow valleys the magnitude of the difference between the potential temperature at the bottom of the valley and the mean value increases with increasing valley depth. However there is a critical valley depth, beyond which the valley flow becomes decoupled from that aloft and there are no further increases in the potential temperature difference. This critical valley depth depends on the wind speed and radiative cooling rate and the results indicate it is a function of a non-dimensional valley depth (or inverse Froude number), which is itself a property of the undisturbed profiles of wind and stability. More... »

PAGES

429-448

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989-04. Wave drag in the planetary boundary layer over complex terrain in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2001-11. Shallow Drainage Flows in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2000-10. Tethered Balloon Observations Of The Nocturnal Stable Boundary Layer In A Valley in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1995-09. Orographic and stability effects on valley-side drainage flows in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 2006-03. Modelling of Turbulent Form Drag in Convective Conditions in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • 1995-10. The onset of separation in neutral, turbulent flow over hills in BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Boundary-Layer Meteorology

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    127

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10546-008-9272-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9272-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024362654


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