Nitrogen biogeochemistry of a mature Scots pine forest subjected to high nitrogen loads View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-12-20

AUTHORS

J. Neirynck, I. A. Janssens, P. Roskams, P. Quataert, P. Verschelde, R. Ceulemans

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen (N) biogeochemistry of a mature Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stand subjected to an average total atmospheric N deposition of 48 kg ha−1 year−1 was studied during the period 1992–2007. The annual amount of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in throughfall (TF) averaged 34 kg ha−1 year−1 over the 16-year monitoring period. The throughfall fluxes contained also considerable amounts of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) (5–8.5 kg N ha−1 year−1), which should be incorporated in the estimate of N flux using throughfall collectors. Throughfall DIN fluxes declined at a rate of −0.9 kg N ha−1 year−1, mainly due to the decreasing TF fluxes of ammonium (NH4), which accounted for 70% to TF DIN. The decrease in TF DIN was accompanied by a decrease in DIN leaching in the seepage water (−1.6 kg N ha−1 year−1), which occurred exclusively as nitrate (NO3−). Nitrate losses in the leachate of the forest floor (LFH) equalled the TF NO3− delivered to the LFH-layer. On the contrary, about half of the TF NH4+ was retained within the LFH-layer. Approximately 60% of the TF DIN fluxes were leached indicating that N inputs were far in excess of the N requirements of the forest. For DON, losses were only substantial from the LFH-layer, but no DON was leached in the seepage water. Despite the high N losses through nitrate leaching and NOx emission, the forest was still accumulating N, especially in the aggrading LFH-layer. The forest stand, on the contrary, was found to be a poor N sink. More... »

PAGES

201-222

References to SciGraph publications

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    33 schema:description Nitrogen (N) biogeochemistry of a mature Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stand subjected to an average total atmospheric N deposition of 48 kg ha−1 year−1 was studied during the period 1992–2007. The annual amount of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) in throughfall (TF) averaged 34 kg ha−1 year−1 over the 16-year monitoring period. The throughfall fluxes contained also considerable amounts of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) (5–8.5 kg N ha−1 year−1), which should be incorporated in the estimate of N flux using throughfall collectors. Throughfall DIN fluxes declined at a rate of −0.9 kg N ha−1 year−1, mainly due to the decreasing TF fluxes of ammonium (NH4), which accounted for 70% to TF DIN. The decrease in TF DIN was accompanied by a decrease in DIN leaching in the seepage water (−1.6 kg N ha−1 year−1), which occurred exclusively as nitrate (NO3−). Nitrate losses in the leachate of the forest floor (LFH) equalled the TF NO3− delivered to the LFH-layer. On the contrary, about half of the TF NH4+ was retained within the LFH-layer. Approximately 60% of the TF DIN fluxes were leached indicating that N inputs were far in excess of the N requirements of the forest. For DON, losses were only substantial from the LFH-layer, but no DON was leached in the seepage water. Despite the high N losses through nitrate leaching and NOx emission, the forest was still accumulating N, especially in the aggrading LFH-layer. The forest stand, on the contrary, was found to be a poor N sink.
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    42 NH4
    43 NOx emissions
    44 Scots pine
    45 Scots pine forest
    46 TF DIN
    47 TF DIN fluxes
    48 TF NH4
    49 TF fluxes
    50 Throughfall DIN fluxes
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    52 amount
    53 annual amount
    54 biogeochemistry
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    57 contrary
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    60 dissolved organic nitrogen
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    64 floor
    65 flux
    66 forest
    67 forest floor
    68 forest stands
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    70 high nitrogen loads
    71 inorganic nitrogen
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    84 nitrogen biogeochemistry
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