Growth decrease and mortality of oak floodplain forests as a response to change of water regime and climate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-02-13

AUTHORS

D. B. Stojanović, T. Levanič, B. Matović, S. Orlović

ABSTRACT

Forest mortality is globally present, and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) forests in Europe are no exception at all. The aim of this study was to tackle the issue of oak floodplain forests response to water level, temperature and precipitation changes due to the altered climate conditions. We examined interannual and interseasonal scales using dendroecological analysis. The goal was to review the growth from the perspective of forest management practice, including specific recommendations for forest managers. The most important environmental variable in the growth of pedunculate oak forests in Serbia (Srem region) in the last 60 years was the Sava River water level. Due to the decrease in the water level and temperature increase in the last 30 years, a general decline in growth was observed. The months that displayed the most significant correlation between the growth, water level and temperature were April, May, June, July and August, while May was the most significant month as far as precipitation influence is concerned. Responses of the various tree groups due to different age and sites (flooded vs. non-flooded, virgin vs. managed forests) were observed, although all tree groups displayed fundamentally the same response to variations in environmental conditions. The “Stara Vratična” virgin forest was considered to be without future owing to the growth decline and lack of regeneration. Guidelines for forest managers were created. Overall directions were: to increase the groundwater level in the ecosystem during prolonged drought periods if possible; to promote regeneration, which is closer to nature; and to promote forest mixing. More... »

PAGES

555-567

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-015-0871-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-015-0871-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044618766


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