Efficiency of soft tissue incision with a novel 445-nm semiconductor laser View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09-09

AUTHORS

Andreas Braun, Moritz Kettner, Michael Berthold, Johannes-Simon Wenzler, Paul Günther Baptist Heymann, Roland Frankenberger

ABSTRACT

Using a 445-nm semiconductor laser for tissue incision, an effective cut is expected due to the special absorption properties of blue laser light in soft tissues. The aim of the present study was the histological evaluation of tissue samples after incision with a 445-nm diode laser. Forty soft tissue specimens were obtained from pork oral mucosa and mounted on a motorized linear translation stage. The handpiece of a high-frequency surgery device, a 970-nm semiconductor laser, and a 445-nm semiconductor laser were connected to the slide, allowing a constant linear movement (2 mm/s) and the same distance of the working tip to the soft tissue’s surface. Four incisions were made each: (I) 970-nm laser with conditioned fiber tip, contact mode at 3-W cw; (II–III): 445-nm laser with non-conditioned fiber tip, contact mode at 2-W cw, and non-contact mode (1 mm) at 2 W; and (IV): high-frequency surgery device with straight working tip, 90° angulation, contact mode at 50 W. Histological analysis was performed after H&E staining of the embedded specimens at 35-fold magnification. The comparison of the incision depths showed a significant difference depending on the laser wavelength and the selected laser parameters. The highest incision depth was achieved with the 445-nm laser contact mode (median depth 0.61 mm, min 0.26, max 1.17, interquartile range 0.58) (p < 0.05) with the lowest amount of soft tissue denaturation (p < 0.05). The lowest incision depth was measured for the high-frequency surgical device (median depth 0.36 mm, min 0.12, max 1.12, interquartile range 0.23) (p < 0.05). Using a 445-nm semiconductor laser, a higher cutting efficiency can be expected when compared with a 970-nm diode laser and high-frequency surgery. Even the 445-nm laser application in non-contact mode shows clinically acceptable incision depths without signs of extensive soft tissue denaturation. More... »

PAGES

27-33

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-017-2320-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-017-2320-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091513286

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28889322


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