Automatic Detection of Negated Findings in Radiological Reports for Spanish Language: Methodology Based on Lexicon-Grammatical Information Processing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Walter Koza, Darío Filippo, Viviana Cotik, Vanesa Stricker, Mirian Muñoz, Ninoska Godoy, Natalia Rivas, Ricardo Martínez-Gamboa

ABSTRACT

We present a methodology for the automatic recognition of negated findings in radiological reports considering morphological, syntactic, and semantic information. In order to achieve this goal, a series of rules for processing lexical and syntactic information was elaborated. This required development of an electronic dictionary of medical terminology and informatics grammars. Pertinent information for the assembly of the specialized dictionary was extracted from the ontology SNOMED CT and a medical dictionary (RANM, 2012). Likewise, a general language dictionary was also included. Lexicon-Grammar (LG), proposed by Gross (1975; Cahiers de l'institut de linguistique de Louvain, 24. 23-41 1998), was used to set up the database, which allowed an exhaustive description of the argument structure of predicates projected by lexical units. Computational framework was carried out with NooJ, a free software developed by Silberztein (Silberztein and Noo 2018, 2016), which has various utilities for treating natural language, such as morphological and syntactic grammar, as well as dictionaries. This methodology was compared with a Spanish version of NegEx (Chapman et al. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 34(5):301-310 2001; Stricker 2016). Results show that there are minimal differences in favor of the algorithm developed using NooJ, but the quality and specificity of the data improves if lexical-grammatical information is added. More... »

PAGES

19-29

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106097698

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30097747


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2004", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Linguistics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/20", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Language, Communication and Culture", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Pontificial Catholic University of Valparaiso", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e", 
          "name": [
            "Instituto de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Cat\u00f3lica de Valpara\u00edso, Proyecto FONDECyT 1171033, Valpara\u00edso, Chile"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Koza", 
        "givenName": "Walter", 
        "id": "sg:person.07650573227.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07650573227.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Hospital Pedi\u00e1trico Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Filippo", 
        "givenName": "Dar\u00edo", 
        "id": "sg:person.0612721266.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612721266.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Buenos Aires", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7345.5", 
          "name": [
            "Departamento de Ciencias de la Computaci\u00f3n, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cotik", 
        "givenName": "Viviana", 
        "id": "sg:person.01167737177.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167737177.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Buenos Aires", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7345.5", 
          "name": [
            "Departamento de Ciencias de la Computaci\u00f3n, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stricker", 
        "givenName": "Vanesa", 
        "id": "sg:person.07567605413.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07567605413.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Pontificial Catholic University of Valparaiso", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e", 
          "name": [
            "Instituto de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Cat\u00f3lica de Valpara\u00edso, Proyecto FONDECyT 1171033, Valpara\u00edso, Chile"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mu\u00f1oz", 
        "givenName": "Mirian", 
        "id": "sg:person.016417770545.26", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016417770545.26"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Pontificial Catholic University of Valparaiso", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e", 
          "name": [
            "Instituto de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Cat\u00f3lica de Valpara\u00edso, Proyecto FONDECyT 1171033, Valpara\u00edso, Chile"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Godoy", 
        "givenName": "Ninoska", 
        "id": "sg:person.015170165206.64", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015170165206.64"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Pontificial Catholic University of Valparaiso", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e", 
          "name": [
            "Instituto de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Cat\u00f3lica de Valpara\u00edso, Proyecto FONDECyT 1171033, Valpara\u00edso, Chile"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rivas", 
        "givenName": "Natalia", 
        "id": "sg:person.012777643606.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012777643606.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Diego Portales University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412193.c", 
          "name": [
            "Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mart\u00ednez-Gamboa", 
        "givenName": "Ricardo", 
        "id": "sg:person.013715633464.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013715633464.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2009.05.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003060487"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-009-9250-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015981280", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-009-9250-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6947-6-30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024163546", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-6-30"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3115/1225733.1225739", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026585206"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jbin.2001.1029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035901831"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-09891-3_34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044019684", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09891-3_34"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-012-9463-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052588924", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-012-9463-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2143/cill.24.1.2002599", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069077492"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/icdmw.2009.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078743400"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/bibm.2012.6392613", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078747910"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-55002-2_11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084694977", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55002-2_11"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/w16-2921", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098653398"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119264125", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103947067"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-02", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
    "description": "We present a methodology for the automatic recognition of negated findings in radiological reports considering morphological, syntactic, and semantic information. In order to achieve this goal, a series of rules for processing lexical and syntactic information was elaborated. This required development of an electronic dictionary of medical terminology and informatics grammars. Pertinent information for the assembly of the specialized dictionary was extracted from the ontology SNOMED CT and a medical dictionary (RANM, 2012). Likewise, a general language dictionary was also included. Lexicon-Grammar (LG), proposed by Gross (1975; Cahiers de l'institut de linguistique de Louvain, 24. 23-41 1998), was used to set up the database, which allowed an exhaustive description of the argument structure of predicates projected by lexical units. Computational framework was carried out with NooJ, a free software developed by Silberztein (Silberztein and Noo 2018, 2016), which has various utilities for treating natural language, such as morphological and syntactic grammar, as well as dictionaries. This methodology was compared with a Spanish version of NegEx (Chapman et al. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 34(5):301-310 2001; Stricker 2016). Results show that there are minimal differences in favor of the algorithm developed using NooJ, but the quality and specificity of the data improves if lexical-grammatical information is added.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1100894", 
        "issn": [
          "0897-1889", 
          "1618-727X"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Digital Imaging", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "32"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Automatic Detection of Negated Findings in Radiological Reports for Spanish Language: Methodology Based on Lexicon-Grammatical Information Processing", 
    "pagination": "19-29", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "77abd751ff787eaec32e595d86b3ddd433b4551831de012344f5d96d623dd5c2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30097747"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "9100529"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1106097698"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106097698"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:24", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000355_0000000355/records_53029_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10278-018-0113-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

170 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:20
2 anzsrc-for:2004
3 schema:author Na3197346e7e94e6db15c019d3be4efac
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-09891-3_34
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-55002-2_11
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-009-9250-4
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-012-9463-9
8 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6947-6-30
9 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119264125
10 https://doi.org/10.1006/jbin.2001.1029
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2009.05.002
12 https://doi.org/10.1109/bibm.2012.6392613
13 https://doi.org/10.1109/icdmw.2009.63
14 https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/w16-2921
15 https://doi.org/10.2143/cill.24.1.2002599
16 https://doi.org/10.3115/1225733.1225739
17 schema:datePublished 2019-02
18 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
19 schema:description We present a methodology for the automatic recognition of negated findings in radiological reports considering morphological, syntactic, and semantic information. In order to achieve this goal, a series of rules for processing lexical and syntactic information was elaborated. This required development of an electronic dictionary of medical terminology and informatics grammars. Pertinent information for the assembly of the specialized dictionary was extracted from the ontology SNOMED CT and a medical dictionary (RANM, 2012). Likewise, a general language dictionary was also included. Lexicon-Grammar (LG), proposed by Gross (1975; Cahiers de l'institut de linguistique de Louvain, 24. 23-41 1998), was used to set up the database, which allowed an exhaustive description of the argument structure of predicates projected by lexical units. Computational framework was carried out with NooJ, a free software developed by Silberztein (Silberztein and Noo 2018, 2016), which has various utilities for treating natural language, such as morphological and syntactic grammar, as well as dictionaries. This methodology was compared with a Spanish version of NegEx (Chapman et al. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 34(5):301-310 2001; Stricker 2016). Results show that there are minimal differences in favor of the algorithm developed using NooJ, but the quality and specificity of the data improves if lexical-grammatical information is added.
20 schema:genre research_article
21 schema:inLanguage en
22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
23 schema:isPartOf N0835d786c8264d54a166e42aa991b85e
24 N311d41f8fe69499e9e1d68a85b7484db
25 sg:journal.1100894
26 schema:name Automatic Detection of Negated Findings in Radiological Reports for Spanish Language: Methodology Based on Lexicon-Grammatical Information Processing
27 schema:pagination 19-29
28 schema:productId N3bb2da7567724779b98714d7ce8cbded
29 N3c981f68c87f48918b349226d86a10dd
30 N8398beeec6f441ffbedb6825ee7ba4e1
31 Nd41db290ffa549cdb07f098ec6761e54
32 Nf3ed3c9e45fe4fa8ae57624289b68c85
33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106097698
34 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8
35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:24
36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
37 schema:sdPublisher N24de935cabf34cdda936c63cee55fe9c
38 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10278-018-0113-8
39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
40 sgo:sdDataset articles
41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
42 N0835d786c8264d54a166e42aa991b85e schema:volumeNumber 32
43 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
44 N1039df997e0c441c8c3b9edd0ff455d5 rdf:first sg:person.07567605413.41
45 rdf:rest N38c99f83a56b4129a8061b4129d4a365
46 N24de935cabf34cdda936c63cee55fe9c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
47 rdf:type schema:Organization
48 N311d41f8fe69499e9e1d68a85b7484db schema:issueNumber 1
49 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
50 N38c99f83a56b4129a8061b4129d4a365 rdf:first sg:person.016417770545.26
51 rdf:rest N55f98553cfc94011be2b0dbf8e851814
52 N3bb2da7567724779b98714d7ce8cbded schema:name dimensions_id
53 schema:value pub.1106097698
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 N3c981f68c87f48918b349226d86a10dd schema:name nlm_unique_id
56 schema:value 9100529
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N4050b93be2bd45419bc978284e42b7bc rdf:first sg:person.013715633464.01
59 rdf:rest rdf:nil
60 N41b02b05b2b442f2aa087cb0ad401f29 schema:name Hospital Pediátrico Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina
61 rdf:type schema:Organization
62 N55f98553cfc94011be2b0dbf8e851814 rdf:first sg:person.015170165206.64
63 rdf:rest Nc90884ac10c1453490d1cf4fc6e1810e
64 N5988f5f456364d9b92168bc91fa3ec23 rdf:first sg:person.0612721266.97
65 rdf:rest Nd16855064ba640a08d5ba53c425520ae
66 N8398beeec6f441ffbedb6825ee7ba4e1 schema:name readcube_id
67 schema:value 77abd751ff787eaec32e595d86b3ddd433b4551831de012344f5d96d623dd5c2
68 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
69 Na3197346e7e94e6db15c019d3be4efac rdf:first sg:person.07650573227.93
70 rdf:rest N5988f5f456364d9b92168bc91fa3ec23
71 Nc90884ac10c1453490d1cf4fc6e1810e rdf:first sg:person.012777643606.63
72 rdf:rest N4050b93be2bd45419bc978284e42b7bc
73 Nd16855064ba640a08d5ba53c425520ae rdf:first sg:person.01167737177.48
74 rdf:rest N1039df997e0c441c8c3b9edd0ff455d5
75 Nd41db290ffa549cdb07f098ec6761e54 schema:name pubmed_id
76 schema:value 30097747
77 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
78 Nf3ed3c9e45fe4fa8ae57624289b68c85 schema:name doi
79 schema:value 10.1007/s10278-018-0113-8
80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
81 anzsrc-for:20 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
82 schema:name Language, Communication and Culture
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 anzsrc-for:2004 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
85 schema:name Linguistics
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 sg:journal.1100894 schema:issn 0897-1889
88 1618-727X
89 schema:name Journal of Digital Imaging
90 rdf:type schema:Periodical
91 sg:person.01167737177.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7345.5
92 schema:familyName Cotik
93 schema:givenName Viviana
94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167737177.48
95 rdf:type schema:Person
96 sg:person.012777643606.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e
97 schema:familyName Rivas
98 schema:givenName Natalia
99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012777643606.63
100 rdf:type schema:Person
101 sg:person.013715633464.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412193.c
102 schema:familyName Martínez-Gamboa
103 schema:givenName Ricardo
104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013715633464.01
105 rdf:type schema:Person
106 sg:person.015170165206.64 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e
107 schema:familyName Godoy
108 schema:givenName Ninoska
109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015170165206.64
110 rdf:type schema:Person
111 sg:person.016417770545.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e
112 schema:familyName Muñoz
113 schema:givenName Mirian
114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016417770545.26
115 rdf:type schema:Person
116 sg:person.0612721266.97 schema:affiliation N41b02b05b2b442f2aa087cb0ad401f29
117 schema:familyName Filippo
118 schema:givenName Darío
119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612721266.97
120 rdf:type schema:Person
121 sg:person.07567605413.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7345.5
122 schema:familyName Stricker
123 schema:givenName Vanesa
124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07567605413.41
125 rdf:type schema:Person
126 sg:person.07650573227.93 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e
127 schema:familyName Koza
128 schema:givenName Walter
129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07650573227.93
130 rdf:type schema:Person
131 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-09891-3_34 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044019684
132 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-09891-3_34
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-55002-2_11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084694977
135 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55002-2_11
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-009-9250-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015981280
138 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-009-9250-4
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 sg:pub.10.1007/s10278-012-9463-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052588924
141 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10278-012-9463-9
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6947-6-30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024163546
144 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6947-6-30
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119264125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103947067
147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
148 https://doi.org/10.1006/jbin.2001.1029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035901831
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2009.05.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003060487
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://doi.org/10.1109/bibm.2012.6392613 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078747910
153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
154 https://doi.org/10.1109/icdmw.2009.63 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078743400
155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
156 https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/w16-2921 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098653398
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 https://doi.org/10.2143/cill.24.1.2002599 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069077492
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 https://doi.org/10.3115/1225733.1225739 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026585206
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412193.c schema:alternateName Diego Portales University
163 schema:name Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile
164 rdf:type schema:Organization
165 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7345.5 schema:alternateName University of Buenos Aires
166 schema:name Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
167 rdf:type schema:Organization
168 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8170.e schema:alternateName Pontificial Catholic University of Valparaiso
169 schema:name Instituto de Literatura y Ciencias del Lenguaje, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Proyecto FONDECyT 1171033, Valparaíso, Chile
170 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...