Environmental impacts of utilizing waste steel slag aggregates as recycled road construction materials View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-05

AUTHORS

Farshid Maghool, Arul Arulrajah, Yan-Jun Du, Suksun Horpibulsuk, Avirut Chinkulkijniwat

ABSTRACT

Slag is an industrial waste generated during the steelmaking process. Electric arc furnace slag (EAFS) and ladle furnace slag (LFS) are both produced at different stages of steelmaking process, respectively, in electric arc furnaces and refining ladle furnaces. As part of this research, an extensive suite of engineering and environmental tests were undertaken on steel slag aggregates to evaluate their potential usage as road construction materials. The engineering assessment included particle size distribution, hydrometer, organic content, flakiness index, Atterberg limits, particle density, water absorption, pH, minimum and maximum dry densities with a vibrating table, modified compaction, California bearing ratio (CBR) and Los Angeles abrasion tests. In addition, a suite of environmental tests comprising total and leachable heavy metal tests were undertaken on both types of steel slag aggregates. From an environmental perspective, EAFS and LFS were found to pose no environmental risks for use as aggregates in roadwork applications. The engineering properties of LFS aggregates with its satisfactory geotechnical and environmental results, particularly its high CBR values, indicated that the material was ideal for usage as a construction material in roadwork applications such as pavement base/subbases and engineering fills. EAFS, with its comparatively lower CBR value, was found to be only suitable to use as a construction material for pavement subbases and engineering fills. The usage of steel slag aggregates in roadwork applications would bring about a practical end-of-life alternative for their sustainable reuse and possibly divert large amount of these waste materials from landfills. More... »

PAGES

949-958

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-04. Embodied energy: Soil retaining geosystems in KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-016-1289-6

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