Prognostic factor analysis of third-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-08

AUTHORS

Hyun Jeong Shim, Ju Young Yun, Jun Eul Hwang, Woo Kyun Bae, Sang Hee Cho, Ik Joo Chung

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Almost all patients with advanced gastric cancer will eventually develop progressive disease after first-line chemotherapy. However, the role of subsequent salvage chemotherapy remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors for the survival of patients with advanced gastric cancer who received third-line chemotherapy. METHODS: We reviewed 502 patients with advanced gastric cancer who received palliative chemotherapy at the Onocology Department of Hwasun Chonnam National University Hospital (2004-2008). Among them, 174 received third-line chemotherapy. To evaluate the clinicopathologic factors that affected overall survival, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on the baseline factors before beginning third-line chemotherapy. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis found 4 prognostic factors affecting poor survival following third-line chemotherapy: performance status of 2-3 (hazard ratio [HR] 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-2.02; P = 0.022), serum albumin level < 4 mg/dL (HR 1.82, 95% CI 1.32-2.53; P < 0.00), poor histologic type (HR 1.77, 95% CI 1.27-2.47; P = 0.001), and progression-free survival of <2.7 months following second-line chemotherapy (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.09-2.08; P = 0.012). A prognostic index was constructed, dividing patients into low- (0-1 factor), intermediate- (2 or 3 risk factors), or high- (4 risk factors) risk groups. Median survival times for each group were 11.8, 6.7, and 3.3 months, respectively (P < 0.00). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis suggests that some clinicopathologic factors might be helpful in identifying the subgroup of patients most likely to benefit from third-line chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer. More... »

PAGES

249-256

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10120-011-0032-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10120-011-0032-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023917486

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21431297


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