The geographic origin of old Douglas-fir stands growing in Central Europe View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-08

AUTHORS

Wolfgang Josef Hintsteiner, Marcela van Loo, Charalambos Neophytou, Silvio Schueler, Hubert Hasenauer

ABSTRACT

Since the nineteenth century, Douglas-fir seed sources have been widely used for establishment of forest stands outside its natural distribution range. In Europe, some of these old Douglas-fir stands are registered as seed stands and provide seed sources for nurseries, although it is unclear from which region in North America they originate. In recent years, the interest in planting Douglas-fir has increased substantially because the species is seen as a potential adaptation option to climate change. This makes the assignment of European Douglas-fir stands of unknown seed origin to their geographic origin in North America increasingly important, because the genetic quality of these plantations must be guaranteed. In this study, we use 13 nuSSR loci to investigate the origin of 67 Austrian and German Douglas-fir stands of unknown origin. We performed a hierarchical Bayesian cluster analysis using 38 native Douglas-fir populations. The resulting clusters are used as reference populations to assign the 67 Central European Douglas-fir stands from Austria and Germany planted more than 80 years ago. Our results suggest that the majority of our investigated Douglas-fir stands come from central Washington (USA), the recommended seed zones for Central Europe. Some stands were located outside the suggested area, e.g. central Oregon and Santa Fe (New Mexico). The accuracy assessment of our approach revealed the best performance for the highest hierarchical level, e.g. assigning populations either to the coastal or the Rocky Mountain variety. As expected, the uncertainty increases with decreasing hierarchical level. The final assessment, if an admixture of seed sources within the European Douglas-fir stands is evident suggests that 23 of the Douglas-fir stands show an admixture which was not detected in our Douglas-fir reference populations growing in the natural distribution range. More... »

PAGES

447-461

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-018-1115-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-018-1115-2

    DIMENSIONS

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