Drainage and irrigation performance of hybrid ditches in converted paddy fields under winter wheat cultivation in Hokkaido View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-02-21

AUTHORS

Yasutaka Tsukamoto, Iwao Kitagawa, Ryuuich Nakamura

ABSTRACT

Paddy fields converted into winter wheat fields in Hokkaido, Japan, receive extremely high snowfall, creating a risk of flood damage to crops in spring due to waterlogging of snowmelt runoff and poor drainage. Meanwhile, in June there is relatively little rainfall, and a lack of moisture inhibits winter wheat growth. Therefore, we developed a method involving a series of 30-cm-deep ditches in agricultural fields to be used for drainage during the flood-prone period and for furrow irrigation during the dry period using water drawn from the canals that feed the paddy fields. The ditches are called ‘hybrid ditches’ as they are able to perform both drainage and irrigation functions. In this study, we investigated the optimal construction timing and spacing for hybrid ditches. We also evaluated their ability to improve the drainage and irrigation of winter wheat. We found that the optimal timing for digging hybrid ditches is immediately after sowing, and the inter-ditch spacing for irrigation should be 15 m or less. The hybrid ditches promoted increased soil temperature and healthy development of wheat plants by improving drainage during the flood-prone period. In addition, water was successfully supplied via the hybrid ditches to irrigate the fields in June. Under experimental conditions in which rainfall was excluded, grain yield was 10% higher and percent protein content was more than 1% point greater in the irrigated plot compared with the non-irrigated plot. Grain yield was also observed to increase by 3–29% in demonstration tests conducted at local farms. From these results, we conclude that hybrid ditches are capable of improving the growth and yield of winter wheat by improving drainage and providing irrigation in converted paddy fields in Hokkaido. More... »

PAGES

681-691

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10333-017-0583-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10333-017-0583-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083901558


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