Determinants of invasion by single versus multiple plant species in temperate lowland forests View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-23

AUTHORS

Vojtěch Lanta, Pierre Liancourt, Jan Altman, Tomáš Černý, Miroslav Dvorský, Pavel Fibich, Lars Götzenberger, Ondřej Hornych, Jan Miklín, Petr Petřík, Petr Pyšek, Lukáš Čížek, Jiří Doležal

ABSTRACT

Invasions of alien plants pose a serious threat to native biodiversity and ecosystem processes. Forests are considered more resistant to invasion due to limited light availability in understories. However, disturbance and abiotic stress may open tree canopies and promote invasion. Their combined effects together with the resistance of resident species may determine the numbers and abundances of invasive species. Here we explore how canopy openness, water stress, and taxonomic and functional properties of resident communities affect the invasion by a frequent single invasive species (Aster lanceolatus and Impatiens parviflora) compared to that by multiple invaders in Central European lowland forests. Different abiotic factors and species-specific mechanisms of invasiveness determined the success of single versus multiple invaders. The massive spread of A. lanceolatus was associated with the long-distance seed dispersal and exploitation of available resources by fast growth resulting in formations of compact clonal patches in disturbed, open-canopy floodplain forests. The success of I. parviflora was caused by avoiding competition via tolerating less favorable conditions under the dense tree canopy on drier sandy soils. A. lanceolatus thus suppressed resident species richness, while I. parviflora spread in communities of higher functional and phylogenetic diversity. Multiple invasive species, mostly represented by subordinate species with low cover, colonized forests that were rich in resident species. We conclude that a combination of intense disturbance and stress favor the invasion of single dominant species that act as drivers of changes in native communities. Multiple invasive species colonize forests with less extreme conditions acting more as passengers who increase rather than decrease forest diversity. More... »

PAGES

2513-2528

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10530-022-02793-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-022-02793-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147342559


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18 schema:description Invasions of alien plants pose a serious threat to native biodiversity and ecosystem processes. Forests are considered more resistant to invasion due to limited light availability in understories. However, disturbance and abiotic stress may open tree canopies and promote invasion. Their combined effects together with the resistance of resident species may determine the numbers and abundances of invasive species. Here we explore how canopy openness, water stress, and taxonomic and functional properties of resident communities affect the invasion by a frequent single invasive species (Aster lanceolatus and Impatiens parviflora) compared to that by multiple invaders in Central European lowland forests. Different abiotic factors and species-specific mechanisms of invasiveness determined the success of single versus multiple invaders. The massive spread of A. lanceolatus was associated with the long-distance seed dispersal and exploitation of available resources by fast growth resulting in formations of compact clonal patches in disturbed, open-canopy floodplain forests. The success of I. parviflora was caused by avoiding competition via tolerating less favorable conditions under the dense tree canopy on drier sandy soils. A. lanceolatus thus suppressed resident species richness, while I. parviflora spread in communities of higher functional and phylogenetic diversity. Multiple invasive species, mostly represented by subordinate species with low cover, colonized forests that were rich in resident species. We conclude that a combination of intense disturbance and stress favor the invasion of single dominant species that act as drivers of changes in native communities. Multiple invasive species colonize forests with less extreme conditions acting more as passengers who increase rather than decrease forest diversity.
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24 schema:keywords A. lanceolatus
25 Central European lowland forests
26 European lowland forests
27 I. parviflora
28 abiotic factors
29 abiotic stresses
30 abundance
31 alien plants
32 availability
33 available resources
34 biodiversity
35 canopy
36 changes
37 clonal patches
38 combination
39 community
40 competition
41 conditions
42 cover
43 dense tree canopy
44 determinants
45 determinants of invasion
46 different abiotic factors
47 dispersal
48 disturbances
49 diversity
50 dominant species
51 drivers
52 drivers of change
53 dry sandy soils
54 ecosystem processes
55 effect
56 exploitation
57 extreme conditions
58 factors
59 fast growth
60 favorable conditions
61 floodplain forests
62 forest
63 forest diversity
64 formation
65 functional properties
66 growth
67 intense disturbance
68 invaders
69 invasion
70 invasive species
71 invasiveness
72 lanceolatus
73 light availability
74 limited light availability
75 long-distance seed dispersal
76 low cover
77 lowland forests
78 massive spread
79 mechanism
80 multiple invaders
81 multiple invasive species
82 multiple plant species
83 native biodiversity
84 native communities
85 number
86 openness
87 parviflora
88 passengers
89 patches
90 phylogenetic diversity
91 plant species
92 plants
93 process
94 properties
95 resident community
96 resident species
97 resident species richness
98 resistance
99 resources
100 richness
101 sandy soil
102 seed dispersal
103 serious threat
104 single dominant species
105 single invasive species
106 soil
107 species
108 species richness
109 species-specific mechanisms
110 spread
111 stress
112 subordinate species
113 success
114 temperate lowland forest
115 threat
116 tree canopy
117 understory
118 water stress
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