Habitat factors for land snails in European beech forests with a special focus on coarse woody debris View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-10

AUTHORS

Jörg Müller, Christian Strätz, Torsten Hothorn

ABSTRACT

Analyses of land snails and habitat factors in acid beech forests were conducted in southern Germany (northern Bavaria). The objectives were to study the effects of habitat characteristics on snail density and species richness. Habitat structures were determined for 37 plots in one big forest. We found a significant relationship between the number of snail species and individuals and the following set of habitat factors coverage of herbaceous layer, growing stock, mean diameter at breast height of the three largest trees (DBHmax), stand age, total dead wood volume per ha, and advanced decomposed dead wood volume per ha. We use maximally selected rank statistics to estimate cutpoints separating stands with low densities, from stands with high snail densities. Here, we define cutpoints for a significant higher snail density at a stand age of 187 years, 57 m3/ha dead wood, 40 m3/ha advanced decomposed dead wood, 63 cm DBHmax and more than 1% herbaceous layer. For species richness, cutpoints are estimated at 338 m3/ha stand volume, 170 years stand age, 50 m3/ha total dead wood amount, 15 m3/ha advanced decomposed dead wood and 56 cm DBHmax. The microhabitat analysis shows a higher pH value and a higher Calcium content at the bottom of large snags and under large lying dead wood pieces in comparison to litter, upper mineral soil and at the bottom of vital living trees. Snail species and individual density are significantly linked to these patterns of chemical parameters. The identified cutpoints are a good base for ecological management decisions in forest management. More... »

PAGES

233-242

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10342-005-0071-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10342-005-0071-9

DIMENSIONS

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