Synthetic glycosidated phospholipids induce apoptosis through activation of FADD, caspase-8 and the mitochondrial death pathway View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-06

AUTHORS

Clarissa von Haefen, Jana Wendt, Geo Semini, Marco Sifringer, Claus Belka, Silke Radetzki, Werner Reutter, Peter T. Daniel, Kerstin Danker

ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is modulated by extrinsic and intrinsic signaling pathways through the formation of the death receptor-mediated death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) and the mitochondrial-derived apoptosome, respectively. Ino-C2-PAF, a novel synthetic phospholipid shows impressive antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing activity. Little is known about the signaling pathway through which it stimulates apoptosis. Here, we show that this drug induces apoptosis through proteins of the death receptor pathway, which leads to an activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Apoptosis induced by Ino-C2-PAF and its glucosidated derivate, Glc-PAF, was dependent on the DISC components FADD and caspase-8. This can be inhibited in FADD--/-- and caspase-8--/-- cells, in which the breakdown of the mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c and activation of caspase-9, -8 and -3 do not occur. In addition, the overexpression of crmA, c-Flip or dominant negative FADD as well as treatment with the caspase-8 inhibitor z-IETD-fmk protected against Ino-C2-PAF-induced apoptosis. Apoptosis proceeds in the absence of CD95/Fas-ligand expression and is independent of blockade of a putative death-ligand/receptor interaction. Furthermore, apoptosis cannot be inhibited in CD95/Fas--/-- Jurkat cells. Expression of Bcl-2 in either the mitochondria or the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) strongly inhibited Ino-C2-PAF- and Glc-PAF-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, Ino-C2-PAF and Glc-PAF trigger a CD95/Fas ligand- and receptor-independent atypical DISC that relies on the intrinsic apoptotic pathway via the ER and the mitochondria. More... »

PAGES

636

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10495-011-0592-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10495-011-0592-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048289097

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21437721


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