C4d Immunohistochemistry in glomerulonephritis with different antibodies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-12-01

AUTHORS

Taisei Suzuki, Shigeru Horita, Koji Kadoya, Koji Mitsuiki, Kumi Aita, Atsumi Harada, Kosaku Nitta, Michio Nagata

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe presence of C4d in the kidney is generally detected particularly for the diagnosis of antibody-mediated rejection in renal transplants. In frozen sections of immunofluorescence (IF) staining with anti-C4d monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), we noted intrinsic C4d deposition even in normal glomeruli though their pathogenic or an intrinsic role is unkown. An anti-C4d polyclonal antibody (C4dpAb), which is suitable for paraffin immunoperoxidase (IP) staining, is less used than mAbs, and it has demonstrated that intrinsic C4d is not evident. To establish a stable and reproducible procedure for C4d detection with the C4dpAb and to determine the staining characteristics of it, the present study aimed to test whether the method was comparable with IF with a mAb.MethodsWe compared the C4dpAb with the mAb in adjacent sections of human diseased kidneys, and then compared IP with IF of C4dpAb. Two ways of antigen retrieval was examined for IP.ResultsOn comparing the two antibodies for glomerular staining with IF, we found that the pattern and intensity (C4dpAb showed intrinsic C4d with IF) were similar. In addition, C4dpAb staining with IP and IF demonstrated that the intrinsic staining in the normal glomerulus was mostly undetectable by IP, whereas IF showed distinct staining. Likewise, C4d deposition with IP in some cases was apparently weaker than that on IF, suggesting that this deposition is not intrinsic but indicates pathogenic complement activation.ConclusionsThe advantage of the C4dpAb for immunohistochemistry is of value for reconsidering the role of C4d in glomerular diseases. More... »

PAGES

287-291

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10157-007-0496-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10157-007-0496-1

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002591699

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18085389


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