Small Colonic J-Pouch Improves Colonic Retention of Liquids—Randomized, Controlled Trial with Scintigraphy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-01

AUTHORS

Yik-Hong Ho, Sidney Yu, Ee-Sin Ang, F. Seow-Choen, Felix Sundram

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A small 6-cm colonic J-pouch improves stool frequency and continence, without stool evacuation problems. However, the reservoir function is not improved on physiologic studies. Hence, a scintigraphy technique was devised to study the transit of solid and liquid colonic contents in these patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to straight or colonic J-pouch anal anastomoses after ultralow anterior resection. At 1 year after surgery, they were studied by bowel questionnaire, anorectal manometry, and technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid test meal/I-131 microcapsule scintigraphy. In the latter, technetium TC 99m tin-colloid was ingested orally to image the colonic liquids. I-131 microcapsules taken simultaneously imaged the solid stools. After ingestion of the radioisotopes, imaging was performed at intervals of 7 to 8, 24, and 56 hours later. Two independent observers noted the presence of technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid and I-131 microcapsules in various areas of interest drawn over the colon. RESULTS: There were six patients (5 males, mean age, 61.5 (SE mean, 1.9) years) in the straight, and six patients (5 males, mean age, 63.2 (4.5) years) in the colonic J-pouch group. Stool frequency was more in the straight group (4.8 (0.4) vs. 3 (0.2) stools/day; P <.001). Continence, evacuation problems, and anorectal physiologic findings were not different. Technetium TC 99m tin-colloid (imaging liquids) transited significantly faster than I-131 microcapsules (imaging solids), at various areas of interest in the colon. In the colonic J-pouch patients, technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid was retained significantly longer in the descending colon at 24 hours (P <.05). Stool frequency was higher when technetium TC 99m tin-colloid was not retained in the descending colon at 56 hours (3.3 (0.5) vs. 4.3 (0.4) stools/day) but this did not reach statistical significance. There were no significant differences in the distribution of the ingested I-131 microcapsules between colonic J-pouch and straight groups. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced stool frequency after colonic J-pouch may be related to factors causing better retention of liquid stools in the distal colon. No difference in solid stool transit could possibly account for minimal evacuation problems in small pouches. More... »

PAGES

76-82

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10350-004-6117-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6117-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041316046

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11786768


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45 schema:description PURPOSE: A small 6-cm colonic J-pouch improves stool frequency and continence, without stool evacuation problems. However, the reservoir function is not improved on physiologic studies. Hence, a scintigraphy technique was devised to study the transit of solid and liquid colonic contents in these patients. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to straight or colonic J-pouch anal anastomoses after ultralow anterior resection. At 1 year after surgery, they were studied by bowel questionnaire, anorectal manometry, and technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid test meal/I-131 microcapsule scintigraphy. In the latter, technetium TC 99m tin-colloid was ingested orally to image the colonic liquids. I-131 microcapsules taken simultaneously imaged the solid stools. After ingestion of the radioisotopes, imaging was performed at intervals of 7 to 8, 24, and 56 hours later. Two independent observers noted the presence of technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid and I-131 microcapsules in various areas of interest drawn over the colon. RESULTS: There were six patients (5 males, mean age, 61.5 (SE mean, 1.9) years) in the straight, and six patients (5 males, mean age, 63.2 (4.5) years) in the colonic J-pouch group. Stool frequency was more in the straight group (4.8 (0.4) vs. 3 (0.2) stools/day; P <.001). Continence, evacuation problems, and anorectal physiologic findings were not different. Technetium TC 99m tin-colloid (imaging liquids) transited significantly faster than I-131 microcapsules (imaging solids), at various areas of interest in the colon. In the colonic J-pouch patients, technetium TC 99m tin-colloid liquid was retained significantly longer in the descending colon at 24 hours (P <.05). Stool frequency was higher when technetium TC 99m tin-colloid was not retained in the descending colon at 56 hours (3.3 (0.5) vs. 4.3 (0.4) stools/day) but this did not reach statistical significance. There were no significant differences in the distribution of the ingested I-131 microcapsules between colonic J-pouch and straight groups. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced stool frequency after colonic J-pouch may be related to factors causing better retention of liquid stools in the distal colon. No difference in solid stool transit could possibly account for minimal evacuation problems in small pouches.
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