Investigation into diseases in free-ranging ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in northwestern Germany during population decline with special reference to infectious ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-02-06

AUTHORS

N. Curland, F. Gethöffer, A. van Neer, L. Ziegler, U. Heffels-Redmann, M. Lierz, W. Baumgärtner, P. Wohlsein, I. Völker, S. Lapp, A. Bello, V. M. Pfankuche, S. Braune, M. Runge, A. Moss, S. Rautenschlein, A. Jung, L. Teske, C. Strube, J. Schulz, R. Bodewes, A. D. M. E. Osterhaus, U. Siebert

ABSTRACT

The population of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) is decreasing all over Germany since the years 2008/2009. Besides impacts of habitat changes caused by current rates of land conversion, climatic influences or predators, a contribution of infectious pathogens needs also to be considered. Infectious and non-infectious diseases in free-living populations of ring-necked pheasants have been scarcely investigated so far. In the present study, carcasses of 258 deceased free-ranging pheasants of different age groups, predominantly adult pheasants, collected over a period of 4 years in the states of Lower Saxony, North Rhine–Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, were examined pathomorphologically, parasitologically, virologically and bacteriologically, with a focus set on infectious pathogens. A periocular and perinasal dermatitis of unknown origin was present in 62.3% of the pheasants. Additional alterations included protozoal cysts in the skeletal musculature (19.0%), hepatitis (21.7%), enteritis (18.7%), gastritis (12.6%), and pneumonia (11.7%). In single cases, neoplasms (2.6%) and mycobacteriosis (1.7%) occurred. Further findings included identification of coronaviral DNA from trachea or caecal tonsils (16.8%), siadenoviral DNA (7.6%), avian metapneumoviral RNA (6.6%), and infectious bursal disease viral RNA (3.7%). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on herpesvirus, avian influenza virus (AIV), paramyxovirus type 1 (PMV-1), avian encephalomyelitis virus (AEV), and chlamydia were negative. Based on the present results, there is no indication of a specific pathogen as a sole cause for population decline in adult pheasants. However, an infectious disease can still not be completely excluded as it may only affect reproduction effectivity or a certain age group of pheasants (e.g., chicks) which were not presented in the study. More... »

PAGES

12

Journal

TITLE

European Journal of Wildlife Research

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

64

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10344-018-1173-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10344-018-1173-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100831811

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32214944


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344 Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173, Hannover, Germany
345 Research Center for Emerging Infections and Zoonoses, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Buenteweg 17, 30559, Hannover, Germany
346 rdf:type schema:Organization
347 grid-institutes:grid.500064.7 schema:alternateName Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES), Food and Veterinary Institute Braunschweig/Hannover, Eintrachtweg 17, 30173, Hannover, Germany
348 Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES), Food and Veterinary Institute Oldenburg, Philosophenweg 38, 26121, Oldenburg, Germany
349 schema:name Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES), Food and Veterinary Institute Braunschweig/Hannover, Eintrachtweg 17, 30173, Hannover, Germany
350 Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES), Food and Veterinary Institute Oldenburg, Philosophenweg 38, 26121, Oldenburg, Germany
351 rdf:type schema:Organization
352 grid-institutes:grid.5645.2 schema:alternateName Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, P.O. Box 2040, Ee1726, 3000, Rotterdam, CA, The Netherlands
353 schema:name Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, P.O. Box 2040, Ee1726, 3000, Rotterdam, CA, The Netherlands
354 rdf:type schema:Organization
355 grid-institutes:grid.8664.c schema:alternateName Clinic for Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 91, 35321, Giessen, Germany
356 schema:name Clinic for Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 91, 35321, Giessen, Germany
357 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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