Deregulation of the cell polarity protein Lethal giant larvae 2 (Lgl2) correlates with gastric cancer progression View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-10

AUTHORS

Kyung Han Nam, Min A. Kim, Gheeyoung Choe, Woo Ho Kim, Hye Seung Lee

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the roles of Lethal giant larvae 2 (Lgl2), an epithelial cell polarity protein, during gastric carcinogenesis and gastric cancer (GC) progression and evaluated the correlation of Lgl2 with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers. METHODS: Lgl2 protein and mRNA expression were determined by immunohistochemistry and mRNA in situ hybridization in a large series of GC and preneoplastic lesions. Additionally, expression of 7 EMT markers was examined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Loss of membrane Lgl2 staining in GC was observed in 347 of 409 GCs. Lgl2 loss was associated with diffuse histological type (P < 0.001), advanced stage (P = 0.021), and worse prognosis (P = 0.047). Furthermore, Lgl2 loss correlated with reduced E-cadherin expression (P < 0.01) and increased expression of vimentin (P < 0.01). Combined analysis of Lgl2 and the EMT markers, S100A4 and MMP2, improved predictions of patient outcomes. During gastric carcinogenesis, membrane expression of Lgl2 was progressively lost in 4 % of normal mucosa, 75 % of intestinal metaplasia, 58 % of gastric dysplasia, 69 % of intestinal type GC, and 96 % of diffuse type GC. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that Lgl2 loss occurs at an early stage of gastric carcinogenesis and contributes to GC progression. More... »

PAGES

610-620

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10120-013-0324-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-013-0324-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047807253

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24337435


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