Different laser wavelengths comparison in the second-stage implant surgery: an ex vivo study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-07-03

AUTHORS

Carlo Fornaini, Elisabetta Merigo, Paolo Vescovi, Mauro Bonanini, Walter Antonietti, Luca Leoci, Giuseppe Lagori, Marco Meleti

ABSTRACT

The implant surgery consists of two distinct techniques, the transmucosal, also known as “one-stage” and the “two-stage” technique. Lasers represent a possible aid in implant dentistry, especially in the two-stage technique and its main characteristics are represented by a decreased trauma to bone and soft tissues, a reduction of pain as well as a reduction of the risk of postoperative infections. The aim of this study was to analyze in an animal model the thermal elevation induced by four different laser wavelengths (diode, Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, KTP) during the implant uncovering. Four pig jaws were used to carry out this study. Five implants were placed in each anatomical specimen for a total of 20 fixtures. Four wavelengths (532, 810, 1,064 and 2,940 nm) were used to uncover the implants. Two thermocouples were used to measure temperature changes during laser irradiation at bone level, peri-implant tissues and on the fixture surface The thermocouples were connected with two probes of 1.5 mm in diameter, in order to simultaneously recording two temperature variations. Surface temperature was also checked during all procedures with a thermal camera (Thermovision A 800, Flyr Systems, Stockolm, Sweden) connected to a PC. The mean temperatures of each specimen (five fixtures) were calculated (TM1, mean temperature at the beginning; TM2, mean peak temperature). Furthermore, a record of the temperature at 1 min after the end of the surgical procedure was taken (mean: TM3). All the recorded values were statistically evaluated by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The thermocouples recorded a lower increase in temperature for Er:YAG and KTP laser; Nd:YAG and diode laser produced similar increases characterized by higher values. The thermo-camera pointed out the lower increase for Er:YAG and higher for diode laser. KTP laser resulted faster in uncovering implants and diode laser was the one that needed more time. This ex vivo study showed that laser utilization with the recommended parameters gives no risks of dangerous thermal elevation to the tissues and implants. More... »

PAGES

1631-1639

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-07-28. Histological in vitro evaluation of the effects of Er:YAG laser on oral soft tissues in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2008-04-18. Determination of spatial distribution of increase in bone temperature during drilling by infrared thermography: preliminary report in ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY
  • 2010-02-17. Effects of KTP laser on oral soft tissues. An in vitro study in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2007-08-30. Thermal osteonecrosis and bone drilling parameters revisited in ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY
  • 2007-04-14. Surgical laser use in implantology and endodontics in BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL
  • 2011-01-28. Temperature change during non-contact diode laser irradiation of implant surfaces in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2010-11-03. Different air-water spray regulations affect the healing of Er,Cr:YSGG laser incisions in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2009-09-11. Advantages and esthetic results of erbium, chromium:yttrium–scandium–gallium–garnet laser application in second-stage implant surgery in patients with insufficient gingival attachment: a report of three cases in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2012-04-14. Laser-assisted surgery with different wavelengths: a preliminary ex vivo study on thermal increase and histological evaluation in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2006-06-10. Surface and pulp chamber temperature rises during tooth bleaching using a diode laser: a study in vitro in BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL
  • 2007-02-01. Laser applications in oral surgery and implant dentistry in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • 2007. Laser-Tissue Interactions, Fundamentals and Applications in NONE
  • 2009-05-09. Laser wavelengths and oral implantology in LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030773521

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24989333


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0903", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biomedical Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Dental Implants", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Lasers, Semiconductor", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Lasers, Solid-State", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sus scrofa", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Temperature", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fornaini", 
            "givenName": "Carlo", 
            "id": "sg:person.01247572253.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01247572253.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Merigo", 
            "givenName": "Elisabetta", 
            "id": "sg:person.01256747505.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256747505.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Vescovi", 
            "givenName": "Paolo", 
            "id": "sg:person.01210634305.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210634305.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bonanini", 
            "givenName": "Mauro", 
            "id": "sg:person.01076512461.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076512461.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Antonietti", 
            "givenName": "Walter", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Leoci", 
            "givenName": "Luca", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lagori", 
            "givenName": "Giuseppe", 
            "id": "sg:person.01150507764.52", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01150507764.52"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10383.39", 
              "name": [
                "Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit\u2014Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Meleti", 
            "givenName": "Marco", 
            "id": "sg:person.01142704667.60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01142704667.60"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0728-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032652215", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0728-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0427-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003704398", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0427-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72192-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036289216", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72192-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0876-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037635270", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0876-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/bdj.2007.284", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023523238", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/bdj.2007.284"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0969-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041347404", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0969-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008307469", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-007-0440-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005968920", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-007-0440-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0849-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048152168", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0849-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0756-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041138044", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0756-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bdj.4813644", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015507089", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4813644"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-012-1081-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045811985", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-012-1081-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-008-0630-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029871758", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-008-0630-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2014-07-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2014-07-03", 
        "description": "The implant surgery consists of two distinct techniques, the transmucosal, also known as \u201cone-stage\u201d and the \u201ctwo-stage\u201d technique. Lasers represent a possible aid in implant dentistry, especially in the two-stage technique and its main characteristics are represented by a decreased trauma to bone and soft tissues, a reduction of pain as well as a reduction of the risk of postoperative infections. The aim of this study was to analyze in an animal model the thermal elevation induced by four different laser wavelengths (diode, Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, KTP) during the implant uncovering. Four pig jaws were used to carry out this study. Five implants were placed in each anatomical specimen for a total of 20 fixtures. Four wavelengths (532, 810, 1,064 and 2,940\u00a0nm) were used to uncover the implants. Two thermocouples were used to measure temperature changes during laser irradiation at bone level, peri-implant tissues and on the fixture surface The thermocouples were connected with two probes of 1.5\u00a0mm in diameter, in order to simultaneously recording two temperature variations. Surface temperature was also checked during all procedures with a thermal camera (Thermovision A 800, Flyr Systems, Stockolm, Sweden) connected to a PC. The mean temperatures of each specimen (five fixtures) were calculated (TM1, mean temperature at the beginning; TM2, mean peak temperature). Furthermore, a record of the temperature at 1\u00a0min after the end of the surgical procedure was taken (mean: TM3). All the recorded values were statistically evaluated by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The thermocouples recorded a lower increase in temperature for Er:YAG and KTP laser; Nd:YAG and diode laser produced similar increases characterized by higher values. The thermo-camera pointed out the lower increase for Er:YAG and higher for diode laser. KTP laser resulted faster in uncovering implants and diode laser was the one that needed more time. This ex vivo study showed that laser utilization with the recommended parameters gives no risks of dangerous thermal elevation to the tissues and implants.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1096630", 
            "issn": [
              "0268-8921", 
              "1435-604X"
            ], 
            "name": "Lasers in Medical Science", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "30"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "thermal elevation", 
          "implant surgery", 
          "second-stage implant surgery", 
          "vivo studies", 
          "reduction of pain", 
          "KTP laser", 
          "fixture surface", 
          "thermo-camera", 
          "peri-implant tissues", 
          "thermal camera", 
          "diode laser", 
          "thermocouples", 
          "ex vivo study", 
          "postoperative infection", 
          "temperature variation", 
          "bone level", 
          "lower increase", 
          "implant uncovering", 
          "surgical procedures", 
          "animal models", 
          "implant dentistry", 
          "surface temperature", 
          "temperature changes", 
          "soft tissue", 
          "one-way analysis", 
          "temperature", 
          "different lasers", 
          "similar increase", 
          "two-stage", 
          "surgery", 
          "laser", 
          "laser irradiation", 
          "pig jaws", 
          "laser wavelength", 
          "implants", 
          "different laser wavelengths", 
          "two-stage technique", 
          "tissue", 
          "YAG", 
          "laser utilization", 
          "specimen", 
          "one-stage", 
          "risk", 
          "anatomical specimen", 
          "elevation", 
          "wavelength", 
          "higher values", 
          "fixture", 
          "main characteristics", 
          "possible aid", 
          "pain", 
          "technique", 
          "infection", 
          "study", 
          "trauma", 
          "transmucosal", 
          "surface", 
          "distinct techniques", 
          "increase", 
          "more time", 
          "dentistry", 
          "ER", 
          "total", 
          "bone", 
          "jaw", 
          "camera", 
          "diameter", 
          "mean temperature", 
          "reduction", 
          "procedure", 
          "parameters", 
          "aim", 
          "min", 
          "Nd", 
          "values", 
          "characteristics", 
          "irradiation", 
          "levels", 
          "records", 
          "order", 
          "model", 
          "utilization", 
          "changes", 
          "variation", 
          "comparison", 
          "PC", 
          "aid", 
          "time", 
          "probe", 
          "one", 
          "analysis", 
          "end", 
          "uncovering", 
          "variance", 
          "dangerous thermal elevation"
        ], 
        "name": "Different laser wavelengths comparison in the second-stage implant surgery: an ex vivo study", 
        "pagination": "1631-1639", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1030773521"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "24989333"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030773521"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:32", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_623.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    280 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      140 URIs      119 LITERALS      13 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3 schema:about N1432ed2d2da946d384c4f30fc9f65187
    2 N2d7055d589154c9c83dcd40109c31701
    3 N8360dd1c06ea4d4ab7e674ccc9fecd68
    4 N9e55de6ef9604d4ca777e5d27a694793
    5 Na6d2bb1a95ee4f6fab7f5ee47938c5b9
    6 Ne4983898f35342d1b83dc6a26d490828
    7 anzsrc-for:09
    8 anzsrc-for:0903
    9 schema:author N3ab1429a3f2844f09d65fed568f17dc4
    10 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72192-5
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0427-3
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-008-0630-x
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-007-0440-3
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0728-6
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0756-2
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0849-y
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0876-8
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0969-z
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-012-1081-8
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/bdj.2007.284
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bdj.4813644
    23 schema:datePublished 2014-07-03
    24 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-07-03
    25 schema:description The implant surgery consists of two distinct techniques, the transmucosal, also known as “one-stage” and the “two-stage” technique. Lasers represent a possible aid in implant dentistry, especially in the two-stage technique and its main characteristics are represented by a decreased trauma to bone and soft tissues, a reduction of pain as well as a reduction of the risk of postoperative infections. The aim of this study was to analyze in an animal model the thermal elevation induced by four different laser wavelengths (diode, Nd:YAG, Er:YAG, KTP) during the implant uncovering. Four pig jaws were used to carry out this study. Five implants were placed in each anatomical specimen for a total of 20 fixtures. Four wavelengths (532, 810, 1,064 and 2,940 nm) were used to uncover the implants. Two thermocouples were used to measure temperature changes during laser irradiation at bone level, peri-implant tissues and on the fixture surface The thermocouples were connected with two probes of 1.5 mm in diameter, in order to simultaneously recording two temperature variations. Surface temperature was also checked during all procedures with a thermal camera (Thermovision A 800, Flyr Systems, Stockolm, Sweden) connected to a PC. The mean temperatures of each specimen (five fixtures) were calculated (TM1, mean temperature at the beginning; TM2, mean peak temperature). Furthermore, a record of the temperature at 1 min after the end of the surgical procedure was taken (mean: TM3). All the recorded values were statistically evaluated by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The thermocouples recorded a lower increase in temperature for Er:YAG and KTP laser; Nd:YAG and diode laser produced similar increases characterized by higher values. The thermo-camera pointed out the lower increase for Er:YAG and higher for diode laser. KTP laser resulted faster in uncovering implants and diode laser was the one that needed more time. This ex vivo study showed that laser utilization with the recommended parameters gives no risks of dangerous thermal elevation to the tissues and implants.
    26 schema:genre article
    27 schema:inLanguage en
    28 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    29 schema:isPartOf N303f67b3276a4748900a543b75c4a874
    30 N56be0a959c3548b5901537de1625880b
    31 sg:journal.1096630
    32 schema:keywords ER
    33 KTP laser
    34 Nd
    35 PC
    36 YAG
    37 aid
    38 aim
    39 analysis
    40 anatomical specimen
    41 animal models
    42 bone
    43 bone level
    44 camera
    45 changes
    46 characteristics
    47 comparison
    48 dangerous thermal elevation
    49 dentistry
    50 diameter
    51 different laser wavelengths
    52 different lasers
    53 diode laser
    54 distinct techniques
    55 elevation
    56 end
    57 ex vivo study
    58 fixture
    59 fixture surface
    60 higher values
    61 implant dentistry
    62 implant surgery
    63 implant uncovering
    64 implants
    65 increase
    66 infection
    67 irradiation
    68 jaw
    69 laser
    70 laser irradiation
    71 laser utilization
    72 laser wavelength
    73 levels
    74 lower increase
    75 main characteristics
    76 mean temperature
    77 min
    78 model
    79 more time
    80 one
    81 one-stage
    82 one-way analysis
    83 order
    84 pain
    85 parameters
    86 peri-implant tissues
    87 pig jaws
    88 possible aid
    89 postoperative infection
    90 probe
    91 procedure
    92 records
    93 reduction
    94 reduction of pain
    95 risk
    96 second-stage implant surgery
    97 similar increase
    98 soft tissue
    99 specimen
    100 study
    101 surface
    102 surface temperature
    103 surgery
    104 surgical procedures
    105 technique
    106 temperature
    107 temperature changes
    108 temperature variation
    109 thermal camera
    110 thermal elevation
    111 thermo-camera
    112 thermocouples
    113 time
    114 tissue
    115 total
    116 transmucosal
    117 trauma
    118 two-stage
    119 two-stage technique
    120 uncovering
    121 utilization
    122 values
    123 variance
    124 variation
    125 vivo studies
    126 wavelength
    127 schema:name Different laser wavelengths comparison in the second-stage implant surgery: an ex vivo study
    128 schema:pagination 1631-1639
    129 schema:productId N00809cb4978d440fb409299807682306
    130 N4e911b75d29c462f957e02cae65c4e25
    131 Nafd29dcbd91840449d704f06723acbc0
    132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030773521
    133 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3
    134 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:32
    135 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    136 schema:sdPublisher N60fe73a472ea4436ad25fd662ccc240d
    137 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3
    138 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    139 sgo:sdDataset articles
    140 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    141 N0076ddcb3825411f9d44cb53fc94bf2c schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    142 schema:familyName Antonietti
    143 schema:givenName Walter
    144 rdf:type schema:Person
    145 N00809cb4978d440fb409299807682306 schema:name dimensions_id
    146 schema:value pub.1030773521
    147 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    148 N1432ed2d2da946d384c4f30fc9f65187 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    149 schema:name Dental Implants
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 N21dbb6b7df894998ba496bc40a2e4f16 rdf:first sg:person.01150507764.52
    152 rdf:rest N7bafa91710f34d99ba8b15656e21fe56
    153 N2d7055d589154c9c83dcd40109c31701 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    154 schema:name Lasers, Solid-State
    155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    156 N303f67b3276a4748900a543b75c4a874 schema:volumeNumber 30
    157 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    158 N3ab1429a3f2844f09d65fed568f17dc4 rdf:first sg:person.01247572253.75
    159 rdf:rest Nd4c8c4175d9a4193a2a32e52a5c37064
    160 N4e911b75d29c462f957e02cae65c4e25 schema:name doi
    161 schema:value 10.1007/s10103-014-1623-3
    162 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    163 N56be0a959c3548b5901537de1625880b schema:issueNumber 6
    164 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    165 N60fe73a472ea4436ad25fd662ccc240d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    166 rdf:type schema:Organization
    167 N735b473719cc44c596c81c0c54873006 rdf:first N0076ddcb3825411f9d44cb53fc94bf2c
    168 rdf:rest N90e1f5a248d34f51b6e1f59c06706270
    169 N7bafa91710f34d99ba8b15656e21fe56 rdf:first sg:person.01142704667.60
    170 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    171 N8360dd1c06ea4d4ab7e674ccc9fecd68 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    172 schema:name Sus scrofa
    173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    174 N90e1f5a248d34f51b6e1f59c06706270 rdf:first Nb358ac2a2f534b5e824848b8deeb81c1
    175 rdf:rest N21dbb6b7df894998ba496bc40a2e4f16
    176 N91283fa181ea44cd88c2e00f35354a7f rdf:first sg:person.01076512461.26
    177 rdf:rest N735b473719cc44c596c81c0c54873006
    178 N9e55de6ef9604d4ca777e5d27a694793 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    179 schema:name Animals
    180 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    181 Na6d2bb1a95ee4f6fab7f5ee47938c5b9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    182 schema:name Temperature
    183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    184 Na915887bbcbc4656b2fb162cf9629dbd rdf:first sg:person.01210634305.95
    185 rdf:rest N91283fa181ea44cd88c2e00f35354a7f
    186 Nafd29dcbd91840449d704f06723acbc0 schema:name pubmed_id
    187 schema:value 24989333
    188 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    189 Nb358ac2a2f534b5e824848b8deeb81c1 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    190 schema:familyName Leoci
    191 schema:givenName Luca
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 Nd4c8c4175d9a4193a2a32e52a5c37064 rdf:first sg:person.01256747505.89
    194 rdf:rest Na915887bbcbc4656b2fb162cf9629dbd
    195 Ne4983898f35342d1b83dc6a26d490828 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    196 schema:name Lasers, Semiconductor
    197 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    198 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    199 schema:name Engineering
    200 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    201 anzsrc-for:0903 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    202 schema:name Biomedical Engineering
    203 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    204 sg:journal.1096630 schema:issn 0268-8921
    205 1435-604X
    206 schema:name Lasers in Medical Science
    207 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    208 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    209 sg:person.01076512461.26 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    210 schema:familyName Bonanini
    211 schema:givenName Mauro
    212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076512461.26
    213 rdf:type schema:Person
    214 sg:person.01142704667.60 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    215 schema:familyName Meleti
    216 schema:givenName Marco
    217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01142704667.60
    218 rdf:type schema:Person
    219 sg:person.01150507764.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    220 schema:familyName Lagori
    221 schema:givenName Giuseppe
    222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01150507764.52
    223 rdf:type schema:Person
    224 sg:person.01210634305.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    225 schema:familyName Vescovi
    226 schema:givenName Paolo
    227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01210634305.95
    228 rdf:type schema:Person
    229 sg:person.01247572253.75 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    230 schema:familyName Fornaini
    231 schema:givenName Carlo
    232 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01247572253.75
    233 rdf:type schema:Person
    234 sg:person.01256747505.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10383.39
    235 schema:familyName Merigo
    236 schema:givenName Elisabetta
    237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01256747505.89
    238 rdf:type schema:Person
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-72192-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036289216
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-72192-5
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-007-0427-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003704398
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-007-0427-3
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-008-0630-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029871758
    246 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-008-0630-x
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-007-0440-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005968920
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-007-0440-3
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008307469
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-009-0728-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032652215
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-009-0728-6
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0756-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041138044
    258 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0756-2
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0849-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048152168
    261 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0849-y
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-010-0876-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037635270
    264 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0876-8
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-011-0969-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041347404
    267 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-011-0969-z
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 sg:pub.10.1007/s10103-012-1081-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045811985
    270 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-012-1081-8
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 sg:pub.10.1038/bdj.2007.284 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023523238
    273 https://doi.org/10.1038/bdj.2007.284
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.bdj.4813644 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015507089
    276 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.4813644
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 grid-institutes:grid.10383.39 schema:alternateName Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit—Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    279 schema:name Department (S.Bi.Bi.T), Oral Medicine and Laser Surgery Unit—Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
    280 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...