Introduced earthworms in agricultural and reclaimed land: their ecology and influences on soil properties, plant production and other soil biota View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-09

AUTHORS

G. H. Baker, G. Brown, K. Butt, J. P. Curry, J. Scullion

ABSTRACT

Accidental and deliberate introductions of earthworms into agricultural and reclaimed land are natural experiments that provide opportunities to understand the attributes of successful invaders and their impacts on local biota and ecosystem processes. We consider various case studies (e.g., earthworm invasions in agricultural soils in Australia and Brazil) and deliberate introductions of earthworms into reclaimed mine sites, landfills and cutaway peat in the U.K. and Ireland. Invasions of exotic earthworms, such as European Lumbricidae in Australia, have been geographically extensive, but remain very patchy at regional and field scales. Their impacts on soil properties, plant production and other biota are therefore also likely to be patchy. Various methods have been developed to deliberately inoculate exotic earthworms into disturbed lands, with varying degrees of success. The factors controlling success are, in general, poorly understood. A broad range of impacts of invasive earthworms on soil properties (e.g., soil structure, nutrient availability, burial of surface materials, incidence of root diseases) and plant yield and quality have been reported. Less is known of the impacts of invasive earthworms on other soil fauna, but they are likely to occur due to alterations in food availability and habitat structure. Influences on other biota are likely to extend to aboveground communities as well as those belowground. Introductions of earthworms to disturbed lands can yield substantial benefits in agricultural productivity and amelioration of soil degradation. However, the potential impact of the promotion or control of such introductions on non-target biota and ecosystem processes in pristine ecosystems nearby should be considered. More... »

PAGES

1301-1316

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10530-006-9024-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-006-9024-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051325982


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