Effects of stand patchiness due to windthrow and bark beetle abatement measures on soil CO2 efflux and net ecosystem productivity ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-07

AUTHORS

Johannes Kobler, Robert Jandl, Thomas Dirnböck, Michael Mirtl, Andreas Schindlbacher

ABSTRACT

In central European mountain forests, bark beetle abatement measures implemented after wind and bark beetle disturbances represent a well-defined disturbance regime. We used a biometric approach extended by soil CO2 efflux measurements to study the effects of disturbance-induced stand patchiness on the net ecosystem productivity (NEP) of a mature Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) forest at the Integrated Monitoring (IM) Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) site “Zöbelboden”, Austria. In the disturbed stand area, roughly 28 % of the spruce trees were salvaged after an initial disturbance and during small-scale bark beetle abatement actions in 2007 and 2008. Aboveground C stocks declined by approximately 33 %, resulting in a 31 and 29 % reduction of biomass NPP and litterfall during the study year 2011. Soil CO2 efflux in the disturbed area (7.5 ± 0.5 t C ha−1 y−1) was significantly lower than in the undisturbed area (9.3 ± 0.6 t C ha−1 y−1). The difference was mainly attributed to the fact that the autotrophic contributions in the disturbed area were lower (22 %) than in the undisturbed area (31 %). Heterotrophic soil respiration was similar in both stand areas (5.9 t C ha−1 y−1 in the disturbed and 6.5 t C ha−1 y−1 in the undisturbed area). Four years after the initial disturbance, the NEP estimated for the undisturbed area was 0.68 and 0.09 t C ha−1 y−1 for the disturbed stand area. Although disturbance and abatement measures substantially lowered the NEP, the C uptake of the remaining trees, along with their dampening effect on soil temperature, ensured that the disturbed forest still served as a weak C sink. More... »

PAGES

683-692

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0882-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0882-2

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44 schema:description In central European mountain forests, bark beetle abatement measures implemented after wind and bark beetle disturbances represent a well-defined disturbance regime. We used a biometric approach extended by soil CO2 efflux measurements to study the effects of disturbance-induced stand patchiness on the net ecosystem productivity (NEP) of a mature Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) forest at the Integrated Monitoring (IM) Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) site “Zöbelboden”, Austria. In the disturbed stand area, roughly 28 % of the spruce trees were salvaged after an initial disturbance and during small-scale bark beetle abatement actions in 2007 and 2008. Aboveground C stocks declined by approximately 33 %, resulting in a 31 and 29 % reduction of biomass NPP and litterfall during the study year 2011. Soil CO2 efflux in the disturbed area (7.5 ± 0.5 t C ha−1 y−1) was significantly lower than in the undisturbed area (9.3 ± 0.6 t C ha−1 y−1). The difference was mainly attributed to the fact that the autotrophic contributions in the disturbed area were lower (22 %) than in the undisturbed area (31 %). Heterotrophic soil respiration was similar in both stand areas (5.9 t C ha−1 y−1 in the disturbed and 6.5 t C ha−1 y−1 in the undisturbed area). Four years after the initial disturbance, the NEP estimated for the undisturbed area was 0.68 and 0.09 t C ha−1 y−1 for the disturbed stand area. Although disturbance and abatement measures substantially lowered the NEP, the C uptake of the remaining trees, along with their dampening effect on soil temperature, ensured that the disturbed forest still served as a weak C sink.
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