Isolation and Analysis of Bacteria with Antimicrobial Activities from the Marine Sponge Haliclona simulans Collected from Irish Waters View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-10-25

AUTHORS

Jonathan Kennedy, Paul Baker, Clare Piper, Paul D. Cotter, Marcella Walsh, Marlies J. Mooij, Marie B. Bourke, Mary C. Rea, Paula M. O’Connor, R. Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Fergal O’Gara, Julian R. Marchesi, Alan D. W. Dobson

ABSTRACT

Samples of the marine sponge Haliclona simulans were collected from Irish coastal waters, and bacteria were isolated from these samples. Phylogenetic analyses of the cultured isolates showed that four different bacterial phyla were represented; Bacteriodetes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, and Firmicutes. The sponge bacterial isolates were assayed for the production of antimicrobial substances, and biological activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi were demonstrated, with 50% of isolates showing antimicrobial activity against at least one of the test strains. Further testing showed that the antimicrobial activities extended to the important pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium difficile, multi-drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and pathogenic yeast strains. The Actinomycetes were numerically the most abundant producers of antimicrobial activities, although activities were also noted from Bacilli and Pseudovibrio isolates. Surveys for the presence of potential antibiotic encoding polyketide synthase and nonribosomal peptide synthetase genes also revealed that genes for the biosynthesis of these secondary metabolites were present in most bacterial phyla but were particularly prevalent among the Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria. This study demonstrates that the culturable fraction of bacteria from the sponge H. simulans is diverse and appears to possess much potential as a source for the discovery of new medically relevant biological active agents. More... »

PAGES

384-396

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10126-008-9154-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10126-008-9154-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048761592

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18953608


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