Habitat characterization of western hoolock gibbons Hoolock hoolock by examining home range microhabitat use View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-10

AUTHORS

Alice A. Akers, Md. Anwarul Islam, Vincent Nijman

ABSTRACT

Conserving a species depends on an understanding of its habitat requirements. Primatologists often characterize the habitat requirements of primates using macroscale population-based approaches relying on correlations between habitat attributes and population abundances between sites with varying levels of disturbance. This approach only works for species spread between several populations. The populations of some primates do not fulfill these criteria, forcing researchers to rely on individual-based (microscale) rather than population-based approaches for habitat characterization. We examined the reliability of using micro-scale habitat characterizations by studying the microhabitat preferences of a group of wild western hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) in order to compare our results to the habitat preferences of western hoolock gibbons identified during a macroscale study of populations across Bangladesh. We used stepwise discriminant analysis to differentiate between the areas of low, medium, and high usage based on microhabitat characteristics (tree species availability, altitude, canopy connection, distance from forest edge, and levels of human disturbance). The gibbons used interior forest habitat with low food tree availability most frequently for sleeping and socializing, and used edge habitat containing high food tree availability for medium periods for feeding. These results indicate that the gibbons prefer interior forest but are frequently forced to visit the forest edge to feed. Therefore, the optimal habitat would be interior forest away from human disturbance with high sleeping-tree and feeding-tree availability. These habitat preferences are consistent with the habitat attributes of Bangladesh's largest remaining western hoolock gibbon populations, which live in areas containing low agricultural encroachment and high food-tree availability. Microhabitat use studies can be used to characterize the habitat requirements of a species, but should include multiple scales of analysis wherever possible. More... »

PAGES

341-348

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10329-013-0352-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10329-013-0352-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027678413

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23553252


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