Continuous versions of firefly algorithm: a review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Surafel Luleseged Tilahun, Jean Medard T. Ngnotchouye, Nawaf N. Hamadneh

ABSTRACT

Firefly algorithm is a swarm based metaheuristic algorithm designed for continuous optimization problems. It works by following better solutions and also with a random search mechanism. It has been successfully used in different problems arising in different disciplines and also modified for discrete problems. Unlike its easiness to understand and to implement; its effectiveness is highly affected by the parameter values. In addition modifying the search mechanism may give better performance. Hence different modified versions are introduced to overcome its limitations and increase its performance. In this paper, the modifications done on firefly algorithm for continuous optimization problems will be reviewed with a critical analysis. A detailed discussion on the modifications with possible future works will also be presented. In addition a comparative study will be conducted using forty benchmark problems with different dimensions based on ten base functions. The result shows that some of the modified versions produce superior results with a tradeoff of high computational time. Hence, this result will help practitioners to decide which modified version to apply based on the computational resource available and the sensitivity of the problem. More... »

PAGES

445-492

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009. Firefly Algorithm for Continuous Constrained Optimization Tasks in COMPUTATIONAL COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE. SEMANTIC WEB, SOCIAL NETWORKS AND MULTIAGENT SYSTEMS
  • 2014. Intelligent Firefly Algorithm for Global Optimization in CUCKOO SEARCH AND FIREFLY ALGORITHM
  • 2013. An Adaptive Approach for Content Based Image Retrieval Using Gaussian Firefly Algorithm in EMERGING INTELLIGENT COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 2013-04. Multiobjective firefly algorithm for continuous optimization in ENGINEERING WITH COMPUTERS
  • 2017-02. Firefly algorithm for discrete optimization problems: A survey in KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
  • 2005. Evolutionary Optimization of Music Performance Annotation in COMPUTER MUSIC MODELING AND RETRIEVAL
  • 2016-06. Development of firefly algorithm via chaotic sequence and population diversity to enhance the image contrast in NATURAL COMPUTING
  • 2016-04. A modified firefly algorithm based on light intensity difference in JOURNAL OF COMBINATORIAL OPTIMIZATION
  • 2015-06. Optimal Remediation Design of Unconfined Contaminated Aquifers Based on the Finite Element Method and a Modified Firefly Algorithm in WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  • 2015-07. Enhancing firefly algorithm using generalized opposition-based learning in COMPUTING
  • 2012. A New Algorithm for Multilevel Optimization Problems Using Evolutionary Strategy, Inspired by Natural Adaptation in PRICAI 2012: TRENDS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • 2009-10-19. Firefly Algorithm, Lévy Flights and Global Optimization in RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS XXVI
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090650865


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Numerical and Computational Mathematics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/01", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Mathematical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Zululand", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, 3886, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Tilahun", 
            "givenName": "Surafel Luleseged", 
            "id": "sg:person.016013314153.72", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016013314153.72"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of KwaZulu-Natal", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16463.36", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, 3209, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ngnotchouye", 
            "givenName": "Jean Medard T.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015264046753.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015264046753.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Saudi Electronic University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.449598.d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Basic Sciences, College of Science and Theoretical Studies, Saudi Electronic University, 11673, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hamadneh", 
            "givenName": "Nawaf N.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0722561707.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722561707.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/832718", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002284247"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/587103", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002793003"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39678-6_36", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002805682", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39678-6_36"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11047-015-9496-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005893382", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11047-015-9496-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/08839514.2014.862773", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007394482"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.swevo.2013.06.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007710829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/561394", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008156527"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2015.04.065", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009062996"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2012.05.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009315195"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10878-014-9809-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009586313", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10878-014-9809-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32695-0_51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009719022", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32695-0_51"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/aco.0b013e3283126cf3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011783244"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011910082", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011910082", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014414574", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014414574", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1108/k-11-2013-0241", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016340558"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112634", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018009088"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.06.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018819743"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2014.3383", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021070220"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2012.2183", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021446377"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1570-7946(10)28145-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025274327"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4236/am.2012.330215", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025389637"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knosys.2013.01.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025971294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00366-012-0254-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026030083", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-012-0254-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5772/62472", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028343757"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-02141-6_15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028540648", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02141-6_15"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.11.030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030089228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1412661112", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030946501"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-1354(90)87072-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034900072"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2013.06.070", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035078205"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-015-0976-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035307904", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-015-0976-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/467631", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035575049"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2014.03.053", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037113684"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.08.054", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037393036"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00607-015-0456-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042487574", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00607-015-0456-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2012.840.847", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043229535"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043644427", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045387282", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045387282", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2013.02.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049494781"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2478/aee-2013-0051", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049890991"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4018/ijncr.2014010103", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049977694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2007.06.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050078546"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnsns.2012.06.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053122524"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnsns.2012.06.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053122524"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.12.013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053259999"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219622014010019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063001224"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.3.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067238899"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.3.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067238899"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.14419/ijamr.v1i4.200", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067301687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2011.039907", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2016.078663", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmic.2013.052298", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067474317"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmmno.2013.055204", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067475919"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1504/ijor.2013.050541", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067484130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v81n187.46761", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067840994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i1/52310", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068336648"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i23/72264", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068337543"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.19026/rjaset.7.757", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068740498"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3311/ppee.8579", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071140405"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4304/jcp.8.9.2256-2261", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072447815"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7307/ptt.v24i3.311", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073684905"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7753/ijcatr0401.1014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074026965"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7763/ijmlc.2011.v1.67", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074037871"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2017.04.044", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085145164"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/icnn.1995.488968", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093669333"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/icrito.2014.7014717", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093955496"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/pecon.2012.6450197", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094081976"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/iccke.2013.6682839", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094667634"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/ic3.2013.6612181", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094990617"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/iccect.2012.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095367700"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/epdc.2013.6565962", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1096200945"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413357.245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1097148007"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.268", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099218222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.268", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099218222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2478/v10175-012-0049-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103897796"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-01", 
        "description": "Firefly algorithm is a swarm based metaheuristic algorithm designed for continuous optimization problems. It works by following better solutions and also with a random search mechanism. It has been successfully used in different problems arising in different disciplines and also modified for discrete problems. Unlike its easiness to understand and to implement; its effectiveness is highly affected by the parameter values. In addition modifying the search mechanism may give better performance. Hence different modified versions are introduced to overcome its limitations and increase its performance. In this paper, the modifications done on firefly algorithm for continuous optimization problems will be reviewed with a critical analysis. A detailed discussion on the modifications with possible future works will also be presented. In addition a comparative study will be conducted using forty benchmark problems with different dimensions based on ten base functions. The result shows that some of the modified versions produce superior results with a tradeoff of high computational time. Hence, this result will help practitioners to decide which modified version to apply based on the computational resource available and the sensitivity of the problem.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1126843", 
            "issn": [
              "0269-2821", 
              "1573-7462"
            ], 
            "name": "Artificial Intelligence Review", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "51"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Continuous versions of firefly algorithm: a review", 
        "pagination": "445-492", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "032f6b91fe536b4158fe45a85894bac44455e1bf25e2a8c4d139d0e136320539"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1090650865"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090650865"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:51", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000371_0000000371/records_130797_00000005.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10462-017-9568-0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    306 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      98 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:01
    2 anzsrc-for:0103
    3 schema:author Ne8b44a31b9964b10811eb2d4efa3dadf
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-02141-6_15
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32695-0_51
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39678-6_36
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00366-012-0254-1
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00607-015-0456-7
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s10878-014-9809-y
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s11047-015-9496-3
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-015-0976-0
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-1354(90)87072-w
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2015.04.065
    18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2017.04.044
    19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2012.05.007
    20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnsns.2012.06.009
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.11.030
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.12.013
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2013.06.070
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2014.03.053
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.06.024
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.08.054
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2007.06.022
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knosys.2013.01.004
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2013.02.011
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.swevo.2013.06.001
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1570-7946(10)28145-2
    32 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413357.245
    33 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1412661112
    34 https://doi.org/10.1080/08839514.2014.862773
    35 https://doi.org/10.1097/aco.0b013e3283126cf3
    36 https://doi.org/10.1108/k-11-2013-0241
    37 https://doi.org/10.1109/epdc.2013.6565962
    38 https://doi.org/10.1109/ic3.2013.6612181
    39 https://doi.org/10.1109/iccect.2012.38
    40 https://doi.org/10.1109/iccke.2013.6682839
    41 https://doi.org/10.1109/icnn.1995.488968
    42 https://doi.org/10.1109/icrito.2014.7014717
    43 https://doi.org/10.1109/pecon.2012.6450197
    44 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219622014010019
    45 https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/467631
    46 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/832718
    47 https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/561394
    48 https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/587103
    49 https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2012.2183
    50 https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2014.3383
    51 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112634
    52 https://doi.org/10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.3.19
    53 https://doi.org/10.14419/ijamr.v1i4.200
    54 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2011.039907
    55 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2016.078663
    56 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmic.2013.052298
    57 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmmno.2013.055204
    58 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijor.2013.050541
    59 https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v81n187.46761
    60 https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i1/52310
    61 https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i23/72264
    62 https://doi.org/10.19026/rjaset.7.757
    63 https://doi.org/10.2478/aee-2013-0051
    64 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10175-012-0049-y
    65 https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.268
    66 https://doi.org/10.3311/ppee.8579
    67 https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2012.840.847
    68 https://doi.org/10.4018/ijncr.2014010103
    69 https://doi.org/10.4236/am.2012.330215
    70 https://doi.org/10.4304/jcp.8.9.2256-2261
    71 https://doi.org/10.5772/62472
    72 https://doi.org/10.7307/ptt.v24i3.311
    73 https://doi.org/10.7753/ijcatr0401.1014
    74 https://doi.org/10.7763/ijmlc.2011.v1.67
    75 schema:datePublished 2019-03
    76 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-01
    77 schema:description Firefly algorithm is a swarm based metaheuristic algorithm designed for continuous optimization problems. It works by following better solutions and also with a random search mechanism. It has been successfully used in different problems arising in different disciplines and also modified for discrete problems. Unlike its easiness to understand and to implement; its effectiveness is highly affected by the parameter values. In addition modifying the search mechanism may give better performance. Hence different modified versions are introduced to overcome its limitations and increase its performance. In this paper, the modifications done on firefly algorithm for continuous optimization problems will be reviewed with a critical analysis. A detailed discussion on the modifications with possible future works will also be presented. In addition a comparative study will be conducted using forty benchmark problems with different dimensions based on ten base functions. The result shows that some of the modified versions produce superior results with a tradeoff of high computational time. Hence, this result will help practitioners to decide which modified version to apply based on the computational resource available and the sensitivity of the problem.
    78 schema:genre research_article
    79 schema:inLanguage en
    80 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    81 schema:isPartOf N7a8f64f7e2b449bda9296aa64d820e5f
    82 N7d077e330ca548b6970e7793263559f5
    83 sg:journal.1126843
    84 schema:name Continuous versions of firefly algorithm: a review
    85 schema:pagination 445-492
    86 schema:productId N8422d548b8f0479c9beb0d68e8f2066a
    87 N8c11eb9c586341dba30b5babaa6f88cd
    88 Nec0f829f8c154ac98dec162b4f290eee
    89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090650865
    90 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0
    91 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:51
    92 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    93 schema:sdPublisher Nabe19ff4f85b4b6f8f1f6910670e16e7
    94 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10462-017-9568-0
    95 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    96 sgo:sdDataset articles
    97 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    98 N7a8f64f7e2b449bda9296aa64d820e5f schema:issueNumber 3
    99 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    100 N7d077e330ca548b6970e7793263559f5 schema:volumeNumber 51
    101 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    102 N8422d548b8f0479c9beb0d68e8f2066a schema:name dimensions_id
    103 schema:value pub.1090650865
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 N85ea5f11d9a34129a1cc9910d9fe7432 rdf:first sg:person.0722561707.38
    106 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    107 N8c11eb9c586341dba30b5babaa6f88cd schema:name doi
    108 schema:value 10.1007/s10462-017-9568-0
    109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    110 Nabe19ff4f85b4b6f8f1f6910670e16e7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    111 rdf:type schema:Organization
    112 Ne416d809f6dc4da0ab5ec4e3f6f45048 rdf:first sg:person.015264046753.38
    113 rdf:rest N85ea5f11d9a34129a1cc9910d9fe7432
    114 Ne8b44a31b9964b10811eb2d4efa3dadf rdf:first sg:person.016013314153.72
    115 rdf:rest Ne416d809f6dc4da0ab5ec4e3f6f45048
    116 Nec0f829f8c154ac98dec162b4f290eee schema:name readcube_id
    117 schema:value 032f6b91fe536b4158fe45a85894bac44455e1bf25e2a8c4d139d0e136320539
    118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    119 anzsrc-for:01 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    120 schema:name Mathematical Sciences
    121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    122 anzsrc-for:0103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    123 schema:name Numerical and Computational Mathematics
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 sg:journal.1126843 schema:issn 0269-2821
    126 1573-7462
    127 schema:name Artificial Intelligence Review
    128 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    129 sg:person.015264046753.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16463.36
    130 schema:familyName Ngnotchouye
    131 schema:givenName Jean Medard T.
    132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015264046753.38
    133 rdf:type schema:Person
    134 sg:person.016013314153.72 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6
    135 schema:familyName Tilahun
    136 schema:givenName Surafel Luleseged
    137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016013314153.72
    138 rdf:type schema:Person
    139 sg:person.0722561707.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.449598.d
    140 schema:familyName Hamadneh
    141 schema:givenName Nawaf N.
    142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0722561707.38
    143 rdf:type schema:Person
    144 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011910082
    145 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84882-983-1_15
    146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    147 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-02141-6_15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028540648
    148 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02141-6_15
    149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    150 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045387282
    151 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-31807-1_25
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043644427
    154 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04441-0_8
    155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    156 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-32695-0_51 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009719022
    157 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32695-0_51
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-39678-6_36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002805682
    160 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39678-6_36
    161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    162 sg:pub.10.1007/s00366-012-0254-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026030083
    163 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-012-0254-1
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 sg:pub.10.1007/s00607-015-0456-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042487574
    166 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00607-015-0456-7
    167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    168 sg:pub.10.1007/s10878-014-9809-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009586313
    169 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10878-014-9809-y
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 sg:pub.10.1007/s11047-015-9496-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005893382
    172 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11047-015-9496-3
    173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    174 sg:pub.10.1007/s11269-015-0976-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035307904
    175 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-015-0976-0
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 sg:pub.10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014414574
    178 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-1501-1
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 https://doi.org/10.1016/0098-1354(90)87072-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034900072
    181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    182 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amc.2015.04.065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009062996
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2017.04.044 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085145164
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.camwa.2012.05.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009315195
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnsns.2012.06.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053122524
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.11.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030089228
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.12.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053259999
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2013.06.070 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035078205
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2014.03.053 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037113684
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.06.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018819743
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2015.08.054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037393036
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2007.06.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050078546
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knosys.2013.01.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025971294
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2013.02.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049494781
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.swevo.2013.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007710829
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1570-7946(10)28145-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025274327
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413357.245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1097148007
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1412661112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030946501
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 https://doi.org/10.1080/08839514.2014.862773 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007394482
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 https://doi.org/10.1097/aco.0b013e3283126cf3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011783244
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 https://doi.org/10.1108/k-11-2013-0241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016340558
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 https://doi.org/10.1109/epdc.2013.6565962 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1096200945
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 https://doi.org/10.1109/ic3.2013.6612181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094990617
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 https://doi.org/10.1109/iccect.2012.38 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1095367700
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://doi.org/10.1109/iccke.2013.6682839 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094667634
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://doi.org/10.1109/icnn.1995.488968 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093669333
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://doi.org/10.1109/icrito.2014.7014717 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093955496
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1109/pecon.2012.6450197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094081976
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219622014010019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063001224
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/467631 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035575049
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/832718 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002284247
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/561394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008156527
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/587103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002793003
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2012.2183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021446377
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2014.3383 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021070220
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112634 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018009088
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.14257/ijsh.2015.9.3.19 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067238899
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.14419/ijamr.v1i4.200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067301687
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2011.039907 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436788
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijbic.2016.078663 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067436958
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmic.2013.052298 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067474317
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijmmno.2013.055204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067475919
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1504/ijor.2013.050541 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067484130
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.15446/dyna.v81n187.46761 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067840994
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i1/52310 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068336648
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i23/72264 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068337543
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.19026/rjaset.7.757 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068740498
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.2478/aee-2013-0051 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049890991
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.2478/v10175-012-0049-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103897796
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099218222
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.3311/ppee.8579 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071140405
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2012.840.847 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043229535
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.4018/ijncr.2014010103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049977694
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.4236/am.2012.330215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025389637
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.4304/jcp.8.9.2256-2261 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072447815
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.5772/62472 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028343757
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.7307/ptt.v24i3.311 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073684905
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.7753/ijcatr0401.1014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074026965
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.7763/ijmlc.2011.v1.67 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074037871
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.16463.36 schema:alternateName University of KwaZulu-Natal
    299 schema:name School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, 3209, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
    300 rdf:type schema:Organization
    301 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442325.6 schema:alternateName University of Zululand
    302 schema:name Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, 3886, KwaDlangezwa, South Africa
    303 rdf:type schema:Organization
    304 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.449598.d schema:alternateName Saudi Electronic University
    305 schema:name Department of Basic Sciences, College of Science and Theoretical Studies, Saudi Electronic University, 11673, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    306 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...