Iron Production in North Pare, Tanzania: Archaeometallurgical and Geoarchaeological Perspectives on Landscape Change View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

L. Iles, D. Stump, M. Heckmann, C. Lang, P. J. Lane

ABSTRACT

Archaeology, archaeometallurgy and geoarchaeology are combined in this research to examine the chronology and development of iron metallurgy and its environmental repercussions in North Pare, Tanzania. Pare was a prominent centre for iron production from at least the second half of the first millennium AD, and it has been assumed that this technology—with its demand for wood charcoal—had a significant and detrimental effect on local forest cover. This research sought to examine this claim by exploring the spatial, chronological and technological characteristics of iron production in Pare in conjunction with geoarchaeological evidence. Contrary to older assumptions, our results demonstrate that erosion processes were well established in North Pare before the documented intensification of smelting and smithing activity, and that iron production continued despite environmental changes. We suggest that although iron production may well have contributed to deforestation and erosion in Pare, it is unlikely to be the sole causal factor. More... »

PAGES

1-24

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-12. The Role of Metallurgy in Transforming Global Forests. in JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10437-018-9312-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10437-018-9312-4

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