Transgenic cucumber expressing an endogenous class III chitinase gene has reduced symptoms from Botrytis cinerea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

Kyutaro Kishimoto, Yoko Nishizawa, Yutaka Tabei, Masami Nakajima, Tadaaki Hibi, Katsumi Akutsu

ABSTRACT

A class III chitinase gene (CHI2) is induced in cucumber plants (Cucumis sativa L.) in response to infection by pathogenic microorganisms. Infection of Botrytis cinerea, causal agent of gray mold disease on cucumber, also induces CHI2 expression. To investigate whether CHI2 is involved in resistance to gray mold disease, transgenic cucumber plants were produced to overexpress the CHI2 gene. One line was analyzed in detail in terms of disease resistance. The transgenic cucumber plant (CC2) constitutively expressed CHI2 and reduced the symptoms of B. cinerea for 4 days after inoculation compared with nontransgenic plants. However, this inhibitory effect was not absolute, and CC2 eventually developed serious disease symptoms. Chitinase activity of the crude extract from CC2 leaves was higher than that from nontransgenic plants. A high-molecular-weight fraction containing CHI2 from CC2 leaves had fungistatic activity against B. cinerea. Interestingly, the low-molecular-weight fraction from CC2 leaves with CHI2 removed also had fungistatic activity against B. cinerea. Not only the introduced chitinase activity but also the endogenous defense reactions activated by overexpression of CHI2 may be involved in the enhanced gray mold disease resistance in CC2. More... »

PAGES

314-320

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10327-004-0152-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10327-004-0152-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009624838


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