Anterior segment congestion of a right liver lobe graft in living-donor liver transplantation and strategy to prevent congestion View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-02

AUTHORS

SungGyu Lee, KwangMin Park, Shin Hwang, KiHoon Kim, ChulSoo Ahn, DukBok Moon, JungWoo Joo, SungHoon Cho, KiBong Oh, TaeYong Ha, HyunSeong Yang, KyuTaek Choi, KyuSam Hwang, EunJoo Lee, YoungSang Lee, HanJoo Lee, YoungHwa Chung, MyungHwan Kim, SungKoo Lee, DongJin Suh, KyuBo Sung

ABSTRACT

Background/Purpose. A left lobe graft from a small donor will not usually fulfill the metabolic demands of a larger recipient in adult-to-adult living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). One solution to this problem is to use a right lobe graft. However, the necessity of middle hepatic vein (MHV) outflow drainage from the anterior segment (AS) of a right lobe graft has not yet been clearly described in the literature. From July 1997 to February 1998, five right lobe grafts without MHV outflow drainage were implanted in five adult recipients. The graft weights ranged from 650 to 1000 g, and their volumes ranged from 48% to 83% of the ideal liver mass of the recipients. Two grafts showed severe congestion of the AS immediately after reperfusion, followed by prolonged massive ascites and severe liver dysfunction in each patient postoperatively. Eventually, one patient died of sepsis, on posttransplant day 20, demonstrating progressive hepatic dysfunction.Methods. Subsequently, since March 1998, 176 of 208 adult recipients who received a right lobe graft, while demonstrating sizable (greater than 5-mm diameter) MHV tributaries underwent reconstruction of MHV outflow drainage, using the recipient's own autogenous or cryopreserved cadaveric interposition vein grafts.Results. In 170 of the 176 recipients, AS congestion was not demonstrated on enhanced liver computerized tomography (CT) or Doppler ultrasonography (USG) postoperatively, and the patency rate of interposition vein grafts was 96.6% on day 30 posttransplant.Conclusions. A right lobe graft without MHV outflow drainage might result in severe congestion of the AS, which could lead to the patient's death in an extreme situation. Preservation of MHV outflow drainage in a right lobe graft is possible by two harvesting methods: an extended right lobe (ERL) graft, in which the MHV trunk is included in the graft, and a modified right lobe (MRL) graft, in which venous tributaries of the MHV are reconstructed via interposition vein grafts into the recipient's hepatic venous system. From the viewpoint of donor safety, the ERL graft increases the donor's risk more than the MRL graft, because the remaining left liver lobe of the donor does not possess an MHV. Here, we introduce our experiences of MRL grafts in adult-to-adult LDLTs. More... »

PAGES

16-25

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-09. Technical advances in living-related liver transplantation in JOURNAL OF HEPATO-BILIARY-PANCREATIC SCIENCES
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10534-002-0789-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10534-002-0789-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051376105

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12918453


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