A review of clinical characteristics and genetic backgrounds in Alport syndrome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-08-20

AUTHORS

Kandai Nozu, Koichi Nakanishi, Yoshifusa Abe, Tomohiro Udagawa, Shinichi Okada, Takayuki Okamoto, Hiroshi Kaito, Katsuyoshi Kanemoto, Anna Kobayashi, Eriko Tanaka, Kazuki Tanaka, Taketsugu Hama, Rika Fujimaru, Saori Miwa, Tomohiko Yamamura, Natsusmi Yamamura, Tomoko Horinouchi, Shogo Minamikawa, Michio Nagata, Kazumoto Iijima

ABSTRACT

Alport syndrome (AS) is a progressive hereditary renal disease that is characterized by sensorineural hearing loss and ocular abnormalities. It is divided into three modes of inheritance, namely, X-linked Alport syndrome (XLAS), autosomal recessive AS (ARAS), and autosomal dominant AS (ADAS). XLAS is caused by pathogenic variants in COL4A5, while ADAS and ARAS are caused by those in COL4A3/COL4A4. Diagnosis is conventionally made pathologically, but recent advances in comprehensive genetic analysis have enabled genetic testing to be performed for the diagnosis of AS as first-line diagnosis. Because of these advances, substantial information about the genetics of AS has been obtained and the genetic background of this disease has been revealed, including genotype–phenotype correlations and mechanisms of onset in some male XLAS cases that lead to milder phenotypes of late-onset end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There is currently no radical therapy for AS and treatment is only performed to delay progression to ESRD using nephron-protective drugs. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors can remarkably delay the development of ESRD. Recently, some new drugs for this disease have entered clinical trials or been developed in laboratories. In this article, we review the diagnostic strategy, genotype–phenotype correlation, mechanisms of onset of milder phenotypes, and treatment of AS, among others. More... »

PAGES

158-168

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    23

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10157-018-1629-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-018-1629-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106255212

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30128941


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