The hermeneutics of ecological simulation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-06

AUTHORS

Steven L. Peck

ABSTRACT

Computer simulation has become important in ecological modeling, but there have been few assessments on how complex simulation models differ from more traditional analytic models. In Part I of this paper, I review the challenges faced in complex ecological modeling and how models have been used to gain theoretical purchase for understanding natural systems. I compare the use of traditional analytic simulation models and point how that the two methods require different kinds of practical engagement. I examine a case study of three models from the insect resistance literature in transgenic crops to illustrate and explore differences in analytic and computer simulation models. I argue that analyzing simulation models has been often inappropriately managed with expectations derived from handling analytic models. In Part II, I look at simulation as a hermeneutic practice. I argue that simulation models are a practice or techné. I the explore five aspects of philosophical hermeneutics that may be useful in complex ecological simulation: (1) an openness to multiple perspectives allowing multiple levels of scientific pluralism, (2) the hermeneutic circle, a back and forth in active communication among both modelers and ecologists; (3) the recognition of human factors and the nature of human practices as such, including recognizing the role of judgments and choices in the modeling enterprise; (4) the importance of play in modeling; (5) the non-closed nature of hermeneutic engagement, continued dialogue, and recognizing the situatedness, incompleteness, and tentative nature of simulation models. More... »

PAGES

383-402

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006-10. From in vivo to in silico biology and back in NATURE
  • 2000-09. Emergence as Non-Aggregativity and the Biases of Reductionisms in FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE
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  • 2006-12. Understanding Pluralism in Climate Modeling in FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE
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  • 2002. The Hermeneutics of the Natural Sciences in HERMENEUTIC PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, VAN GOGH’S EYES, AND GOD
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10539-008-9109-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10539-008-9109-y

    DIMENSIONS

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