The true distribution volume and bioavailability of mizoribine in children with chronic kidney disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Takuhito Nagai, Osamu Uemura, Hisashi Kaneda, Katsumi Ushijima, Kazuhide Ohta, Yoshimitsu Gotoh, Kenichi Satomura, Masaki Shimizu, Mikiya Fujieda, Masashi Morooka, Takuji Yamada, Masayoshi Yamada, Naohiro Wada, Yukiya Hashimoto

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mizoribine (MZR) is used kidney transplant and various kidney diseases. However, few studies reported the association between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. The Pharmacokinetics Study Group for Pediatric Kidney Disease (PSPKD) used population pharmacokinetics (PPK) analysis and Bayesian analysis to investigate the usefulness of MZR. In this study, the fact that almost all MZR are excreted unchanged in urine was used to calculate its bioavailability (F) and true distribution volume (V d), and analyzed these correlation with age. METHODS: Ishida et al. reported a PPK analysis by the PSPKD. In the present study, 71 samples extracted from their study population of 105 pediatric chronic kidney disease patients aged between 1 and 20 years were investigated. The bioavailability was calculated by measuring total excreted MZR in 24 h urine samples, and this was compared to the oral dosage. The apparent distribution volume (V d/F) obtained from Bayesian analysis was then used to calculate true distribution volume (V d), and the correlation of each parameter with age was investigated. RESULTS: The median dose of MZR per weight was 5.17 mg/kg/day. Median bioavailability was 32.02%. Median V d per weight was 0.46 L/kg. There was a significant, weakly positive correlation between bioavailability and age (p = 0.026). There was also a significant, weakly negative correlation between V d per weight and age (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Bioavailability and V d per weight tended to decrease depending on age. The younger patient required larger dose required to obtain the maximum effect from MZR, and this is important for immunosuppressive therapy. More... »

PAGES

884-888

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10157-016-1353-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-016-1353-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024780394

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27873037


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39 schema:description BACKGROUND: Mizoribine (MZR) is used kidney transplant and various kidney diseases. However, few studies reported the association between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. The Pharmacokinetics Study Group for Pediatric Kidney Disease (PSPKD) used population pharmacokinetics (PPK) analysis and Bayesian analysis to investigate the usefulness of MZR. In this study, the fact that almost all MZR are excreted unchanged in urine was used to calculate its bioavailability (F) and true distribution volume (V d), and analyzed these correlation with age. METHODS: Ishida et al. reported a PPK analysis by the PSPKD. In the present study, 71 samples extracted from their study population of 105 pediatric chronic kidney disease patients aged between 1 and 20 years were investigated. The bioavailability was calculated by measuring total excreted MZR in 24 h urine samples, and this was compared to the oral dosage. The apparent distribution volume (V d/F) obtained from Bayesian analysis was then used to calculate true distribution volume (V d), and the correlation of each parameter with age was investigated. RESULTS: The median dose of MZR per weight was 5.17 mg/kg/day. Median bioavailability was 32.02%. Median V d per weight was 0.46 L/kg. There was a significant, weakly positive correlation between bioavailability and age (p = 0.026). There was also a significant, weakly negative correlation between V d per weight and age (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Bioavailability and V d per weight tended to decrease depending on age. The younger patient required larger dose required to obtain the maximum effect from MZR, and this is important for immunosuppressive therapy.
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