Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy versus definitive chemoradiotherapy in resectable stage II/III (T1-3N0, 1M0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-09

AUTHORS

Matsuo Nagata, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Osamu Kainuma, Akihiro Cho, Mikito Mori, Sohichi Narumoto, Takehide Asano, Kazuo Hatano

ABSTRACT

There are two intensive modalities for the treatment of resectable esophageal carcinoma: esophagectomy and definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Esophagectomy with preoperative CRT was retrospectively compared with CRT alone in resectable stage II/III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Seventy-four patients with resectable stage II/III (T1-3N0, 1M0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were treated with preoperative CRT by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 700 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5, nedaplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1, and concurrent radiation for a total of 30 Gy in 3 weeks. If patients decided to undergo surgery, esophagectomy from the thoracoabdominal approach was carried out 6 weeks after the completion of CRT (CRT + Surg group, n = 51). If patients decided not to undergo surgery, they were treated with one more course of CRT (CRT-alone group, n = 23). There was no significant difference in overall survival between the two groups (P = 0.1006), whereas the disease-free survival in the CRT + Surg group was improved compared with the CRT-alone group (P = 0.0186). In the patients with clinical stage III carcinoma or with regional lymph node metastasis, the overall survival rate was significantly improved in the CRT + Surg group compared with the CRT-alone group. The rate of local failures in the CRT + Surg group was significantly lower compared with the CRT-alone group (P = 0.0011). Preoperative CRT followed by esophagectomy provides better local control, but does not prolong overall survival, compared with definitive CRT. However, in clinical stage III or N1, esophagectomy with preoperative CRT could contribute to the improvement of survival in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. More... »

PAGES

105-111

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10388-006-0081-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10388-006-0081-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012463847


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35 schema:description There are two intensive modalities for the treatment of resectable esophageal carcinoma: esophagectomy and definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Esophagectomy with preoperative CRT was retrospectively compared with CRT alone in resectable stage II/III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Seventy-four patients with resectable stage II/III (T1-3N0, 1M0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were treated with preoperative CRT by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 700 mg/m2 on days 1 to 5, nedaplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1, and concurrent radiation for a total of 30 Gy in 3 weeks. If patients decided to undergo surgery, esophagectomy from the thoracoabdominal approach was carried out 6 weeks after the completion of CRT (CRT + Surg group, n = 51). If patients decided not to undergo surgery, they were treated with one more course of CRT (CRT-alone group, n = 23). There was no significant difference in overall survival between the two groups (P = 0.1006), whereas the disease-free survival in the CRT + Surg group was improved compared with the CRT-alone group (P = 0.0186). In the patients with clinical stage III carcinoma or with regional lymph node metastasis, the overall survival rate was significantly improved in the CRT + Surg group compared with the CRT-alone group. The rate of local failures in the CRT + Surg group was significantly lower compared with the CRT-alone group (P = 0.0011). Preoperative CRT followed by esophagectomy provides better local control, but does not prolong overall survival, compared with definitive CRT. However, in clinical stage III or N1, esophagectomy with preoperative CRT could contribute to the improvement of survival in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
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