Variable spectrum of disease and risk factors of peripartum Clostridium difficile infection: report of 14 cases from French hospitals and ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-09-03

AUTHORS

Claire de Curraize, Clotilde Rousseau, Stéphane Corvec, Najoua El-Helali, Vincent Fihman, Frédéric Barbut, Anne Collignon, Alban Le Monnier

ABSTRACT

Our aim was to study Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in peripartum women in France and compare them to cases published in the literature. We characterize these infections regarding clinico-biological features and specific risk factors in order to raise awareness for obstetricians and midwifes. Eight antepartum and six post-partum CDI cases were retrospectively studied in 6 French centers during the period between 2008 and 2013. In addition, 59 literature cases were reviewed. Cases were identified with CDI clinical symptoms associated to characteristic imagery or detection of C. difficile toxins. The key risk factors of CDI (antibiotherapy, hospitalization) and other risk factors (cesarean section, obstetric complications, corticotherapy, and underlying disease) were retrospectively collected. Most of the cases were exposed to at least one key risk factor of CDI: previous exposure to antibiotics and/or hospitalization. The post-partum cases often had cesarean section: 67% (4/6) in French cases and 89% (31/35) in literature cases. Metronidazole was the most used antibiotic. Relapses occurred in two French cases and in nine published cases. Two French cases and 15 literature cases were reported to have complications (pseudomembranous colitis, toxic megacolon, death…). Diverse C. difficile PCR ribotypes were involved, but the BI/NAP1/027 strain was not detected in the French case series contrary to the literature cases. The delay for diagnosis CDI could be long and peripartum CDI could be severe. In case of unexplained diarrhea in pregnant women, clinicians need to consider CDI and ask for research of C. difficile and its toxins in stool. More... »

PAGES

2293-2299

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s10096-018-3372-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-018-3372-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106526004

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30178230


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