Clinical significance of overexpression of NRG1 and its receptors, HER3 and HER4, in gastric cancer patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-03

AUTHORS

Sumi Yun, Jiwon Koh, Soo Kyung Nam, Jung Ok Park, Sung Mi Lee, Kyoungyul Lee, Kyu Sang Lee, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Do Joong Park, Hyung-Ho Kim, Gheeyoung Choe, Woo Ho Kim, Hye Seung Lee

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neuregulin 1 (NRG1), a ligand for human epidermal growth factor (HER) 3 and HER4, can activates cell signaling pathways to promote carcinogenesis and metastasis. METHODS: To investigate the clinicopathologic significance of NRG1 and its receptors, immunohistochemistry was performed for NRG1, HER3, and HER4 in 502 consecutive gastric cancers (GCs). Furthermore, HER2, microsatellite instability (MSI), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status were investigated. NRG1 gene copy number (GCN) was determined by dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 388 available GCs. RESULTS: NRG1 overexpression was observed in 141 (28.1%) GCs and closely correlated with HER3 (P = 0.034) and HER4 (P < 0.001) expression. NRG1 overexpression was significantly associated with aggressive features, including infiltrative tumor growth, lymphovascular, and neural invasion, high pathologic stage, and poor prognosis (all P < 0.05), but not associated with EBV, MSI, or HER2 status. Multivariate analysis identified NRG1 overexpression as an independent prognostic factor for survival (P = 0.040). HER3 and HER4 expressions were observed in 157 (31.3%) and 277 (55.2%), respectively. In contrast to NRG1, expression of these proteins was not associated with survival. NRG1 GCN gain (GCN ≥ 2.5) was detected in 14.7% patients, including two cases of amplification, and was moderately correlated with NRG1 overexpression (κ, 0.459; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although our results indicate a lack of prognostic significance of HER3 and HER4 overexpression in GC, overexpression of their ligand, NRG1, was associated with aggressive clinical features and represented an independent unfavorable prognostic factor. Therefore, NRG1 is a potential prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in GC patients. More... »

PAGES

225-236

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10120-017-0732-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-017-0732-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085737211

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28573357


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