Accuracy vs. Precision: Understanding Potential Errors from Radiocarbon Dating on African Landscapes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-06-30

AUTHORS

David K. Wright

ABSTRACT

The application of radiocarbon dating to determine the geochronology of archaeological sites is ubiquitous across the African continent. Accelerator mass spectrometry has made radiocarbon dating the most precise method to determine the death of living organisms that occurred within the last 50,000 years. However, the method is not without limitations and this review article provides Africanist archaeologists with cautionary insights as to when, where, and how to utilize radiocarbon dates. Specifically, the review will concentrate on the potential of carbon reservoirs and recycled organic remains to inflate apparent age estimates, diagenesis of carbon isotopes in variable pH ecologies, and hot-humid climates and non-climate-controlled archives that can compromise the efficacy of samples. Legacy radiocarbon ages must be critically examined for what method was used to generate the age, and calibration radiocarbon ages from critical periods of African prehistory lack precision to resolve significant debates. A multipronged dating strategy and careful selection of radiocarbon sample materials are advocated from the earliest stages of research design. More... »

PAGES

303-319

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1992-01. Fossil diatoms and the mid to late holocene paleolimnology of Lake Turkana, Kenya: a reconnaissance study in JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
  • 1982-08. An inter-laboratory comparison of radiocarbon measurements in tree rings in NATURE
  • 2011-07-01. Age determination of large live trees with inner cavities: radiocarbon dating of Platland tree, a giant African baobab in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 1998. Age Determination of Young Rocks and Artifacts, Physical and Chemical Clocks in Quaternary Geology and Archaeology in NONE
  • 1986-01. Reconstruction of African human diet using bone collagen carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in NATURE
  • 1991-03. The Pastoral Neolithic of East Africa in JOURNAL OF WORLD PREHISTORY
  • 2012-03-15. Uses, management, and population status of the baobab in eastern Burkina Faso in AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS
  • 1992. Radiocarbon Dating of Bone: To Collagen and Beyond in RADIOCARBON AFTER FOUR DECADES
  • 2013-08-02. The freshwater reservoir effect in radiocarbon dating in HERITAGE SCIENCE
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10437-017-9257-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10437-017-9257-z

    DIMENSIONS

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    185 schema:name Department of Archaeology and Art History, College of Humanities, 1 Gwanak-ro, 08826, Seoul, South Korea
    186 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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