Physicochemical properties of slags produced at various amounts of iron addition in lead smelting View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-04

AUTHORS

Grzegorz Krawiec, Marianna Czaplicka, Jozef Czernecki

ABSTRACT

In the process of lead production from lead-bearing materials generated in copper metallurgy, a large amount of hazardous waste in the form of slag is produced. To assess the effect of the slag on the environment, its physicochemical properties were determined. In this study, the following methods were used: wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Bunte-Baum-Reerink method to determine softening and melting points, as well as viscosity examination and leaching tests. The measurements were performed on the slag produced with two different amounts of iron addition to the lead smelting process. The resulting slags, an oxide rich phase slag and a sulfide rich phase slag have different compositions and physicochemical properties. It was found that the increase in iron addition causes an increase in the softening melting point of the oxide rich phase slag by about 100 °C, and a twofold increase in the viscosity of both slag phases. The increase in iron addition also results in the decrease in As leachability and increase in Zn, Fe, and Cu leachability from the slags. Slag produced with increased iron addition has a greater impact on the environment. More... »

PAGES

959-967

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-06. Lead Speciation in the Dusts Emitted from Non-Ferrous Metallurgy Processes in WATER, AIR, & SOIL POLLUTION
  • 2014-10. Mechanical behavior of typical hazardous waste and its influence on landfill stability during operation in JOURNAL OF MATERIAL CYCLES AND WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • 2015-01. Use of waste copper slag, a sustainable material in JOURNAL OF MATERIAL CYCLES AND WASTE MANAGEMENT
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10163-016-0499-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10163-016-0499-7

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