Strengthening potential of xanthan gum biopolymer in stabilizing weak subgrade soil View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-06-25

AUTHORS

Muhammad Hamza, Zhihong Nie, Mubashir Aziz, Nauman Ijaz, Zain Ijaz, Zia ur Rehman

ABSTRACT

This article presents a comprehensive study on the efficacy of xanthan gum (XG) biopolymer as a green construction material in treating problematic weak subgrade soil (i.e., expansive soil). In this regard, a wide range of geotechnical properties i.e., compaction, unconfined compressive strength (UCS), elastic modulus (E50), energy absorption capacity (Ev), soaked and unsoaked California bearing ratio (CBR), swelling potential, consolidation parameters along with microstructural studies of untreated and treated soils were investigated. The soil was treated with varying percentages of XG (i.e., 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 5.0%) considering the long-term aging period (i.e., 0, 4, 7, 14, 28, and 60 days). Results showed a slight decrease in the maximum dry density of treated soil with increased optimum moisture content. At an optimum XG content of 1.5%, the strength parameters, i.e., UCS-value, E50, Ev, soaked and unsoaked CBR, were significantly increased by 1.8–9 orders of magnitude, transforming the weak subgrade into a hard-quality subgrade for pavement construction. In addition, compression and rebound indices were significantly reduced by 83 and 82%, while swell percentage and pressure were decreased by 79 and 86%, respectively. The microstructural studies showed the cross-linking and binding of soil grains by cementitious hydrogel, which is responsible for ameliorating geotechnical parameters. Based on the findings, XG biopolymer was found to be a promising green construction material for the amelioration of problematic weak subgrade soil. Graphical Abstract More... »

PAGES

1-20

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2021-05-24. Experimental Study on Endurance Performance of Lime and Cement-Treated Cohesive Soil in KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
  • 2022-04-19. Strengthening of high plastic clays by geotextile reinforcement in ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
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  • 2020-08-29. Compaction and Permeability Characteristics of Biopolymer-Treated Soil in SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES AND INNOVATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
  • 2016-05-05. Xanthan gum biopolymer: an eco-friendly additive for stabilization of tropical organic peat in ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES
  • 2018-10-15. Use of xanthan and guar gums in soil strengthening in CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
  • 2020-10-16. Enhancing the geotechnical properties of soil using xanthan gum—an eco-friendly alternative to traditional stabilizers in BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
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  • 2016-04-26. Evaluating the physical characteristics of biopolymer/soil mixtures in ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
  • 2021-10-20. Assessing the potential of xanthan gum to modify in-situ soil as baseliners for landfills in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2020-10-28. Utilize Xanthan gum for enhancing CBR value of used cooking oil-contaminated fine sand subgrade soil for pavement structures in INNOVATIVE INFRASTRUCTURE SOLUTIONS
  • 2017-11-25. Effects of Xanthan Gum Biopolymer on the Permeability, Odometer, Unconfined Compressive and Triaxial Shear Behavior of a Sand in SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING
  • 2018-03-13. Effect of Post-annealing on the Electrochromic Properties of Layer-by-Layer Arrangement FTO-WO3-Ag-WO3-Ag in JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
  • 2017-06-24. n-type WO3 semiconductor as a cathode electrochromic material for ECD devices in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE: MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS
  • 2018-01-02. The Effects of Nitrogen on Structure, Morphology and Electrical Resistance of Tantalum by Ion Implantation Method in JOURNAL OF INORGANIC AND ORGANOMETALLIC POLYMERS AND MATERIALS
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