Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-01-31

AUTHORS

Faiza Zubair, Syed Kashif Nawaz, Ammara Nawaz, Hasnain Nangyal, Naila Amjad, Muhammad Saleem Khan

ABSTRACT

AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.SubjectsCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of sudden death. CVDs are a major health problem in Pakistan, and the number of patients is increasing daily.AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.MethodA cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the local population of 53 cities in Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 6351 individuals were contacted to collect data using a questionnaire from October 2014 to September 2015. Data were collected directly by meeting the participants or indirectly through relatives and friends.ResultsOf the participants, 49.2% (3127/6351) were male and 50.8% (3224/6351) female. The data showed that 17.5% (1109/6351) of the population had CVDs with 16.6% (519/3127) being male and 18.3% (590/3224) female.ConclusionThis study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area. More... »

PAGES

523-529

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100714667


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412782.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zubair", 
        "givenName": "Faiza", 
        "id": "sg:person.014674307160.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014674307160.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412782.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nawaz", 
        "givenName": "Syed Kashif", 
        "id": "sg:person.01220644151.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01220644151.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440564.7", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nawaz", 
        "givenName": "Ammara", 
        "id": "sg:person.011140140364.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011140140364.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440530.6", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nangyal", 
        "givenName": "Hasnain", 
        "id": "sg:person.016442567240.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016442567240.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440564.7", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Amjad", 
        "givenName": "Naila", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411786.d", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Khan", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad Saleem", 
        "id": "sg:person.016207360345.64", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016207360345.64"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2377-9-58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010072810", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-9-58"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jhh.1001929", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050140719", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001929"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-01-31", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-01-31", 
    "description": "AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.SubjectsCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of sudden death. CVDs are a major health problem in Pakistan, and the number of patients is increasing daily.AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.MethodA cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the local population of 53 cities in Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 6351 individuals were contacted to collect data using a questionnaire from October 2014 to September 2015. Data were collected directly by meeting the participants or indirectly through relatives and friends.ResultsOf the participants, 49.2% (3127/6351) were male and 50.8% (3224/6351) female. The data showed that 17.5% (1109/6351) of the population had CVDs with 16.6% (519/3127) being male and 18.3% (590/3224) female.ConclusionThis study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1107285", 
        "issn": [
          "2198-1833", 
          "1613-2238"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Public Health", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "26"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "cross-sectional study", 
      "risk factors", 
      "cardiovascular disease", 
      "MethodA cross-sectional study", 
      "AimThe purpose", 
      "disease risk factors", 
      "number of patients", 
      "major health problem", 
      "high rate", 
      "present study", 
      "sudden death", 
      "family history", 
      "inactive lifestyle", 
      "health problems", 
      "younger age", 
      "ConclusionThis study", 
      "disease", 
      "morbidity", 
      "mortality", 
      "prevalence", 
      "low levels", 
      "population", 
      "participants", 
      "patients", 
      "study", 
      "CVD", 
      "factors", 
      "ResultsOf", 
      "death", 
      "age", 
      "total", 
      "cause", 
      "questionnaire", 
      "onset", 
      "males", 
      "females", 
      "rate", 
      "lifestyle", 
      "gender", 
      "people", 
      "Pakistan", 
      "data", 
      "individuals", 
      "purpose", 
      "frequency", 
      "Punjab", 
      "relatives", 
      "levels", 
      "history", 
      "activity", 
      "area", 
      "serious problem", 
      "areas of Punjab", 
      "information", 
      "friends", 
      "number", 
      "local population", 
      "problem", 
      "city", 
      "study area", 
      "frequency of CVDs", 
      "SubjectsCardiovascular diseases"
    ], 
    "name": "Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study", 
    "pagination": "523-529", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1100714667"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100714667"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:46", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_763.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

171 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      89 URIs      79 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author Nccffb25bbe2d4f0ca1bec5ac2de75020
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jhh.1001929
5 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2377-9-58
6 schema:datePublished 2018-01-31
7 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-01-31
8 schema:description AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.SubjectsCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of sudden death. CVDs are a major health problem in Pakistan, and the number of patients is increasing daily.AimThe purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.MethodA cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the local population of 53 cities in Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 6351 individuals were contacted to collect data using a questionnaire from October 2014 to September 2015. Data were collected directly by meeting the participants or indirectly through relatives and friends.ResultsOf the participants, 49.2% (3127/6351) were male and 50.8% (3224/6351) female. The data showed that 17.5% (1109/6351) of the population had CVDs with 16.6% (519/3127) being male and 18.3% (590/3224) female.ConclusionThis study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area.
9 schema:genre article
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf N306e5c44cc7f4b318397a7e959cabf13
13 N5c3e54379b8c42368d8f1fe678a2ae71
14 sg:journal.1107285
15 schema:keywords AimThe purpose
16 CVD
17 ConclusionThis study
18 MethodA cross-sectional study
19 Pakistan
20 Punjab
21 ResultsOf
22 SubjectsCardiovascular diseases
23 activity
24 age
25 area
26 areas of Punjab
27 cardiovascular disease
28 cause
29 city
30 cross-sectional study
31 data
32 death
33 disease
34 disease risk factors
35 factors
36 family history
37 females
38 frequency
39 frequency of CVDs
40 friends
41 gender
42 health problems
43 high rate
44 history
45 inactive lifestyle
46 individuals
47 information
48 levels
49 lifestyle
50 local population
51 low levels
52 major health problem
53 males
54 morbidity
55 mortality
56 number
57 number of patients
58 onset
59 participants
60 patients
61 people
62 population
63 present study
64 prevalence
65 problem
66 purpose
67 questionnaire
68 rate
69 relatives
70 risk factors
71 serious problem
72 study
73 study area
74 sudden death
75 total
76 younger age
77 schema:name Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study
78 schema:pagination 523-529
79 schema:productId N6be51531bc3040b3ae94c52aca9ccef8
80 N79b8b9acd63f40288a7ef6e71215c8e0
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100714667
82 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4
83 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:46
84 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
85 schema:sdPublisher N9adeb1f3c70b491082172a0df82b3502
86 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4
87 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
88 sgo:sdDataset articles
89 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
90 N306e5c44cc7f4b318397a7e959cabf13 schema:issueNumber 5
91 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
92 N3b1704db1bbc43e1b727ef0dd10aff6d rdf:first sg:person.016442567240.68
93 rdf:rest N891114c6f279453c9a280a0d89d10916
94 N511581fe363f4135b5f5c12dca869194 rdf:first sg:person.016207360345.64
95 rdf:rest rdf:nil
96 N57c7ea97df35465fbb7c7183cc8b911a schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440564.7
97 schema:familyName Amjad
98 schema:givenName Naila
99 rdf:type schema:Person
100 N5c3e54379b8c42368d8f1fe678a2ae71 schema:volumeNumber 26
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
102 N64f739036ca3473088fce3d8fe492da5 rdf:first sg:person.01220644151.79
103 rdf:rest Ne62f2a4affd8445690106b8e159fc606
104 N6be51531bc3040b3ae94c52aca9ccef8 schema:name doi
105 schema:value 10.1007/s10389-018-0898-4
106 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
107 N79b8b9acd63f40288a7ef6e71215c8e0 schema:name dimensions_id
108 schema:value pub.1100714667
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 N891114c6f279453c9a280a0d89d10916 rdf:first N57c7ea97df35465fbb7c7183cc8b911a
111 rdf:rest N511581fe363f4135b5f5c12dca869194
112 N9adeb1f3c70b491082172a0df82b3502 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
113 rdf:type schema:Organization
114 Nccffb25bbe2d4f0ca1bec5ac2de75020 rdf:first sg:person.014674307160.17
115 rdf:rest N64f739036ca3473088fce3d8fe492da5
116 Ne62f2a4affd8445690106b8e159fc606 rdf:first sg:person.011140140364.18
117 rdf:rest N3b1704db1bbc43e1b727ef0dd10aff6d
118 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
119 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 sg:journal.1107285 schema:issn 1613-2238
125 2198-1833
126 schema:name Journal of Public Health
127 schema:publisher Springer Nature
128 rdf:type schema:Periodical
129 sg:person.011140140364.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440564.7
130 schema:familyName Nawaz
131 schema:givenName Ammara
132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011140140364.18
133 rdf:type schema:Person
134 sg:person.01220644151.79 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412782.a
135 schema:familyName Nawaz
136 schema:givenName Syed Kashif
137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01220644151.79
138 rdf:type schema:Person
139 sg:person.014674307160.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412782.a
140 schema:familyName Zubair
141 schema:givenName Faiza
142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014674307160.17
143 rdf:type schema:Person
144 sg:person.016207360345.64 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411786.d
145 schema:familyName Khan
146 schema:givenName Muhammad Saleem
147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016207360345.64
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 sg:person.016442567240.68 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440530.6
150 schema:familyName Nangyal
151 schema:givenName Hasnain
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016442567240.68
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.jhh.1001929 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050140719
155 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jhh.1001929
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2377-9-58 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010072810
158 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2377-9-58
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 grid-institutes:grid.411786.d schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
161 schema:name Department of Zoology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
162 rdf:type schema:Organization
163 grid-institutes:grid.412782.a schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
164 schema:name Department of Zoology, University Of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
165 rdf:type schema:Organization
166 grid-institutes:grid.440530.6 schema:alternateName Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan
167 schema:name Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan
168 rdf:type schema:Organization
169 grid-institutes:grid.440564.7 schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan
170 schema:name Department of Zoology, University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus, Punjab, Pakistan
171 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...