An ethanologenic yeast exhibiting unusual metabolism in the fermentation of lignocellulosic hexose sugars View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-06

AUTHORS

J. D. Keating, J. Robinson, M. A. Cotta, J. N. Saddler, S. D. Mansfield

ABSTRACT

Three lignocellulosic substrate mixtures [liquid fraction of acid-catalyzed steam-exploded softwood, softwood spent sulfite liquor (SSL) and hardwood SSL] were separately fermented by the industrially employed SSL-adapted strain Tembec T1 and a natural galactose-assimilating isolate (Y-1528) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to compare fermentative efficacy. Both strains were confirmed as S. cerevisiae via molecular genotyping. The performance of strain Y-1528 exceeded that of Tembec T1 on all three substrate mixtures, with complete hexose sugar consumption ranging from 10 to 18 h for Y-1528, vs 24 to 28 h for T1. Furthermore, Y-1528 consumed galactose prior to glucose and mannose, in contrast to Tembec T1, which exhibited catabolite repression of galactose metabolism. Ethanol yields were comparable regardless of the substrate utilized. Strains T1 and Y-1528 were also combined in mixed culture to determine the effects of integrating their distinct metabolic capabilities during defined hexose sugar and SSL fermentations. Sugar consumption in the defined mixture was accelerated, with complete exhaustion of hexose sugars occurring in just over 6 h. Galactose was consumed first, followed by glucose and mannose. Ethanol yields were slightly reduced relative to pure cultures of Y-1528, but normal growth kinetics was not impeded. Sugar consumption in the SSLs was also accelerated, with complete utilization of softwood- and hardwood-derived hexose sugars occurring in 6 and 8 h, respectively. Catabolite repression was absent in both SSL fermentations. More... »

PAGES

235-244

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10295-004-0145-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10295-004-0145-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000728551

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15252719


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