Effectiveness of low concentration of sodium hypochlorite activated by Er,Cr:YSGG laser against Enterococcus faecalis biofilm View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

P. Betancourt, A. Merlos, J. M. Sierra, O. Camps-Font, J. Arnabat-Dominguez, M. Viñas

ABSTRACT

Bacteria living in biofilms exhibit altered growth phenotypes, while the biofilm provides benefits, the foremost of which is a certain protection against both immune system and killing effect by antimicrobials. Laser-activated irrigation (LAI) and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) have been proposed as alternative methods for cleaning and disinfecting the root canal, as an adjuvant to conventional chemo-mechanical preparation in order to improve debridement and disinfection. Nevertheless, the potential antibacterial effect of LAI using 0.5% of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) has received little attention. Glass Pasteur pipettes were used to mimic single-tooth root canal and to build Enterococcus faecalis biofilm. Several irrigants and treatments were assayed for 60 s including (I) Saline, (II) NaOCl 0.5%, (III) NaOCl 5%, (IV) Er,Cr:YSGG, (V) Saline + LAI, (VI) NaOCl 0.5% + LAI, (VII) Saline + PUI, and (VIII) NaOCl 0.5% + PUI. Bacterial reduction was measured by counting the colony-forming units (CFUs). Additionally, AFM visualization and measurement of nano-roughness parameters were used to evaluate LAI effect on bacteria. NaOCl 5% unpowered and NaOCl 0.5% + LAI were capable of eliminating all bacteria, whereas non-activated saline solution and NaOCl 0.5% failed to eliminate E. faecalis. Lower efficiencies were achieved by PUI. Surface analysis by AFM revealed apparent alterations in NaOCl + LAI-treated cells. The Er,Cr:YSGG laser-activated irrigation (LAI) increased the bactericidal efficiency of 0.5% NaOCl against E. faecalis biofilm. More... »

PAGES

247-254

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-018-2578-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-018-2578-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105332509

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29980946


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