A source reduction approach: Integrated bio-based tanning methods and the role of enzymes in dehairing and fibre opening View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

S. Saravanabhavan, R. Aravindhan, P. Thanikaivelan, J. Raghava Rao, Balachandran Unni Nair, T. Ramasami

ABSTRACT

Due to increased legislation geared towards environmental protection and preservation of water quality, tanneries are under constant pressure to implement source reduction technologies that reduce their organic and inorganic wastewater loading. The processing of hides or skins to leathers involves five important stages: raw skins/hides preservation, pre-tanning, tanning, post tanning, and finishing, of which, pre-tanning and tanning processes are known to contribute more than 90% of the total pollution load from leather processing. These include soaking, liming, reliming, deliming, bating, pickling, chrome tanning and basification. Wide variation in pH (2.8–12.0) is also encountered during the entire leather making process. These different operations and the pH variations result in the emission of large pollution loads as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total solids (TS), chlorides, sulphates, chromium and sludge. This article describes an integrated three-step bio-based process, which limits the pH range in leather processing to 4.0–8.0. A sequence of operations namely, dehairing, fibre opening and pickle-basification-free chrome tanning (chrome tanning that does not require pickling or basification), has been designed primarily with the use of enzymes. Application of this source reduction process leads to a substantial decrease in chemical consumption from 380 to 50 kg for tanning one ton of raw skins. Leathers processed using this process sequence matched the performance of conventionally processed leathers. Further, the integration of enzyme technology with a specially designed chrome tanning process presents substantial environmental benefits as observed in the reduction of COD, total solids and chromium by 61, 78 and 92%, respectively. Cost data are presented to demonstrate that the process is economically viable. More... »

PAGES

3-14

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038270246


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0907", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saravanabhavan", 
        "givenName": "S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0653374455.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0653374455.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aravindhan", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01126175431.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01126175431.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Thanikaivelan", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01061642266.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061642266.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rao", 
        "givenName": "J. Raghava", 
        "id": "sg:person.0752133670.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752133670.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nair", 
        "givenName": "Balachandran Unni", 
        "id": "sg:person.01020247070.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020247070.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Central Leather Research Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1", 
          "name": [
            "Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ramasami", 
        "givenName": "T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014766350244.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014766350244.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00007-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003514289"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b305285k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009105055"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00058-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033735485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-002-0152-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037886682", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-002-0152-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/a908916k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045591505"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/108819800569276", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048138593"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es025618i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055494886"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es025618i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055494886"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es026474a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055495275"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es026474a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055495275"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2004-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2004-12-01", 
    "description": "Due to increased legislation geared towards environmental protection and preservation of water quality, tanneries are under constant pressure to implement source reduction technologies that reduce their organic and inorganic wastewater loading. The processing of hides or skins to leathers involves five important stages: raw skins/hides preservation, pre-tanning, tanning, post tanning, and finishing, of which, pre-tanning and tanning processes are known to contribute more than 90% of the total pollution load from leather processing. These include soaking, liming, reliming, deliming, bating, pickling, chrome tanning and basification. Wide variation in pH (2.8\u201312.0) is also encountered during the entire leather making process. These different operations and the pH variations result in the emission of large pollution loads as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total solids (TS), chlorides, sulphates, chromium and sludge. This article describes an integrated three-step bio-based process, which limits the pH range in leather processing to 4.0\u20138.0. A sequence of operations namely, dehairing, fibre opening and pickle-basification-free chrome tanning (chrome tanning that does not require pickling or basification), has been designed primarily with the use of enzymes. Application of this source reduction process leads to a substantial decrease in chemical consumption from 380 to 50 kg for tanning one ton of raw skins. Leathers processed using this process sequence matched the performance of conventionally processed leathers. Further, the integration of enzyme technology with a specially designed chrome tanning process presents substantial environmental benefits as observed in the reduction of COD, total solids and chromium by 61, 78 and 92%, respectively. Cost data are presented to demonstrate that the process is economically viable.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136432", 
        "issn": [
          "1618-954X", 
          "1618-9558"
        ], 
        "name": "Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "7"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "A source reduction approach: Integrated bio-based tanning methods and the role of enzymes in dehairing and fibre opening", 
    "pagination": "3-14", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "b64e6a53a01116dedd5dbe0ef1b81d18bfb2d9da38103954e4d4319ac69164e8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1038270246"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038270246"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T14:31", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000373_0000000373/records_13096_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

121 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      35 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0907
3 schema:author N20675664026349ff88018d14aa85f8c6
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-002-0152-0
5 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00007-5
6 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00058-0
7 https://doi.org/10.1021/es025618i
8 https://doi.org/10.1021/es026474a
9 https://doi.org/10.1039/a908916k
10 https://doi.org/10.1039/b305285k
11 https://doi.org/10.1162/108819800569276
12 schema:datePublished 2004-12
13 schema:datePublishedReg 2004-12-01
14 schema:description Due to increased legislation geared towards environmental protection and preservation of water quality, tanneries are under constant pressure to implement source reduction technologies that reduce their organic and inorganic wastewater loading. The processing of hides or skins to leathers involves five important stages: raw skins/hides preservation, pre-tanning, tanning, post tanning, and finishing, of which, pre-tanning and tanning processes are known to contribute more than 90% of the total pollution load from leather processing. These include soaking, liming, reliming, deliming, bating, pickling, chrome tanning and basification. Wide variation in pH (2.8–12.0) is also encountered during the entire leather making process. These different operations and the pH variations result in the emission of large pollution loads as biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total solids (TS), chlorides, sulphates, chromium and sludge. This article describes an integrated three-step bio-based process, which limits the pH range in leather processing to 4.0–8.0. A sequence of operations namely, dehairing, fibre opening and pickle-basification-free chrome tanning (chrome tanning that does not require pickling or basification), has been designed primarily with the use of enzymes. Application of this source reduction process leads to a substantial decrease in chemical consumption from 380 to 50 kg for tanning one ton of raw skins. Leathers processed using this process sequence matched the performance of conventionally processed leathers. Further, the integration of enzyme technology with a specially designed chrome tanning process presents substantial environmental benefits as observed in the reduction of COD, total solids and chromium by 61, 78 and 92%, respectively. Cost data are presented to demonstrate that the process is economically viable.
15 schema:genre research_article
16 schema:inLanguage en
17 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
18 schema:isPartOf Na8853aab98924b97a1a53efb9ef10bf6
19 Nf550be80cd2445d79c8b2a843c800ff5
20 sg:journal.1136432
21 schema:name A source reduction approach: Integrated bio-based tanning methods and the role of enzymes in dehairing and fibre opening
22 schema:pagination 3-14
23 schema:productId N0a052de2e75b4527bf2e8eafccd3e750
24 N58c0264b0e204628a2c10f5fec891afd
25 Na128b0cf53c24dc3976b871d5761877a
26 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038270246
27 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1
28 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T14:31
29 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
30 schema:sdPublisher N6ede2ee44ddc4dbb945a41f9acc3334a
31 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1
32 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
33 sgo:sdDataset articles
34 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
35 N0a052de2e75b4527bf2e8eafccd3e750 schema:name dimensions_id
36 schema:value pub.1038270246
37 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
38 N20675664026349ff88018d14aa85f8c6 rdf:first sg:person.0653374455.88
39 rdf:rest N9566567656b7465f9bd9de031f6f8710
40 N23e69708a8214dcea9057370ad1a7f1e rdf:first sg:person.014766350244.49
41 rdf:rest rdf:nil
42 N32b7b49890e94dff8a28b8f3075d202d rdf:first sg:person.01061642266.45
43 rdf:rest Na94b556f3a3d4f68aa00c4f09a929553
44 N58c0264b0e204628a2c10f5fec891afd schema:name readcube_id
45 schema:value b64e6a53a01116dedd5dbe0ef1b81d18bfb2d9da38103954e4d4319ac69164e8
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N6ede2ee44ddc4dbb945a41f9acc3334a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
48 rdf:type schema:Organization
49 N9566567656b7465f9bd9de031f6f8710 rdf:first sg:person.01126175431.78
50 rdf:rest N32b7b49890e94dff8a28b8f3075d202d
51 Na128b0cf53c24dc3976b871d5761877a schema:name doi
52 schema:value 10.1007/s10098-004-0251-1
53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
54 Na4ff8789b669400492cd4428ddaae5f9 rdf:first sg:person.01020247070.45
55 rdf:rest N23e69708a8214dcea9057370ad1a7f1e
56 Na8853aab98924b97a1a53efb9ef10bf6 schema:volumeNumber 7
57 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
58 Na94b556f3a3d4f68aa00c4f09a929553 rdf:first sg:person.0752133670.22
59 rdf:rest Na4ff8789b669400492cd4428ddaae5f9
60 Nf550be80cd2445d79c8b2a843c800ff5 schema:issueNumber 1
61 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
62 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
63 schema:name Engineering
64 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
65 anzsrc-for:0907 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
66 schema:name Environmental Engineering
67 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
68 sg:journal.1136432 schema:issn 1618-954X
69 1618-9558
70 schema:name Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy
71 rdf:type schema:Periodical
72 sg:person.01020247070.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
73 schema:familyName Nair
74 schema:givenName Balachandran Unni
75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020247070.45
76 rdf:type schema:Person
77 sg:person.01061642266.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
78 schema:familyName Thanikaivelan
79 schema:givenName P.
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01061642266.45
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 sg:person.01126175431.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
83 schema:familyName Aravindhan
84 schema:givenName R.
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01126175431.78
86 rdf:type schema:Person
87 sg:person.014766350244.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
88 schema:familyName Ramasami
89 schema:givenName T.
90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014766350244.49
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 sg:person.0653374455.88 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
93 schema:familyName Saravanabhavan
94 schema:givenName S.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0653374455.88
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.0752133670.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1
98 schema:familyName Rao
99 schema:givenName J. Raghava
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752133670.22
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-002-0152-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037886682
103 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-002-0152-0
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00007-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003514289
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0959-6526(01)00058-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033735485
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1021/es025618i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055494886
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1021/es026474a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055495275
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1039/a908916k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045591505
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1039/b305285k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009105055
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1162/108819800569276 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048138593
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418369.1 schema:alternateName Central Leather Research Institute
120 schema:name Chemical Laboratory, Centre for Leather Apparels & Accessories Development, Central Leather Research Institute, 600 020, Adyar, Chennai, India
121 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...