Individuelle kardiovaskuläre Risiken der Patientin in der Lebensmitte View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-09-20

AUTHORS

Eberhard Windler, Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Matthias Augustin

ABSTRACT

The increase in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases as the main cause of death in women has declined since the turn of the millennium thanks to the optimization of acute treatment for cardiovascular events, but above all due to the continuous improvement in prevention. The latter refers to the treatment of hypertension, but in the last decade also concerns the increasing lowering of cholesterol. In contrast, the increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus is almost unchanged in the light of the general weight gain and a reduction in physical activity. A prerequisite for further success in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases is the sufficiently early perception of risks on the part of women, but also of the doctors providing care, especially the gynecologist. In addition to lifestyle modifications, the drug options for correcting lipid metabolism disorders have increased enormously. The driving force is the high effectiveness of lowering LDL cholesterol in preventing arteriosclerotic cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease and stroke. Increases in blood pressure react well to weight loss, exercise and diet and can be controlled with combinations of antihypertensive drugs with few side effects. However, no curative medication is available for type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is due to the irreversible demise of the endocrine pancreas. Changes in lifestyle are highly effective only in the early stages of diabetes, or better in the stage of prediabetes. For this reason and because of the asymptomatic development of arteriosclerosis over many years, the timely diagnosis of cardiovascular risks is such a valuable contribution to the health of women. More... »

PAGES

321-330

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10304-021-00418-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10304-021-00418-2

DIMENSIONS

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