Invasive plants decrease microbial capacity to nitrify and denitrify compared to native California grassland communities View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-06-29

AUTHORS

Chelsea J. Carey, Joseph C. Blankinship, Valerie T. Eviner, Carolyn M. Malmstrom, Stephen C. Hart

ABSTRACT

Exotic plant invasions are a major driver of global environmental change that can significantly alter the availability of limiting nutrients such as nitrogen (N). Beginning with European colonization of California, native grasslands were replaced almost entirely by annual exotic grasses, many of which are now so ubiquitous that they are considered part of the regional flora (“naturalized”). A new wave of invasive plants, such as Aegilops triuncialis (Barb goatgrass) and Elymus caput-medusae (Medusahead), continue to spread throughout the state today. To determine whether these new-wave invasive plants alter soil N dynamics, we measured inorganic N pools, nitrification and denitrification potentials, and possible mediating factors such as microbial biomass and soil pH in experimental grasslands comprised of A. triuncialis and E. caput-medusae. We compared these measurements with those from experimental grasslands containing: (1) native annuals and perennials and (2) naturalized exotic annuals. We found that A. triuncialis and E. caput-medusae significantly reduced ion-exchange resin estimates of nitrate (NO3−) availability as well as nitrification and denitrification potentials compared to native communities. Active microbial biomass was also lower in invaded soils. In contrast, potential measurements of nitrification and denitrification were similar between invaded and naturalized communities. These results suggest that invasion by A. triuncialis and E. caput-medusae may significantly alter the capacity for soil microbial communities to nitrify or denitrify, and by extension alter soil N availability and rates of N transformations during invasion of remnant native-dominated sites. More... »

PAGES

2941-2957

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-05-11. Invasion by Aegilops triuncialis (Barb Goatgrass) Slows Carbon and Nutrient Cycling in a Serpentine Grassland in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
  • 2016-06-11. Species-specific effects of plant invasions on activity, biomass, and composition of soil microbial communities in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2006-04-21. Exotic plants establish persistent communities in PLANT ECOLOGY
  • 1989. The Components of Nitrogen Availability Assessments in Forest Soils in SOIL RESTORATION
  • 1991-01. Nitrogen limitation on land and in the sea: How can it occur? in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2014-04-08. Plant–soil feedbacks of exotic plant species across life forms: a meta-analysis in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
  • 2007-06-27. Soil Microbial Community Associated with an Invasive Grass Differentially Impacts Native Plant Performance in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2003-09-09. Effects of Exotic Plant Invasions on Soil Nutrient Cycling Processes in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2006-03. Two Invasive Plants Alter Soil Microbial Community Composition in Serpentine Grasslands in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
  • 2005-10. Plant Colonizers Shape Early N-dynamics in Gopher-mounds in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2011-04-15. Plant-induced changes in soil nutrient dynamics by native and invasive grass species in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2001-06. The structure of microbial communities in soil and the lasting impact of cultivation in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1988-03. The use of ion-exchange resin bags for measuring nutrient availability in an arid ecosystem in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2014-11-20. Smooth brome changes gross soil nitrogen cycling processes during invasion of a rough fescue grassland in PLANT ECOLOGY
  • 2013-11-20. Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time in NATURE
  • 2004-08-03. Competitive impacts and responses of an invasive weed: dependencies on nitrogen and phosphorus availability in OECOLOGIA
  • 2011-02-08. Niche construction by the invasive Asian knotweeds (species complex Fallopia): impact on activity, abundance and community structure of denitrifiers and nitrifiers in BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10530-017-1497-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-017-1497-y

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