Restoring diversity of thermophilous oak forests: connectivity and proximity to existing habitats matter View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2020-08-07

AUTHORS

Vojtěch Lanta, Ondřej Mudrák, Pierre Liancourt, Miroslav Dvorský, Michael Bartoš, Zuzana Chlumská, Pavel Šebek, Lukáš Čížek, Jiří Doležal

ABSTRACT

The habitat fragmentation and isolation threaten populations of rare species. Organisms become endangered because of the primary habitat loss, but also due to limited dispersal capacity. Whether threatened species are limited more by their dispersal capacity or by lack of suitable habitats is an unresolved question critical to effective conservation. To address the question, we investigated patterns of colonisation by light demanding woodland plants in patches (clearings) of broadleaf forest where open canopy conditions were restored by partial cutting. Six pairs of identically sized (40 × 40 m) clearings were created in closed canopy thermophilous oak forest. Each pair included a clearing isolated in the closed forest and a clearing connected to an alluvial meadow and migration corridor along a river. Within each clearing, we followed colonization success by threatened and common species for 8 years. To assess the relative role of species pool, dispersal limitation and niche-based competition processes (viewed through the plant functional traits), we compared vegetation composition of the clearings to that of surrounding habitats (closed forest, open forest, meadow, forest edge). Clearings hosted more threatened species than closed forests, forest edges and meadows. Existing patches of open forest harboured the highest diversity of threatened species. Their proximity increased colonization success of threatened plants in clearings. Higher colonization rates by threatened plants were associated with shorter distances to source habitats and higher light, higher pH and lower moisture values in the clearings. Clearing type affected composition and ecological strategies of threatened species. Connected clearings were colonized by taller light-demanding species with higher seed mass, more suitable for establishment in a highly competitive environment, while the isolated clearings were colonized by shorter species with higher specific leaf area, better equipped for a more shaded environment. Species richness of threatened species increased in the first 3 years and decreased in last years, indicating that forest thinning creates only a short-term regeneration window with tree and shrub canopy closing back relatively fast. Active intervention should be therefore repeated in short intervals, preferably as shifting mosaics of differently aged stands. Our results bring novel information on the relative importance of habitat quality, isolation, and biotic filtering on communities of threatened species and their colonization success. More... »

PAGES

3411-3427

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10531-020-02030-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-02030-5

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111 relative roles
112 results
113 richness
114 role
115 seed mass
116 short distances
117 short intervals
118 shorter species
119 shrub canopies
120 source habitats
121 species
122 species pool
123 species richness
124 specific leaf area
125 stands
126 strategies
127 success
128 suitable habitat
129 thermophilous oak forests
130 thinning
131 trees
132 types
133 unresolved questions
134 values
135 vegetation composition
136 window
137 woodland plants
138 years
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