Kampinos National Park: a risk area for spotted fever group rickettsioses, central Poland? View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-09-08

AUTHORS

Joanna Stańczak, Beata Biernat, Anna Matyjasek, Maria Racewicz, Marta Zalewska, Daria Lewandowska

ABSTRACT

Ixodid ticks are important vectors of a variety of bacterial and protozoan pathogens which cause infections in humans. In this study, altogether 1041 questing Ixodes ricinus (n = 305) and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (n = 736), sympatrically occurring in Kampinos National Park (KPN), central-east Poland, were analyzed by PCR for Rickettsia species. Overall, the pathogen prevalence in ticks was 27.5 % for I. ricinus and 42.8 % for D. reticulatus. Sequencing analysis showed that the first tick species was exclusively infected with R. helvetica, whereas the latter was infected with R. raoultii. These organism may pose a threat for populations exposed to ticks. Preliminary results of a serosurvey of 74 KPN employees, inhabitants and visitors from the same area showed a 31.1 % total seroprevalence against SFG rickettsiae compared to 13.3 % seropositive blood donors of the control group. Risk factors significantly associated with IgG seropositivity were: occupational exposure to ticks (p = 0.002), frequency of tick bites (p = 0.02) and male gender (p = 0.005). Seropositive and seronegative individuals occupationally exposed to ticks did not differ significantly with respect to age and years of employment. More... »

PAGES

395-410

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2010-08-04. Detection and prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia helvetica in Ixodes ricinus ticks in seven study areas in Sweden in PARASITES & VECTORS
  • 2003-04. Serosurvey among Mediterranean spotted fever patients of a new spotted fever group rickettsial strain (Bar29) in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
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  • 2012-03-06. Rickettsia slovaca and Rickettsia raoultii in Dermacentor marginatus and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks from Slovak Republic in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • 2015-06-29. Seasonal analysis of Rickettsia species in ticks in an agricultural site of Slovakia in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10493-016-0083-9

    DOI

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    DIMENSIONS

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    43 schema:description Ixodid ticks are important vectors of a variety of bacterial and protozoan pathogens which cause infections in humans. In this study, altogether 1041 questing Ixodes ricinus (n = 305) and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (n = 736), sympatrically occurring in Kampinos National Park (KPN), central-east Poland, were analyzed by PCR for Rickettsia species. Overall, the pathogen prevalence in ticks was 27.5 % for I. ricinus and 42.8 % for D. reticulatus. Sequencing analysis showed that the first tick species was exclusively infected with R. helvetica, whereas the latter was infected with R. raoultii. These organism may pose a threat for populations exposed to ticks. Preliminary results of a serosurvey of 74 KPN employees, inhabitants and visitors from the same area showed a 31.1 % total seroprevalence against SFG rickettsiae compared to 13.3 % seropositive blood donors of the control group. Risk factors significantly associated with IgG seropositivity were: occupational exposure to ticks (p = 0.002), frequency of tick bites (p = 0.02) and male gender (p = 0.005). Seropositive and seronegative individuals occupationally exposed to ticks did not differ significantly with respect to age and years of employment.
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