Porous 3D printed concrete beams show an environmental promise: a cradle-to-grave comparative life cycle assessment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-06-20

AUTHORS

Styrmir Gislason, Simon Bruhn, Luca Breseghello, Burak Sen, Gang Liu, Roberto Naboni

ABSTRACT

3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) is a rapidly expanding area in the field of architecture, engineering, and construction, but very limited research has quantitatively investigated its environmental impact. The existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies on 3DCP lack clearly defined functional units of comparison, especially considering load-bearing structures. This paper investigates the potential environmental benefits of 3DCP over conventional concrete construction for structural beams based on a cradle-to-grave comparative LCA. Unlike existing studies, this paper employs a recarbonation model to account for the carbon offsetting from the use-stage of 3DP concrete, which shows significant results. The assessment includes three-beam designs, each analyzed for both prefabrication and on-site construction scenarios. While currently, 3DCP has a generally higher environmental impact due to the larger quantity of cement employed in the process, the reduction of material through infill optimization for printed beams is a promising design principle to positively offset the environmental impacts in the construction sector. The paper draws recommendations for future research on material- and recarbonation-efficient 3DCP design for load-bearing structures, as well as on material development, e.g. integration of larger aggregates and low-clinker cement.Graphical abstract More... »

PAGES

2639-2654

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-01-19. Mix design and fresh properties for high-performance printing concrete in MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES
  • 2017-02-25. Impact of the selection of functional unit on the life cycle assessment of green concrete in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
  • 2016-11-21. Substantial global carbon uptake by cement carbonation in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2018. Life Cycle Assessment, Theory and Practice in NONE
  • 2022-03-25. Adaptive Toolpath: Enhanced Design and Process Control for Robotic 3DCP in COMPUTER-AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN. DESIGN IMPERATIVES: THE FUTURE IS NOW
  • 2020-07-08. Sustainable Reinforced Concrete Beams: Mechanical Optimisation and 3D-Printed Formwork in SECOND RILEM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONCRETE AND DIGITAL FABRICATION
  • 2020-07-29. The sponge effect and carbon emission mitigation potentials of the global cement cycle in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2020-02-18. Mechanical behaviors of 3D printed lightweight concrete structure with hollow section in ARCHIVES OF CIVIL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
  • 2020-07-08. High-Resolution Additive Formwork for Building-Scale Concrete Panels in SECOND RILEM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONCRETE AND DIGITAL FABRICATION
  • 2013-06-30. Cement and carbon emissions in MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES
  • 2020-07-08. Flexural Behaviour of AR-Glass Textile Reinforced 3D Printed Concrete Beams in SECOND RILEM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONCRETE AND DIGITAL FABRICATION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148838268


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0905", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Civil Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10825.3e", 
              "name": [
                "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gislason", 
            "givenName": "Styrmir", 
            "id": "sg:person.015343363005.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015343363005.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10825.3e", 
              "name": [
                "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bruhn", 
            "givenName": "Simon", 
            "id": "sg:person.010233252605.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010233252605.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10825.3e", 
              "name": [
                "CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Breseghello", 
            "givenName": "Luca", 
            "id": "sg:person.010454266635.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010454266635.58"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Faculty of Engineering, SAU Center for Research & Development and Applied Science (SARGEM), Sakarya University, 54050, Serdivan, Sakarya, Turkey", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49746.38", 
              "name": [
                "Faculty of Engineering, SAU Center for Research & Development and Applied Science (SARGEM), Sakarya University, 54050, Serdivan, Sakarya, Turkey"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sen", 
            "givenName": "Burak", 
            "id": "sg:person.012206333127.33", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012206333127.33"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10825.3e", 
              "name": [
                "SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liu", 
            "givenName": "Gang", 
            "id": "sg:person.015062412261.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015062412261.85"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10825.3e", 
              "name": [
                "CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Naboni", 
            "givenName": "Roberto", 
            "id": "sg:person.011666034551.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011666034551.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129069112", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s43452-020-00017-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124957605", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s43452-020-00017-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091412973", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129070819", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_91"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-17583-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129714731", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17583-w"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-017-1284-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083921384", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-017-1284-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013061464", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_73", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129063191", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_73"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2840", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023734863", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2840"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-19-1280-1_19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146543002", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1280-1_19"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-013-0114-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034837451", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-013-0114-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2022-06-20", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2022-06-20", 
        "description": "Abstract3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) is a rapidly expanding area in the field of architecture, engineering, and construction, but very limited research has quantitatively investigated its environmental impact. The existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies on 3DCP lack clearly defined functional units of comparison, especially considering load-bearing structures. This paper investigates the potential environmental benefits of 3DCP over conventional concrete construction for structural beams based on a cradle-to-grave comparative LCA. Unlike existing studies, this paper employs a recarbonation model to account for the carbon offsetting from the use-stage of 3DP concrete, which shows significant results. The assessment includes three-beam designs, each analyzed for both prefabrication and on-site construction scenarios. While currently, 3DCP has a generally higher environmental impact due to the larger quantity of cement employed in the process, the reduction of material through infill optimization for printed beams is a promising design principle to positively offset the environmental impacts in the construction sector. The paper draws recommendations for future research on material- and recarbonation-efficient 3DCP design for load-bearing structures, as well as on material development, e.g. integration of larger aggregates and low-clinker cement.Graphical abstract", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136432", 
            "issn": [
              "1618-954X", 
              "1618-9558"
            ], 
            "name": "Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "8", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "24"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "life cycle assessment", 
          "comparative life cycle assessment", 
          "load-bearing structures", 
          "Abstract3D concrete printing", 
          "conventional concrete construction", 
          "low clinker cements", 
          "cycle assessment", 
          "environmental impacts", 
          "reduction of material", 
          "concrete printing", 
          "concrete beams", 
          "high environmental impact", 
          "structural beams", 
          "concrete construction", 
          "potential environmental benefits", 
          "material development", 
          "construction scenarios", 
          "infill optimization", 
          "environmental benefits", 
          "promising design principle", 
          "cement", 
          "beam", 
          "construction sector", 
          "concrete", 
          "materials", 
          "design", 
          "design principles", 
          "printing", 
          "prefabrication", 
          "cradle", 
          "large quantities", 
          "functional units", 
          "engineering", 
          "structure", 
          "field of architecture", 
          "optimization", 
          "construction", 
          "carbon", 
          "large aggregates", 
          "environmental promise", 
          "field", 
          "process", 
          "aggregates", 
          "integration", 
          "quantity", 
          "scenarios", 
          "impact", 
          "model", 
          "reduction", 
          "architecture", 
          "results", 
          "comparison", 
          "principles", 
          "units", 
          "assessment", 
          "area", 
          "research", 
          "promise", 
          "significant results", 
          "development", 
          "sector", 
          "benefits", 
          "study", 
          "limited research", 
          "lack", 
          "future research", 
          "recommendations", 
          "paper"
        ], 
        "name": "Porous 3D printed concrete beams show an environmental promise: a cradle-to-grave comparative life cycle assessment", 
        "pagination": "2639-2654", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1148838268"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148838268"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:50", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_929.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    209 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      103 URIs      84 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0905
    3 schema:author N87935407d007414a8a3d00516f0f2d52
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_110
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_73
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_91
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-19-1280-1_19
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-017-1284-0
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s43452-020-00017-1
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2840
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-17583-w
    13 sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z
    14 sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-013-0114-5
    15 schema:datePublished 2022-06-20
    16 schema:datePublishedReg 2022-06-20
    17 schema:description Abstract3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) is a rapidly expanding area in the field of architecture, engineering, and construction, but very limited research has quantitatively investigated its environmental impact. The existing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies on 3DCP lack clearly defined functional units of comparison, especially considering load-bearing structures. This paper investigates the potential environmental benefits of 3DCP over conventional concrete construction for structural beams based on a cradle-to-grave comparative LCA. Unlike existing studies, this paper employs a recarbonation model to account for the carbon offsetting from the use-stage of 3DP concrete, which shows significant results. The assessment includes three-beam designs, each analyzed for both prefabrication and on-site construction scenarios. While currently, 3DCP has a generally higher environmental impact due to the larger quantity of cement employed in the process, the reduction of material through infill optimization for printed beams is a promising design principle to positively offset the environmental impacts in the construction sector. The paper draws recommendations for future research on material- and recarbonation-efficient 3DCP design for load-bearing structures, as well as on material development, e.g. integration of larger aggregates and low-clinker cement.Graphical abstract
    18 schema:genre article
    19 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    20 schema:isPartOf N5826d15d63ab4cf28a2ba4333861359a
    21 N7b1666775a594b6f8cdff5de7d2994a1
    22 sg:journal.1136432
    23 schema:keywords Abstract3D concrete printing
    24 aggregates
    25 architecture
    26 area
    27 assessment
    28 beam
    29 benefits
    30 carbon
    31 cement
    32 comparative life cycle assessment
    33 comparison
    34 concrete
    35 concrete beams
    36 concrete construction
    37 concrete printing
    38 construction
    39 construction scenarios
    40 construction sector
    41 conventional concrete construction
    42 cradle
    43 cycle assessment
    44 design
    45 design principles
    46 development
    47 engineering
    48 environmental benefits
    49 environmental impacts
    50 environmental promise
    51 field
    52 field of architecture
    53 functional units
    54 future research
    55 high environmental impact
    56 impact
    57 infill optimization
    58 integration
    59 lack
    60 large aggregates
    61 large quantities
    62 life cycle assessment
    63 limited research
    64 load-bearing structures
    65 low clinker cements
    66 material development
    67 materials
    68 model
    69 optimization
    70 paper
    71 potential environmental benefits
    72 prefabrication
    73 principles
    74 printing
    75 process
    76 promise
    77 promising design principle
    78 quantity
    79 recommendations
    80 reduction
    81 reduction of material
    82 research
    83 results
    84 scenarios
    85 sector
    86 significant results
    87 structural beams
    88 structure
    89 study
    90 units
    91 schema:name Porous 3D printed concrete beams show an environmental promise: a cradle-to-grave comparative life cycle assessment
    92 schema:pagination 2639-2654
    93 schema:productId N09021c1be0254027af6df3ca0c1b1b11
    94 Nfd6d7f25b1f54a43aa5e652f53457413
    95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148838268
    96 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9
    97 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:50
    98 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    99 schema:sdPublisher Ndc44d7f54a984277b0d76efbe6fcc852
    100 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9
    101 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    102 sgo:sdDataset articles
    103 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    104 N09021c1be0254027af6df3ca0c1b1b11 schema:name doi
    105 schema:value 10.1007/s10098-022-02343-9
    106 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    107 N3c4c0f2964aa48af87e797cfef5486db rdf:first sg:person.012206333127.33
    108 rdf:rest Nbae6097c6ef54e2a9e6b11ece350e09d
    109 N5645ff2484124972ab5052b1747a2270 rdf:first sg:person.010454266635.58
    110 rdf:rest N3c4c0f2964aa48af87e797cfef5486db
    111 N5826d15d63ab4cf28a2ba4333861359a schema:volumeNumber 24
    112 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    113 N5fe9dac88e2944de87ddb5e861cf8f77 rdf:first sg:person.010233252605.80
    114 rdf:rest N5645ff2484124972ab5052b1747a2270
    115 N78a988d18b3a4ec4a71eab5aae8cb038 rdf:first sg:person.011666034551.31
    116 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    117 N7b1666775a594b6f8cdff5de7d2994a1 schema:issueNumber 8
    118 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    119 N87935407d007414a8a3d00516f0f2d52 rdf:first sg:person.015343363005.43
    120 rdf:rest N5fe9dac88e2944de87ddb5e861cf8f77
    121 Nbae6097c6ef54e2a9e6b11ece350e09d rdf:first sg:person.015062412261.85
    122 rdf:rest N78a988d18b3a4ec4a71eab5aae8cb038
    123 Ndc44d7f54a984277b0d76efbe6fcc852 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    124 rdf:type schema:Organization
    125 Nfd6d7f25b1f54a43aa5e652f53457413 schema:name dimensions_id
    126 schema:value pub.1148838268
    127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    128 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    129 schema:name Engineering
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 anzsrc-for:0905 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    132 schema:name Civil Engineering
    133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    134 sg:journal.1136432 schema:issn 1618-954X
    135 1618-9558
    136 schema:name Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy
    137 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    138 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    139 sg:person.010233252605.80 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e
    140 schema:familyName Bruhn
    141 schema:givenName Simon
    142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010233252605.80
    143 rdf:type schema:Person
    144 sg:person.010454266635.58 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e
    145 schema:familyName Breseghello
    146 schema:givenName Luca
    147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010454266635.58
    148 rdf:type schema:Person
    149 sg:person.011666034551.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e
    150 schema:familyName Naboni
    151 schema:givenName Roberto
    152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011666034551.31
    153 rdf:type schema:Person
    154 sg:person.012206333127.33 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.49746.38
    155 schema:familyName Sen
    156 schema:givenName Burak
    157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012206333127.33
    158 rdf:type schema:Person
    159 sg:person.015062412261.85 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e
    160 schema:familyName Liu
    161 schema:givenName Gang
    162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015062412261.85
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 sg:person.015343363005.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e
    165 schema:familyName Gislason
    166 schema:givenName Styrmir
    167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015343363005.43
    168 rdf:type schema:Person
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129069112
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_110
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129063191
    173 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_73
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129070819
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-49916-7_91
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091412973
    179 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56475-3
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1007/978-981-19-1280-1_19 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146543002
    182 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1280-1_19
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1007/s11367-017-1284-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083921384
    185 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-017-1284-0
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1007/s43452-020-00017-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124957605
    188 https://doi.org/10.1007/s43452-020-00017-1
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2840 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023734863
    191 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2840
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-17583-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129714731
    194 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17583-w
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013061464
    197 https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-012-9828-z
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1617/s11527-013-0114-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034837451
    200 https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-013-0114-5
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 grid-institutes:grid.10825.3e schema:alternateName CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    203 SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    204 schema:name CREATE - Section for Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    205 SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology (IGT), Faculty of Engineering, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
    206 rdf:type schema:Organization
    207 grid-institutes:grid.49746.38 schema:alternateName Faculty of Engineering, SAU Center for Research & Development and Applied Science (SARGEM), Sakarya University, 54050, Serdivan, Sakarya, Turkey
    208 schema:name Faculty of Engineering, SAU Center for Research & Development and Applied Science (SARGEM), Sakarya University, 54050, Serdivan, Sakarya, Turkey
    209 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...