Maintenance of long-term experiments for unique insights into forest growth dynamics and trends: review and perspectives View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Hans Pretzsch, Miren del Río, Peter Biber, Catia Arcangeli, Kamil Bielak, Peter Brang, Malgorzata Dudzinska, David Ian Forrester, Joachim Klädtke, Ulrich Kohnle, Thomas Ledermann, Robert Matthews, Jürgen Nagel, Ralf Nagel, Urban Nilsson, François Ningre, Thomas Nord-Larsen, Holger Wernsdörfer, Ekaterina Sycheva

ABSTRACT

In this review, the unique features and facts of long-term experiments are presented. Long-term experimental plots provide information of forest stand dynamics which cannot be derived from forest inventories or small temporary plots. Most comprise unthinned plots which represent the site specific maximum stand density as an unambiguous reference. By measuring the remaining as well as the removed stand, the survey of long-term experiments provides the total production at a given site, which is most relevant for examining the relationship between site conditions and stand productivity on the one hand and between stand density and productivity on the other. Thus, long-term experiments can reveal the site-specific effect of thinning and species mixing on stand structure, production and carbon sequestration. If they cover an entire rotation or even the previous and following generation on a given site, they reveal a species’ long-term behaviour and any growth trends caused by environmental changes. Second, we exploit the unique data of European long-term experiments, some of which have been surveyed since 1848. We show the long-term effect of different density regimes on stand dynamics and an essential trade-off between total stand volume production and mean tree size. Long-term experiments reveal that tree species mixing can significantly increase stand density and productivity compared with monospecific stands. Thanks to surveys spanning decades or even a century, we can show the changing long-term-performance of different provenances and acceleration of stand production caused by environmental change, as well as better understand the growth dynamics of natural forests. Without long-term experiments forest science and practice would be not in a position to obtain such findings which are of the utmost relevance for science and practice. Third, we draw conclusions and show perspectives regarding the maintenance and further development of long-term experiments. It would require another 150 years to build up a comparable wealth of scientific information, practical knowledge, and teaching and training model examples. Although tempting, long-term experiments should not be sacrificed for cost-cutting measures. Given the global environmental change and the resulting challenges for sustainable management, the network of long-term experiments should rather be extended regarding experimental factors, recorded variables and inter- and transdisciplinary use for science and practice. More... »

PAGES

165-185

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996. Growth Trends in European Forests, Studies from 12 Countries in NONE
  • 2014-12. Forest stand growth dynamics in Central Europe have accelerated since 1870 in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2005-10. Stand density and growth of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.): evidence from long-term experimental plots in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 1965-01. Vorläufige Fichten-Ertragstafel für Bayern in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 1998-09. Allometric scaling of plant energetics and population density in NATURE
  • 2010. Forest Dynamics, Growth and Yield, From Measurement to Model in NONE
  • 2009-03. Transgressive overyielding in mixed compared with pure stands of Norway spruce and European beech in Central Europe: evidence on stand level and explanation on individual tree level in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 2016-09. Modeling size-density trajectories for even-aged beech (Fagus silvatica L.) stands in France in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 2004-03. Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change in ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2015-09. Growth and yield of mixed versus pure stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 2001-04. Invariant scaling relations across tree-dominated communities in NATURE
  • 2012-03. Significant differences and curvilinearity in the self-thinning relationships of 11 temperate tree species assessed from forest inventory data in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 2005-01. How to measure stand density in TREES
  • 2018-06. GIS Coop: networks of silvicultural trials for supporting forest management under changing environment in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 2014-12. Tree survival and maximum density of planted forests – Observations from South African spacing studies in FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2013-12. Higher levels of multiple ecosystem services are found in forests with more tree species in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 1890. Wachstum und Ertrag normaler Fichtenbestände, Nach den Aufnahmen des Vereins deutscher forstlicher Versuchsanstalten in NONE
  • 1992. Comparative productivity of monocultures and mixed-species stands in THE ECOLOGY AND SILVICULTURE OF MIXED-SPECIES FORESTS
  • 1889. Wachsthum und Ertrag normaler Kiefernbestände in der norddeutschen Tiefebene, Nach den Aufnahmen der Preussischen Hauptstation des forstlichen Versuchswesens in NONE
  • 2017-12. Toward managing mixed-species stands: from parametrization to prescription in FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
  • 2010-01. Comparison between the productivity of pure and mixed stands of Norway spruce and European beech along an ecological gradient in ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE
  • 2017. Mixed-Species Forests in NONE
  • 2017-08. Effect of forest stand management on species composition, structural diversity, and productivity in the temperate zone of Europe in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 2017-12. Climate change accelerates growth of urban trees in metropolises worldwide in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110807356


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Ecology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Technical University Munich", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a", 
              "name": [
                "Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, 85354, Freising, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pretzsch", 
            "givenName": "Hans", 
            "id": "sg:person.010555170071.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010555170071.19"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Department of Silviculture and Forest Management, INIA-CIFOR, Madrid, and Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "del R\u00edo", 
            "givenName": "Miren", 
            "id": "sg:person.011241623547.32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011241623547.32"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Technical University Munich", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a", 
              "name": [
                "Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Biber", 
            "givenName": "Peter", 
            "id": "sg:person.014740140446.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014740140446.58"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Forest Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479676.d", 
              "name": [
                "Forest Mensuration, Modelling and Forecasting Centre for Sustainable Forestry and Climate Change, Forest Research, Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Arcangeli", 
            "givenName": "Catia", 
            "id": "sg:person.014373600472.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014373600472.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Warsaw University of Life Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13276.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Silviculture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bielak", 
            "givenName": "Kamil", 
            "id": "sg:person.015165443452.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015165443452.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419754.a", 
              "name": [
                "Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Brang", 
            "givenName": "Peter", 
            "id": "sg:person.013177300335.48", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013177300335.48"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Instytut Badawczy Le\u015bnictwa", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425286.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Forest Management, Forest Research Institute, Sekocin Stary, Poland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Dudzinska", 
            "givenName": "Malgorzata", 
            "id": "sg:person.016522375266.86", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016522375266.86"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419754.a", 
              "name": [
                "Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Forrester", 
            "givenName": "David Ian", 
            "id": "sg:person.0613205146.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0613205146.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Forest Research Station Baden-W\u00fcrttemberg, Freiburg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kl\u00e4dtke", 
            "givenName": "Joachim", 
            "id": "sg:person.010513011032.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010513011032.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Forest Research Station Baden-W\u00fcrttemberg, Freiburg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kohnle", 
            "givenName": "Ulrich", 
            "id": "sg:person.01143022003.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143022003.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Austrian Research Centre for Forests", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1", 
              "name": [
                "Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape, Vienna, Austria"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ledermann", 
            "givenName": "Thomas", 
            "id": "sg:person.011611723635.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011611723635.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Forest Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479676.d", 
              "name": [
                "Forest Mensuration, Modelling and Forecasting Centre for Sustainable Forestry and Climate Change, Forest Research, Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Matthews", 
            "givenName": "Robert", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Northwest German Forest Research Station, G\u00f6ttingen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nagel", 
            "givenName": "J\u00fcrgen", 
            "id": "sg:person.015057337565.46", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015057337565.46"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Northwest German Forest Research Station, G\u00f6ttingen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nagel", 
            "givenName": "Ralf", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Alnarp, Sweden"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nilsson", 
            "givenName": "Urban", 
            "id": "sg:person.015031746637.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015031746637.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Silva, 54000, Nancy, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ningre", 
            "givenName": "Fran\u00e7ois", 
            "id": "sg:person.01104302207.27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104302207.27"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Copenhagen", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5254.6", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nord-Larsen", 
            "givenName": "Thomas", 
            "id": "sg:person.013245075373.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013245075373.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Silva, 54000, Nancy, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wernsd\u00f6rfer", 
            "givenName": "Holger", 
            "id": "sg:person.010224117103.64", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010224117103.64"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Technical University Munich", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a", 
              "name": [
                "Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sycheva", 
            "givenName": "Ekaterina", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35070500", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003288121", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35070500"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35070500", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003288121", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35070500"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2015.1131845", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003814441"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/forest/2010037", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004521759", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2010037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006334522", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006334522", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8957", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006504357"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011068934", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011068934", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.12.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012281412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014763103", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014763103", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.06.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014854324"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015403271"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016163675", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016163675", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-042", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017543280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017721020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017721020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-003-0215-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018910733", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-003-0215-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019610216", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019610216", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.03.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020578068"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(85)90031-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021050184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(85)90031-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021050184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-011-0149-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022743162", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-011-0149-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01179.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029626793"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1999.00253.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031555491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2328", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033153597", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2328"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/25977", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034611185", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/25977"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036275967", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036275967", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00341-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041147786"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3277", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041246042"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041838245", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041838245", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-8052-6_8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046885994", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8052-6_8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.027", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047903476"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms5967", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049056452", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5967"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.10.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049356351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00468-004-0343-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050806450", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-004-0343-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051764512", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051764512", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01872794", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053079439", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01872794"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01872794", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053079439", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01872794"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01872794", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053079439", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01872794"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20080.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053566977"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.282.5390.893", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062563018"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2015-0413", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062888996"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2014233-06195", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072840789"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a086945", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083602200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085967392", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2017262-11325", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090890666"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090924793", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090924793", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-017-0105-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091959664", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-017-0105-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-14831-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092580982", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14831-w"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpy006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100839347"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103152969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103152969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103152969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103152969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103196963", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2989/20702620.2018.1463152", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104601584"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.07.045", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105980272"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
        "description": "In this review, the unique features and facts of long-term experiments are presented. Long-term experimental plots provide information of forest stand dynamics which cannot be derived from forest inventories or small temporary plots. Most comprise unthinned plots which represent the site specific maximum stand density as an unambiguous reference. By measuring the remaining as well as the removed stand, the survey of long-term experiments provides the total production at a given site, which is most relevant for examining the relationship between site conditions and stand productivity on the one hand and between stand density and productivity on the other. Thus, long-term experiments can reveal the site-specific effect of thinning and species mixing on stand structure, production and carbon sequestration. If they cover an entire rotation or even the previous and following generation on a given site, they reveal a species\u2019 long-term behaviour and any growth trends caused by environmental changes. Second, we exploit the unique data of European long-term experiments, some of which have been surveyed since 1848. We show the long-term effect of different density regimes on stand dynamics and an essential trade-off between total stand volume production and mean tree size. Long-term experiments reveal that tree species mixing can significantly increase stand density and productivity compared with monospecific stands. Thanks to surveys spanning decades or even a century, we can show the changing long-term-performance of different provenances and acceleration of stand production caused by environmental change, as well as better understand the growth dynamics of natural forests. Without long-term experiments forest science and practice would be not in a position to obtain such findings which are of the utmost relevance for science and practice. Third, we draw conclusions and show perspectives regarding the maintenance and further development of long-term experiments. It would require another 150 years to build up a comparable wealth of scientific information, practical knowledge, and teaching and training model examples. Although tempting, long-term experiments should not be sacrificed for cost-cutting measures. Given the global environmental change and the resulting challenges for sustainable management, the network of long-term experiments should rather be extended regarding experimental factors, recorded variables and inter- and transdisciplinary use for science and practice.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3757294", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1040667", 
            "issn": [
              "1612-4669", 
              "1612-4677"
            ], 
            "name": "European Journal of Forest Research", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "138"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Maintenance of long-term experiments for unique insights into forest growth dynamics and trends: review and perspectives", 
        "pagination": "165-185", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "3b62d5f950f598302500bd441c4e8c4297e2c74ab21dfcb790f5c06ceddeb10c"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1110807356"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110807356"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:11", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000338_0000000338/records_47975_00000002.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10342-018-1151-y"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    389 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y schema:about anzsrc-for:06
    2 anzsrc-for:0602
    3 schema:author Nad4b4e60d3e245dbb9edc583ce21c620
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-8052-6_8
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01872794
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00468-004-0343-x
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-003-0215-z
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-011-0149-0
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/25977
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/35070500
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2328
    23 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms5967
    24 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-14831-w
    25 sg:pub.10.1051/forest/2010037
    26 sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4
    27 sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-017-0105-z
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(85)90031-3
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.06.005
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.10.003
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.027
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.03.001
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.12.007
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.07.045
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00341-8
    36 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1999.00253.x
    37 https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2015.1131845
    38 https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpy006
    39 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a086945
    40 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747
    41 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3277
    42 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01179.x
    43 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20080.x
    44 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.282.5390.893
    45 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8957
    46 https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2015-0413
    47 https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-026
    48 https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-042
    49 https://doi.org/10.2989/20702620.2018.1463152
    50 https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2014233-06195
    51 https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2017262-11325
    52 schema:datePublished 2019-02
    53 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
    54 schema:description In this review, the unique features and facts of long-term experiments are presented. Long-term experimental plots provide information of forest stand dynamics which cannot be derived from forest inventories or small temporary plots. Most comprise unthinned plots which represent the site specific maximum stand density as an unambiguous reference. By measuring the remaining as well as the removed stand, the survey of long-term experiments provides the total production at a given site, which is most relevant for examining the relationship between site conditions and stand productivity on the one hand and between stand density and productivity on the other. Thus, long-term experiments can reveal the site-specific effect of thinning and species mixing on stand structure, production and carbon sequestration. If they cover an entire rotation or even the previous and following generation on a given site, they reveal a species’ long-term behaviour and any growth trends caused by environmental changes. Second, we exploit the unique data of European long-term experiments, some of which have been surveyed since 1848. We show the long-term effect of different density regimes on stand dynamics and an essential trade-off between total stand volume production and mean tree size. Long-term experiments reveal that tree species mixing can significantly increase stand density and productivity compared with monospecific stands. Thanks to surveys spanning decades or even a century, we can show the changing long-term-performance of different provenances and acceleration of stand production caused by environmental change, as well as better understand the growth dynamics of natural forests. Without long-term experiments forest science and practice would be not in a position to obtain such findings which are of the utmost relevance for science and practice. Third, we draw conclusions and show perspectives regarding the maintenance and further development of long-term experiments. It would require another 150 years to build up a comparable wealth of scientific information, practical knowledge, and teaching and training model examples. Although tempting, long-term experiments should not be sacrificed for cost-cutting measures. Given the global environmental change and the resulting challenges for sustainable management, the network of long-term experiments should rather be extended regarding experimental factors, recorded variables and inter- and transdisciplinary use for science and practice.
    55 schema:genre research_article
    56 schema:inLanguage en
    57 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    58 schema:isPartOf N4795d5ea1962496ba0fc3a88899a27b2
    59 N78ce65460bcd4f46bd7803e0f1979dcf
    60 sg:journal.1040667
    61 schema:name Maintenance of long-term experiments for unique insights into forest growth dynamics and trends: review and perspectives
    62 schema:pagination 165-185
    63 schema:productId N1323afd200f749848cf38ca597cc5e5c
    64 N4321999da38f41389968f9bb304cb63c
    65 N87fec351ba70424d829ae6d42b737d87
    66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110807356
    67 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y
    68 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:11
    69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    70 schema:sdPublisher Nd7a1d2bf4d4e4dca970055569b8cc3f4
    71 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10342-018-1151-y
    72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    73 sgo:sdDataset articles
    74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    75 N0531912b1e1440479c2290dff1116052 rdf:first sg:person.014373600472.24
    76 rdf:rest N97cf9819b9ca419e9cf9d23bf0ce5e0e
    77 N1323afd200f749848cf38ca597cc5e5c schema:name readcube_id
    78 schema:value 3b62d5f950f598302500bd441c4e8c4297e2c74ab21dfcb790f5c06ceddeb10c
    79 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    80 N17221ce2205c4a9ba389079d14b849a6 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479676.d
    81 schema:familyName Matthews
    82 schema:givenName Robert
    83 rdf:type schema:Person
    84 N1c658bfcd38b4b4d92a40e534440a06c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a
    85 schema:familyName Sycheva
    86 schema:givenName Ekaterina
    87 rdf:type schema:Person
    88 N1f8f1a5b6c4747d0abcc8dab5047dc8b schema:name Department of Silviculture and Forest Management, INIA-CIFOR, Madrid, and Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
    89 rdf:type schema:Organization
    90 N2383a7a376074f0092cc3273a04d3067 rdf:first N17221ce2205c4a9ba389079d14b849a6
    91 rdf:rest N3237e8321c9242c7a04b36342b941698
    92 N3237e8321c9242c7a04b36342b941698 rdf:first sg:person.015057337565.46
    93 rdf:rest Nf496baac1e20489e95a5ee84c75400c3
    94 N4321999da38f41389968f9bb304cb63c schema:name doi
    95 schema:value 10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y
    96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    97 N4795d5ea1962496ba0fc3a88899a27b2 schema:issueNumber 1
    98 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    99 N65f5b109018f42eab2c14cbff304ee7a rdf:first sg:person.011241623547.32
    100 rdf:rest Nb8997780dd86416eabc103ff0da35e32
    101 N681aec47176644a8ad7b844b5c22b870 schema:name Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Silva, 54000, Nancy, France
    102 rdf:type schema:Organization
    103 N6e9c12b63ef5447c9a2804b7049976b1 rdf:first sg:person.01104302207.27
    104 rdf:rest Nd0494e34f9794468a2fb38e038b0bd80
    105 N6f1ed07903a6415bb7812926ccf80e07 schema:name Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Alnarp, Sweden
    106 rdf:type schema:Organization
    107 N6fac1a2f6f4047f09dd95cc90e4e39b9 rdf:first sg:person.011611723635.06
    108 rdf:rest N2383a7a376074f0092cc3273a04d3067
    109 N78ce65460bcd4f46bd7803e0f1979dcf schema:volumeNumber 138
    110 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    111 N7ace90cbfc5f4b7c9e7e0ef9a6899aa3 rdf:first sg:person.015031746637.87
    112 rdf:rest N6e9c12b63ef5447c9a2804b7049976b1
    113 N7d0dd95bc3ef4d038ac6faa08805b1fb rdf:first sg:person.01143022003.80
    114 rdf:rest N6fac1a2f6f4047f09dd95cc90e4e39b9
    115 N87fec351ba70424d829ae6d42b737d87 schema:name dimensions_id
    116 schema:value pub.1110807356
    117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    118 N97cf9819b9ca419e9cf9d23bf0ce5e0e rdf:first sg:person.015165443452.76
    119 rdf:rest Nb9db337907a3421d91132b443e9602db
    120 N9c0aab3df6d5423783f3d3813bfb0066 rdf:first sg:person.010224117103.64
    121 rdf:rest Nf6c8060a06624dfbb17b67d59e08b6a9
    122 N9c30342e26d640a4874c58c486f82dce rdf:first sg:person.016522375266.86
    123 rdf:rest Ncff4eb69414e4176bf2996a183018d82
    124 N9d6eefa7e69b4f1e9499ce17e1045fdb schema:name Northwest German Forest Research Station, Göttingen, Germany
    125 rdf:type schema:Organization
    126 N9ef90301752d44aa987763f4e87e39dd schema:name Northwest German Forest Research Station, Göttingen, Germany
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 Na80ff6f3d91a443baaf997bcc0b0d84d schema:name Forest Research Station Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg, Germany
    129 rdf:type schema:Organization
    130 Nad4b4e60d3e245dbb9edc583ce21c620 rdf:first sg:person.010555170071.19
    131 rdf:rest N65f5b109018f42eab2c14cbff304ee7a
    132 Nb8997780dd86416eabc103ff0da35e32 rdf:first sg:person.014740140446.58
    133 rdf:rest N0531912b1e1440479c2290dff1116052
    134 Nb9db337907a3421d91132b443e9602db rdf:first sg:person.013177300335.48
    135 rdf:rest N9c30342e26d640a4874c58c486f82dce
    136 Nbcf17808e89543c9a5356819edae21f0 schema:name Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Silva, 54000, Nancy, France
    137 rdf:type schema:Organization
    138 Ncda109a124eb4c66b47e6d7ae2a83e89 rdf:first sg:person.010513011032.12
    139 rdf:rest N7d0dd95bc3ef4d038ac6faa08805b1fb
    140 Ncff4eb69414e4176bf2996a183018d82 rdf:first sg:person.0613205146.11
    141 rdf:rest Ncda109a124eb4c66b47e6d7ae2a83e89
    142 Nd0494e34f9794468a2fb38e038b0bd80 rdf:first sg:person.013245075373.03
    143 rdf:rest N9c0aab3df6d5423783f3d3813bfb0066
    144 Nd0f79974efef4a9aa1617116ca243927 schema:affiliation N9ef90301752d44aa987763f4e87e39dd
    145 schema:familyName Nagel
    146 schema:givenName Ralf
    147 rdf:type schema:Person
    148 Nd7a1d2bf4d4e4dca970055569b8cc3f4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    149 rdf:type schema:Organization
    150 Nec4482278485447fac2c4012dbeebd1e schema:name Forest Research Station Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg, Germany
    151 rdf:type schema:Organization
    152 Nf496baac1e20489e95a5ee84c75400c3 rdf:first Nd0f79974efef4a9aa1617116ca243927
    153 rdf:rest N7ace90cbfc5f4b7c9e7e0ef9a6899aa3
    154 Nf6c8060a06624dfbb17b67d59e08b6a9 rdf:first N1c658bfcd38b4b4d92a40e534440a06c
    155 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    156 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    157 schema:name Biological Sciences
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    160 schema:name Ecology
    161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    162 sg:grant.3757294 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1151-y
    163 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    164 sg:journal.1040667 schema:issn 1612-4669
    165 1612-4677
    166 schema:name European Journal of Forest Research
    167 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    168 sg:person.010224117103.64 schema:affiliation Nbcf17808e89543c9a5356819edae21f0
    169 schema:familyName Wernsdörfer
    170 schema:givenName Holger
    171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010224117103.64
    172 rdf:type schema:Person
    173 sg:person.010513011032.12 schema:affiliation Nec4482278485447fac2c4012dbeebd1e
    174 schema:familyName Klädtke
    175 schema:givenName Joachim
    176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010513011032.12
    177 rdf:type schema:Person
    178 sg:person.010555170071.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a
    179 schema:familyName Pretzsch
    180 schema:givenName Hans
    181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010555170071.19
    182 rdf:type schema:Person
    183 sg:person.01104302207.27 schema:affiliation N681aec47176644a8ad7b844b5c22b870
    184 schema:familyName Ningre
    185 schema:givenName François
    186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01104302207.27
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 sg:person.011241623547.32 schema:affiliation N1f8f1a5b6c4747d0abcc8dab5047dc8b
    189 schema:familyName del Río
    190 schema:givenName Miren
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011241623547.32
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.01143022003.80 schema:affiliation Na80ff6f3d91a443baaf997bcc0b0d84d
    194 schema:familyName Kohnle
    195 schema:givenName Ulrich
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01143022003.80
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:person.011611723635.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1
    199 schema:familyName Ledermann
    200 schema:givenName Thomas
    201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011611723635.06
    202 rdf:type schema:Person
    203 sg:person.013177300335.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419754.a
    204 schema:familyName Brang
    205 schema:givenName Peter
    206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013177300335.48
    207 rdf:type schema:Person
    208 sg:person.013245075373.03 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5254.6
    209 schema:familyName Nord-Larsen
    210 schema:givenName Thomas
    211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013245075373.03
    212 rdf:type schema:Person
    213 sg:person.014373600472.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479676.d
    214 schema:familyName Arcangeli
    215 schema:givenName Catia
    216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014373600472.24
    217 rdf:type schema:Person
    218 sg:person.014740140446.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a
    219 schema:familyName Biber
    220 schema:givenName Peter
    221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014740140446.58
    222 rdf:type schema:Person
    223 sg:person.015031746637.87 schema:affiliation N6f1ed07903a6415bb7812926ccf80e07
    224 schema:familyName Nilsson
    225 schema:givenName Urban
    226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015031746637.87
    227 rdf:type schema:Person
    228 sg:person.015057337565.46 schema:affiliation N9d6eefa7e69b4f1e9499ce17e1045fdb
    229 schema:familyName Nagel
    230 schema:givenName Jürgen
    231 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015057337565.46
    232 rdf:type schema:Person
    233 sg:person.015165443452.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13276.31
    234 schema:familyName Bielak
    235 schema:givenName Kamil
    236 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015165443452.76
    237 rdf:type schema:Person
    238 sg:person.016522375266.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425286.f
    239 schema:familyName Dudzinska
    240 schema:givenName Malgorzata
    241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016522375266.86
    242 rdf:type schema:Person
    243 sg:person.0613205146.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419754.a
    244 schema:familyName Forrester
    245 schema:givenName David Ian
    246 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0613205146.11
    247 rdf:type schema:Person
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016163675
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88307-4
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011068934
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-61178-0
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014763103
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99047-2
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006334522
    258 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-99048-9
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085967392
    261 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54553-9
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 sg:pub.10.1007/978-94-015-8052-6_8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046885994
    264 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8052-6_8
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01872794 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053079439
    267 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01872794
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 sg:pub.10.1007/s00468-004-0343-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050806450
    270 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-004-0343-x
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 sg:pub.10.1007/s10021-003-0215-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018910733
    273 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-003-0215-z
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019610216
    276 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-005-0068-4
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036275967
    279 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-008-0215-9
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017721020
    282 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0900-4
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 sg:pub.10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090924793
    285 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-017-1056-1
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-011-0149-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022743162
    288 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-011-0149-0
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051764512
    291 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-016-0567-0
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 sg:pub.10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103196963
    294 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-018-0692-z
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 sg:pub.10.1038/25977 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034611185
    297 https://doi.org/10.1038/25977
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 sg:pub.10.1038/35070500 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003288121
    300 https://doi.org/10.1038/35070500
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2328 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033153597
    303 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2328
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms5967 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049056452
    306 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5967
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-14831-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092580982
    309 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14831-w
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 sg:pub.10.1051/forest/2010037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004521759
    312 https://doi.org/10.1051/forest/2010037
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041838245
    315 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-014-0021-4
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 sg:pub.10.1186/s40663-017-0105-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091959664
    318 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40663-017-0105-z
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-1127(85)90031-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021050184
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.06.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014854324
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.10.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049356351
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047903476
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.03.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020578068
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.12.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012281412
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.07.045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105980272
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0378-1127(00)00341-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041147786
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.1999.00253.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031555491
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2015.1131845 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003814441
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpy006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100839347
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a086945 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083602200
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0747 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103152969
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2005.3277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041246042
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01179.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029626793
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.20080.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053566977
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.282.5390.893 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062563018
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8957 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006504357
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2015-0413 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062888996
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015403271
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 https://doi.org/10.1139/x06-042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017543280
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 https://doi.org/10.2989/20702620.2018.1463152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104601584
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2014233-06195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072840789
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 https://doi.org/10.5424/fs/2017262-11325 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090890666
    367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    368 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13276.31 schema:alternateName Warsaw University of Life Sciences
    369 schema:name Department of Silviculture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
    370 rdf:type schema:Organization
    371 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419754.a schema:alternateName Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
    372 schema:name Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
    373 rdf:type schema:Organization
    374 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425121.1 schema:alternateName Austrian Research Centre for Forests
    375 schema:name Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape, Vienna, Austria
    376 rdf:type schema:Organization
    377 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.425286.f schema:alternateName Instytut Badawczy Leśnictwa
    378 schema:name Department of Forest Management, Forest Research Institute, Sekocin Stary, Poland
    379 rdf:type schema:Organization
    380 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479676.d schema:alternateName Forest Research
    381 schema:name Forest Mensuration, Modelling and Forecasting Centre for Sustainable Forestry and Climate Change, Forest Research, Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, UK
    382 rdf:type schema:Organization
    383 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5254.6 schema:alternateName University of Copenhagen
    384 schema:name Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    385 rdf:type schema:Organization
    386 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6936.a schema:alternateName Technical University Munich
    387 schema:name Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany
    388 Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2, 85354, Freising, Germany
    389 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...