Photobiomodulation with single and combination laser wavelengths on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells: proliferation and differentiation to bone or cartilage View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Reza Fekrazad, Sohrab Asefi, Mohammadreza Baghban Eslaminejad, Leila Taghiar, Sima Bordbar, Michael R. Hamblin

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering aims to take advantage of the ability of undifferentiated stem cells to differentiate into multiple cell types to repair damaged tissue. Photobiomodulation uses either lasers or light-emitting diodes to promote stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study aimed to investigate single and dual combinations of laser wavelengths on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs were derived from rabbit iliac bone marrow. One control and eight laser irradiated groups were designated as Infrared (IR, 810 nm), Red (R, 660 nm), Green (G, 532 nm), Blue (B, 485 nm), IR-R, IR-B, R-G, and B-G. Irradiation was repeated daily for 21 days and cell proliferation, osseous, or cartilaginous differentiation was then measured. RT-PCR biomarkers were SOX9, aggrecan, COL 2, and COL 10 expression for cartilage and ALP, COL 1, and osteocalcin expression for bone. Cellular proliferation was increased in all irradiated groups except G. All cartilage markers were significantly increased by IR and IR-B except COL 10 which was suppressed by IR-B combination. ALP expression was highest in R and IR groups during osseous differentiation. ALP was decreased by combinations of IR with B and with R, and also by G alone. R and B-G groups showed stimulated COL 1 expression; however, COL 1 was suppressed in IR-B, IR-R, and G groups. IR significantly increased osteocalcin expression, but in B, B-G, and G groups it was reduced. Cartilage differentiation was stimulated by IR and IR-B laser irradiation. The effects of single or combined laser irradiation were not clear-cut on osseous differentiation. Stimulatory effects on osteogenesis were seen for R and IR lasers, while G laser had inhibitory effects. More... »

PAGES

115-126

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-02. Different effects of energy dependent irradiation of red and green lights on proliferation of human umbilical cord matrix-derived mesenchymal cells in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2012-01. Low-level laser therapy: a useful technique for enhancing the proliferation of various cultured cells in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2014-07. Laser-induced osteoblast proliferation is mediated by ROS production in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2017-12. Red (660 nm) or near-infrared (810 nm) photobiomodulation stimulates, while blue (415 nm), green (540 nm) light inhibits proliferation in human adipose-derived stem cells in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2003-05. Effect of low-level laser irradiation on osteoglycin gene expression in osteoblasts in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2012-03. Effects of low-level laser irradiation on mesenchymal stem cell proliferation: a microarray analysis in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2016-12. Photobiomodulation (blue and green light) encourages osteoblastic-differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells: role of intracellular calcium and light-gated ion channels in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2012-03. The effects of low-level laser irradiation on differentiation and proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells into neurons and osteoblasts—an in vitro study in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2010-11. Non-surgical periodontal therapy assisted by potassium–titanyl–phosphate laser: a pilot study in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2015-11. Effect of low-level laser therapy on mesenchymal stem cell proliferation: a systematic review in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2010-07. Low-level Er:YAG laser irradiation enhances osteoblast proliferation through activation of MAPK/ERK in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273187

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30264177


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1004", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical Biotechnology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/10", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Technology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Alkaline Phosphatase", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Bone and Bones", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cartilage", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cell Differentiation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cell Lineage", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cell Proliferation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cell Shape", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cells, Cultured", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Chondrogenesis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Collagen Type I", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Collagen Type II", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Gene Expression Regulation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Lasers", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Low-Level Light Therapy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Mesenchymal Stem Cells", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Osteogenesis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Rabbits", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Aja University of Medical Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411259.a", 
              "name": [
                "Periodontics Department, Dentistry School, Laser Research Center in Medical Sciences, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran", 
                "International Network for Photo Medicine and Photo Dynamic Therapy (INPMPDT), Universal Scientific Education and ResearchNetwork (USERN), Tehran, Iran"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fekrazad", 
            "givenName": "Reza", 
            "id": "sg:person.01364752477.00", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364752477.00"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Tehran University of Medical Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411705.6", 
              "name": [
                "Orthodontic Department, Dentistry School, International Campus of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Asefi", 
            "givenName": "Sohrab", 
            "id": "sg:person.01063130240.54", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01063130240.54"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Royan Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Eslaminejad", 
            "givenName": "Mohammadreza Baghban", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Royan Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Taghiar", 
            "givenName": "Leila", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Royan Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bordbar", 
            "givenName": "Sima", 
            "id": "sg:person.01025671054.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01025671054.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Harvard\u2013MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413735.7", 
              "name": [
                "Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 02114, Boston, MA, USA", 
                "Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, 02115, Boston, MA, USA", 
                "Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 02139, Cambridge, MA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hamblin", 
            "givenName": "Michael R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01207607270.98", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207607270.98"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20791", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000190287"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20791", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000190287"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000881621"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003375944", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003375944", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep33719", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009231529", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33719"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009312616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009312616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010535896", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010535896", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011298744", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011298744", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012954424", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012954424", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015581776", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015581776", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015581776", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015581776", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.12.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025205676"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.1993.tb00353.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025768889"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.1993.tb00353.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025768889"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.09-027.hamblin", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026215210"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.09-027.hamblin", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026215210"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.24119", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027547454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00001665-200607000-00023", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029261403"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00001665-200607000-00023", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029261403"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20492", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030143754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-003-0255-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032709491", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-003-0255-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033145168"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20759", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033145168"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-2482", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033649607"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20709", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036393488"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2012.06.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041537327"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041621385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041621385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041621385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.143", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042379237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-169x.2006.00874.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042842056"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044147474", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044147474", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.08.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046306693"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2014.00036", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046433352"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.9848", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047049087"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049106544"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059305748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.161", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059305752"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2007.2055", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306015"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2484", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306342"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2487", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2749", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306480"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059307055"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059307056"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2011.0695", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059310523"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.11-009.hamblin", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069289370"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.11-009.hamblin", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069289370"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040023", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040041", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091143321", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091143321", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
        "description": "Tissue engineering aims to take advantage of the ability of undifferentiated stem cells to differentiate into multiple cell types to repair damaged tissue. Photobiomodulation uses either lasers or light-emitting diodes to promote stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study aimed to investigate single and dual combinations of laser wavelengths on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs were derived from rabbit iliac bone marrow. One control and eight laser irradiated groups were designated as Infrared (IR, 810\u00a0nm), Red (R, 660\u00a0nm), Green (G, 532\u00a0nm), Blue (B, 485\u00a0nm), IR-R, IR-B, R-G, and B-G. Irradiation was repeated daily for 21\u00a0days and cell proliferation, osseous, or cartilaginous differentiation was then measured. RT-PCR biomarkers were SOX9, aggrecan, COL 2, and COL 10 expression for cartilage and ALP, COL 1, and osteocalcin expression for bone. Cellular proliferation was increased in all irradiated groups except G. All cartilage markers were significantly increased by IR and IR-B except COL 10 which was suppressed by IR-B combination. ALP expression was highest in R and IR groups during osseous differentiation. ALP was decreased by combinations of IR with B and with R, and also by G alone. R and B-G groups showed stimulated COL 1 expression; however, COL 1 was suppressed in IR-B, IR-R, and G groups. IR significantly increased osteocalcin expression, but in B, B-G, and G groups it was reduced. Cartilage differentiation was stimulated by IR and IR-B laser irradiation. The effects of single or combined laser irradiation were not clear-cut on osseous differentiation. Stimulatory effects on osteogenesis were seen for R and IR lasers, while G laser had inhibitory effects.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2455671", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.4729767", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1096630", 
            "issn": [
              "0268-8921", 
              "1435-604X"
            ], 
            "name": "Lasers in Medical Science", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "34"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Photobiomodulation with single and combination laser wavelengths on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells: proliferation and differentiation to bone or cartilage", 
        "pagination": "115-126", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8b0c2c5b120e234051feb25664b507a3b256ddf2224e184b250cbe11165e747b"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30264177"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8611515"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107273187"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273187"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:51", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89789_00000003.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10103-018-2620-8"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    322 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      88 URIs      39 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8 schema:about N09c4dfe32588446c8569d22c55026b05
    2 N121c3b181d6d49fbbd59578892a6b3f0
    3 N124c213ea99b4ab8b22b7413883d19d1
    4 N3121ae2fc8994ae4b6ad89613ca9a407
    5 N313cde19992446c8abad3cee0316f4ee
    6 N36f64379faa34c24a84ef6cb332a3db7
    7 N4e018bd9d97849a89f58231f24799d41
    8 N5e955391bad7488f866d08e2d54b1296
    9 N66fa3c5066d34ad199f6c19075842b4a
    10 N90a17f8569914d9f857bf9eea34f32b0
    11 Nb5678eef6a1d44098dc822bc71ac415f
    12 Nb56a118855924cc6993d3722716fb6d0
    13 Nb61ff00e9cf947a1bfd8b760b969e7d1
    14 Nc88323c90f0c49d3afe451ad607f2aa8
    15 Ne5d193ab446f40229a154437afaaebc9
    16 Ne8938caf0a91426b9b4a64830f5c87a9
    17 Neaaefc2d3d004ebb98dc2a5f81e450cf
    18 Nfe3f9e1bb1fe4742ad78913f323b0609
    19 anzsrc-for:10
    20 anzsrc-for:1004
    21 schema:author N1bde7270a1de4eb5809907951122f3c0
    22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-003-0255-9
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y
    31 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w
    32 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33719
    33 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040023
    34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040041
    35 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.24119
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20492
    37 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20709
    38 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20759
    39 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20791
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.08.002
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.12.005
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2012.06.001
    43 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.10
    44 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.161
    45 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2007.2055
    46 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2484
    47 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2487
    48 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2749
    49 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4028
    50 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4029
    51 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.9848
    52 https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2011.0695
    53 https://doi.org/10.1097/00001665-200607000-00023
    54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-169x.2006.00874.x
    55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.1993.tb00353.x
    56 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128001
    57 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128006
    58 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.143
    59 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-2482
    60 https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.09-027.hamblin
    61 https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.11-009.hamblin
    62 https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2014.00036
    63 schema:datePublished 2019-02
    64 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
    65 schema:description Tissue engineering aims to take advantage of the ability of undifferentiated stem cells to differentiate into multiple cell types to repair damaged tissue. Photobiomodulation uses either lasers or light-emitting diodes to promote stem cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study aimed to investigate single and dual combinations of laser wavelengths on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs were derived from rabbit iliac bone marrow. One control and eight laser irradiated groups were designated as Infrared (IR, 810 nm), Red (R, 660 nm), Green (G, 532 nm), Blue (B, 485 nm), IR-R, IR-B, R-G, and B-G. Irradiation was repeated daily for 21 days and cell proliferation, osseous, or cartilaginous differentiation was then measured. RT-PCR biomarkers were SOX9, aggrecan, COL 2, and COL 10 expression for cartilage and ALP, COL 1, and osteocalcin expression for bone. Cellular proliferation was increased in all irradiated groups except G. All cartilage markers were significantly increased by IR and IR-B except COL 10 which was suppressed by IR-B combination. ALP expression was highest in R and IR groups during osseous differentiation. ALP was decreased by combinations of IR with B and with R, and also by G alone. R and B-G groups showed stimulated COL 1 expression; however, COL 1 was suppressed in IR-B, IR-R, and G groups. IR significantly increased osteocalcin expression, but in B, B-G, and G groups it was reduced. Cartilage differentiation was stimulated by IR and IR-B laser irradiation. The effects of single or combined laser irradiation were not clear-cut on osseous differentiation. Stimulatory effects on osteogenesis were seen for R and IR lasers, while G laser had inhibitory effects.
    66 schema:genre research_article
    67 schema:inLanguage en
    68 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    69 schema:isPartOf N03ad63a087be4397ab15a3610eaf17a4
    70 N8af8197489ce445cabb1d006ffedbc69
    71 sg:journal.1096630
    72 schema:name Photobiomodulation with single and combination laser wavelengths on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells: proliferation and differentiation to bone or cartilage
    73 schema:pagination 115-126
    74 schema:productId N021b8d3faea44139b00cf1c4e2cb6d4c
    75 N30c26f2b6eb047e980426225548d3bc6
    76 N92739add146949cdb0395b189a658c63
    77 N97f06b87903549af9141fd7e4a79098b
    78 Nc8fdc12eba674acbadc2963fc94f8223
    79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107273187
    80 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8
    81 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:51
    82 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    83 schema:sdPublisher N4d4442a8b9df48418e92831b9aa6bda0
    84 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs10103-018-2620-8
    85 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    86 sgo:sdDataset articles
    87 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    88 N0202981a93904e98b5b43a9133f5a394 rdf:first Nd9a0eee75216480197b96048d427e12c
    89 rdf:rest N7b7d3ff90b3e44b29de27b18f06cbbab
    90 N021b8d3faea44139b00cf1c4e2cb6d4c schema:name readcube_id
    91 schema:value 8b0c2c5b120e234051feb25664b507a3b256ddf2224e184b250cbe11165e747b
    92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    93 N03ad63a087be4397ab15a3610eaf17a4 schema:issueNumber 1
    94 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    95 N09c4dfe32588446c8569d22c55026b05 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    96 schema:name Cell Differentiation
    97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    98 N121c3b181d6d49fbbd59578892a6b3f0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    99 schema:name Collagen Type II
    100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    101 N124c213ea99b4ab8b22b7413883d19d1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    102 schema:name Cell Lineage
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 N1bde7270a1de4eb5809907951122f3c0 rdf:first sg:person.01364752477.00
    105 rdf:rest Ne942e7028b734111a83e0826c680589b
    106 N30c26f2b6eb047e980426225548d3bc6 schema:name dimensions_id
    107 schema:value pub.1107273187
    108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    109 N3121ae2fc8994ae4b6ad89613ca9a407 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Cell Proliferation
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 N313cde19992446c8abad3cee0316f4ee schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    113 schema:name Gene Expression Regulation
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 N36f64379faa34c24a84ef6cb332a3db7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    116 schema:name Animals
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 N4d4442a8b9df48418e92831b9aa6bda0 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    119 rdf:type schema:Organization
    120 N4e018bd9d97849a89f58231f24799d41 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    121 schema:name Alkaline Phosphatase
    122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    123 N5e955391bad7488f866d08e2d54b1296 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    124 schema:name Cartilage
    125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    126 N66fa3c5066d34ad199f6c19075842b4a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    127 schema:name Low-Level Light Therapy
    128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    129 N7b7d3ff90b3e44b29de27b18f06cbbab rdf:first Ne0b0e6f7df4f4fd18b9b6d8fa14f023f
    130 rdf:rest Ned4b2ca6cdd341fa84982c4a0c3647a6
    131 N8af8197489ce445cabb1d006ffedbc69 schema:volumeNumber 34
    132 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    133 N90a17f8569914d9f857bf9eea34f32b0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    134 schema:name Bone and Bones
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 N92739add146949cdb0395b189a658c63 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    137 schema:value 8611515
    138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    139 N97f06b87903549af9141fd7e4a79098b schema:name doi
    140 schema:value 10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8
    141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    142 N9d943bd03f3143feb54950d4944bf984 rdf:first sg:person.01207607270.98
    143 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    144 Nb5678eef6a1d44098dc822bc71ac415f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    145 schema:name Cell Shape
    146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    147 Nb56a118855924cc6993d3722716fb6d0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    148 schema:name Lasers
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 Nb61ff00e9cf947a1bfd8b760b969e7d1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    151 schema:name Osteogenesis
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 Nc88323c90f0c49d3afe451ad607f2aa8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    154 schema:name Rabbits
    155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    156 Nc8fdc12eba674acbadc2963fc94f8223 schema:name pubmed_id
    157 schema:value 30264177
    158 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    159 Nd9a0eee75216480197b96048d427e12c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a
    160 schema:familyName Eslaminejad
    161 schema:givenName Mohammadreza Baghban
    162 rdf:type schema:Person
    163 Ne0b0e6f7df4f4fd18b9b6d8fa14f023f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a
    164 schema:familyName Taghiar
    165 schema:givenName Leila
    166 rdf:type schema:Person
    167 Ne5d193ab446f40229a154437afaaebc9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    168 schema:name Cells, Cultured
    169 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    170 Ne8938caf0a91426b9b4a64830f5c87a9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    171 schema:name Collagen Type I
    172 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    173 Ne942e7028b734111a83e0826c680589b rdf:first sg:person.01063130240.54
    174 rdf:rest N0202981a93904e98b5b43a9133f5a394
    175 Neaaefc2d3d004ebb98dc2a5f81e450cf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    176 schema:name Mesenchymal Stem Cells
    177 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    178 Ned4b2ca6cdd341fa84982c4a0c3647a6 rdf:first sg:person.01025671054.16
    179 rdf:rest N9d943bd03f3143feb54950d4944bf984
    180 Nfe3f9e1bb1fe4742ad78913f323b0609 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    181 schema:name Chondrogenesis
    182 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    183 anzsrc-for:10 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    184 schema:name Technology
    185 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    186 anzsrc-for:1004 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    187 schema:name Medical Biotechnology
    188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    189 sg:grant.2455671 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8
    190 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    191 sg:grant.4729767 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2620-8
    192 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    193 sg:journal.1096630 schema:issn 0268-8921
    194 1435-604X
    195 schema:name Lasers in Medical Science
    196 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    197 sg:person.01025671054.16 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a
    198 schema:familyName Bordbar
    199 schema:givenName Sima
    200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01025671054.16
    201 rdf:type schema:Person
    202 sg:person.01063130240.54 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411705.6
    203 schema:familyName Asefi
    204 schema:givenName Sohrab
    205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01063130240.54
    206 rdf:type schema:Person
    207 sg:person.01207607270.98 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413735.7
    208 schema:familyName Hamblin
    209 schema:givenName Michael R.
    210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207607270.98
    211 rdf:type schema:Person
    212 sg:person.01364752477.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411259.a
    213 schema:familyName Fekrazad
    214 schema:givenName Reza
    215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364752477.00
    216 rdf:type schema:Person
    217 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-003-0255-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032709491
    218 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-003-0255-9
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015581776
    221 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0738-4
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041621385
    224 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0761-5
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011298744
    227 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0885-2
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012954424
    230 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0930-1
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003375944
    233 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0995-x
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010535896
    236 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1556-x
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009312616
    239 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1730-9
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044147474
    242 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-015-1846-y
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091143321
    245 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07525-w
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33719 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009231529
    248 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33719
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040023 schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079040041 schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.1002/jcp.24119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027547454
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20492 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030143754
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20709 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036393488
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20759 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033145168
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1002/lsm.20791 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000190287
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.08.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046306693
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.12.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025205676
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpor.2012.06.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041537327
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059305748
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2005.23.161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059305752
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2007.2055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306015
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2484 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306342
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306345
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2009.2749 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059306480
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059307055
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.4029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059307056
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1089/pho.2015.9848 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047049087
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2011.0695 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059310523
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1097/00001665-200607000-00023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029261403
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-169x.2006.00874.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042842056
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4725.1993.tb00353.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025768889
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049106544
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.18.12.128006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000881621
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5411.143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042379237
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-2482 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033649607
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.09-027.hamblin schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026215210
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.2203/dose-response.11-009.hamblin schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069289370
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2014.00036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046433352
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411259.a schema:alternateName Aja University of Medical Sciences
    309 schema:name International Network for Photo Medicine and Photo Dynamic Therapy (INPMPDT), Universal Scientific Education and ResearchNetwork (USERN), Tehran, Iran
    310 Periodontics Department, Dentistry School, Laser Research Center in Medical Sciences, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    311 rdf:type schema:Organization
    312 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411705.6 schema:alternateName Tehran University of Medical Sciences
    313 schema:name Orthodontic Department, Dentistry School, International Campus of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    314 rdf:type schema:Organization
    315 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413735.7 schema:alternateName Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology
    316 schema:name Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, 02115, Boston, MA, USA
    317 Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 02139, Cambridge, MA, USA
    318 Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 02114, Boston, MA, USA
    319 rdf:type schema:Organization
    320 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419336.a schema:alternateName Royan Institute
    321 schema:name Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
    322 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...