Combination of Simple Sequence Repeat, S-Locus Polymorphism and Phenotypic Data for Identification of Tunisian Plum Species (Prunus spp.). View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04-12

AUTHORS

Ghada Baraket, Donia Abdallah, Sana Ben Mustapha, Hend Ben Tamarzizt, Amel Salhi-Hannachi

ABSTRACT

Plums (Prunus spp.) are among the first fruit tree species that attracted human interest. Artificial crosses between wild and domesticated species of plums are still paving the way for creation of new phenotypic variability. In Tunisia, despite a considerable varietal richness of plum as well as a high economic value, the plum sector is experiencing a significant regression. The main reason of this regression is the absence of a national program of plum conservation. Hence, this work was aimed to phenotypically and genetically characterize 23 Tunisian plum accessions to preserve this patrimony. Closely related Prunus species from the same subgenus may be differing at two characteristics: ploidy level and phenotypic traits. In this study, single sequence repeat (SSR) markers allowed distinguishing between eighteen diploid accessions and five polyploid accessions, but SSR data alone precluded unambiguous ploidy estimation due to homozygosity. In contrast, S-allele markers were useful to identify the ploidy level between polyploid species, but they did not distinguish species with the same ploidy level. Seven out of 12 phenotypic traits were shown to be discriminant traits for plum species identification. Molecular and phenotypic traits were significantly correlated and revealed a powerful tool to draw taxonomic and genotypic keys. The results obtained in this work are of great importance for local Tunisian plum germplasm management. More... »

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-07. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2017-02. Simple Sequence Repeat and S-locus Genotyping to Explore Genetic Variability in Polyploid Prunus spinosa and P. insititia in BIOCHEMICAL GENETICS
  • 2002-07. Development of microsatellite markers in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] and their use in genetic diversity analysis in peach and sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2006-08. Molecular Characterization of Local Spanish Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Germplasm in GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
  • 1999-07. AC/GT and AG/CT microsatellite repeats in peach [Prunus persica (L) Batsch]: isolation, characterisation and cross-species amplification in Prunus in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2000-08. Characterization of microsatellite markers in peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2014-06. Morphological characterization of Prunus scoparia using multivariate analysis in PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION
  • 2014-02. Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) and Mendelian Trait Loci (MTL) Analysis in Prunus: a Breeding Perspective and Beyond in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER
  • 2006-03. Isolation of S-locus F-box alleles in Prunus avium and their application in a novel method to determine self-incompatibility genotype in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994. The European Prunus mapping project in PROGRESS IN TEMPERATE FRUIT BREEDING
  • 1996-06. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): Species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication in GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
  • 2016-02. Identification, Evolutionary Patterns and Intragenic Recombination of the Gametophytic Self Incompatibility Pollen Gene (SFB) in Tunisian Prunus Species (Rosaceae) in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10528-019-09922-4

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    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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    36 schema:description Plums (Prunus spp.) are among the first fruit tree species that attracted human interest. Artificial crosses between wild and domesticated species of plums are still paving the way for creation of new phenotypic variability. In Tunisia, despite a considerable varietal richness of plum as well as a high economic value, the plum sector is experiencing a significant regression. The main reason of this regression is the absence of a national program of plum conservation. Hence, this work was aimed to phenotypically and genetically characterize 23 Tunisian plum accessions to preserve this patrimony. Closely related Prunus species from the same subgenus may be differing at two characteristics: ploidy level and phenotypic traits. In this study, single sequence repeat (SSR) markers allowed distinguishing between eighteen diploid accessions and five polyploid accessions, but SSR data alone precluded unambiguous ploidy estimation due to homozygosity. In contrast, S-allele markers were useful to identify the ploidy level between polyploid species, but they did not distinguish species with the same ploidy level. Seven out of 12 phenotypic traits were shown to be discriminant traits for plum species identification. Molecular and phenotypic traits were significantly correlated and revealed a powerful tool to draw taxonomic and genotypic keys. The results obtained in this work are of great importance for local Tunisian plum germplasm management.
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