Habitat shifting by the common brown lemur (Eulemur fulvus fulvus): a response to food scarcity View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-07

AUTHORS

Hiroki Sato

ABSTRACT

During periods of food scarcity, most primates display behavioral responses, such as dietary switching or adjustment of traveling and foraging efforts, within home ranges. In rare cases, several primate species leave their home ranges for other remote habitats to seek alternative resources; this migration-like behavior is termed "habitat shifting." Reports of habitat shifting have concentrated on platyrrhines, but this behavior has rarely been observed among prosimians. During 1 year of observation of a troop of common brown lemurs (Eulemur fulvus fulvus) in Ankarafantsika National Park, northwestern Madagascar, habitat shifting occurred twice. To understand the causes of this behavior, I examined the seasonal availability of fruit resources in the range continuously used by the troop during the year (defined as the annual range) and compared feeding activities and vegetation types between the annual range and new areas. The troop usually stayed within a 38.7-ha annual range, defined by a 95 % fixed kernel analysis based on GPS location data collected at 5-min intervals. In April 2007, the lemurs suddenly moved to a habitat 1.0-1.5 km south of their annual range and concentrated on the consumption of Grewia triflora fruits for 2 weeks. In November 2007, they visited a habitat 0.8-1.7 km southeast of the annual range and exploited fruits of Landolphia myrtifolia. These new areas were open habitats with high densities of the respective fruit species. The density of fruiting trees was low in the annual range during these periods; thus, habitat shifting to areas with different phenological productivity appeared to be an effective response to fruit scarcity. Brown lemurs are generally categorized as a nonterritorial species, and the lemurs observed here showed no agonistic behavior in intergroup encounters during range shifting. Such nonterritoriality may allow brown lemurs to shift habitats, a behavior resulting in long-term absence from their annual range. More... »

PAGES

229-235

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1998-07. Effects of habitat differences on feeding behaviors of Japanese monkeys: Comparison between Yakushima and Kinkazan in PRIMATES
  • 2000-06. Effect of Seasonality on the Behavior of an Insectivorous Primate, Tarsius spectrum in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 1993. Ecological and Reproductive Correlates to Range Use in Red-Bellied Lemurs (Eulemur Rubriventer) and Rufous Lemurs (Eulemur Fulvus Rufus) in LEMUR SOCIAL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ECOLOGICAL BASIS
  • 2007-06. Activity and Ranging Patterns of Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii in Nyungwe Forest, Rwanda: Possible Costs of Large Group Size in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 1975. Lemur catta: Ecology and Behavior in LEMUR BIOLOGY
  • 1975. Field Observations of Social Behavior of Lemur fulvus fulvus E. Geoffroy 1812 in LEMUR BIOLOGY
  • 1985-08. Time budget of the green monkey,Cercopithecus sabaeus: Some optimal strategies in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 1976-02. Body weight, diet and home range area in primates in NATURE
  • 1993-10. Similarities, differences, and seasonal patterns in the diets ofEulemur rubriventer andEulemur fulvus rufus in the Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 2008-12. Habitat Exploitation by Free-ranging Saguinus niger in Eastern Amazonia in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 2006. Evolutionary Divergence in the Brown Lemur Species Complex in LEMURS
  • 2006. Resource Defense in Lemur catta: The Importance of Group Size in RINGTAILED LEMUR BIOLOGY
  • 2006. Tradition and Novelty: Lemur catta Feeding Strategy on Introduced Tree Species at Berenty Reserve in RINGTAILED LEMUR BIOLOGY
  • 2001-12. Fruit Availability and Habitat Use by Chimpanzees in the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda: Examination of Fallback Foods in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 1999-06. Troop Histories and Range Inertia of Lemur catta at Berenty, Madagascar: A 33-year Perspective in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • 2004-06. Effects of Seasonal Water Scarcity on the Ranging Behavior of Eulemur fulvus rufus in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10329-013-0353-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10329-013-0353-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050694824

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23591642


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